Questions tagged [terminology]

On words that have a meaning, usage, or similar specific to academia.

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5
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1answer
1k views

What is the meaning of “person specification” in a job advert?

I am going to submit my application to a postdoc in math. In support of my application, I have been asked about what I can do, and they have mentioned that You should pay particular attention to the ...
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5answers
6k views

Term to describe paradox where those with less subject matter expertise can sometimes make better teachers?

A teacher of teachers in a field I'm involved in frequently says: the best teachers are often those who only recently learned the material themselves The rationale for the statement is that someone ...
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5answers
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What is a 'Chair' in British academia?

I understand that a 'Chair' is a traditional title of a professor in the UK. Nowadays, what is the difference, if any, between a Chair and a Professor in the UK?
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1answer
77 views

What is the name for “section topics” printed in the margins

In older publications of many languages, there are frequently printed text in the margins that detail the topic of a section of the text (see below on the left and right): Excerpt from Magnum ...
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2answers
238 views

Correct verb for professor “writing” student exams?

On their CV, how should an associate professor go about making a bullet point accomplishment that they "designed / wrote / created / produced" student exams? that is, devised several pages ...
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8answers
5k views

What type of letter is Pierre Deligne talking about and why did he write a letter to other mathematicians?

Today I watched a YouTube video interview of Pierre Deligne. I have some confusion about a statement given by Pierre (video timing: 56:33 to 58:20). Here is the outline of the statement in the video: ...
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1answer
143 views

Difference between “faculty member” and “faculty person”

I've occasionally heard the phrase "faculty person" used, apparently as an alternative to "faculty member". Are these exactly equivalent, or are there any subtle differences in ...
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1answer
96 views

“Statement of purpose” vs “Research proposal” in the context of graduate studies?

After consulting google, what I am able to understand is that a statement of purpose is a document that is used when applying for graduate studies and it mentions the aptitude and motivation for ...
2
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1answer
165 views

What's the meaning of Visiting Researcher / Ass. Professor?

I want to know how actually (and on the basis of what) visiting researcher (for PhD students) or visiting Ass. Professor (for lecturers) opportunities are offered worldwide (especially for USA/Canada) ...
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2answers
392 views

I successfully completed degree called Aspirantura from Russia. is it equal to PhD in Europe and US?

I completed a four-year Aspirant course and successfully defended my Aspirant thesis
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4answers
630 views

Is there a more gender-neutral and specific term for “Underclassman”?

Yale has changed their language, but I don't see a clear alternative here. At this point, I think referring to students by their specific class years ( "First-Years and Sophomores" vs. "...
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1answer
63 views

Is there a single term to define all sources (e.g., academic papers, grey literature, books, blogs, etc.)?

Is there a single term that includes all the following types of sources: Scholarly publications Government and think tank reports News reports Books Blogs (written by academics) For a paper, I used ...
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2answers
265 views

PhD Student/Candidate distinction - European/French universities

I read an interesting topic entitled "PhD candidate vs. PhD Student". I understood that the distinction between the use of those terms is strongly linked to the structure of PhD programs in ...
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4answers
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What does 'PI' mean?

I am a senior in undergrad who is a physics major applying to PhD programs. I keep on hearing people saying get rec letters from PIs or contact and have a good relationship with PIs.
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3answers
228 views

Is there any difference between theoretical and mathematical? [closed]

In computer science, is there any difference in usage of the terms: theoretical, mathematical? If yes, which is more broader? Context: If my supervisor says focus on theoretical aspects of the paper ...
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0answers
184 views

Biology and Physics are to ‘the sciences’ as Fine Art and Theatre Studies are to what? [closed]

I am editing something and am trying to find an alternative to the phrase ‘the sciences and the creative subjects’, as the use of the latter implies that the former are not creative. For context, we ...
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1answer
4k views

Is there a difference between “interdisciplinary” and “multidisciplinary” research?

Going off of definitions on Google, it seems that interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary mean the same thing: relating to more than one academic discipline/branch of knowledge. Is there a subtle ...
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2answers
316 views

What does “resident” mean in title like “resident mathematician”?

What does resident mean in title like resident mathematician? And what are the main subjects where resident is attached to a title? For example, does a resident statistician exist? Or a resident ...
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2answers
220 views

Do “research team” and “research group” mean the same thing?

I see some papers use "research team" while others use "research group". Do they mean the same thing, a few of researchers that form a team dedicated to a research?
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1answer
192 views

What is the meaning of “Mobility” in applying for postdoc positions

I am going to apply for postdoc position in math. I have been asked for some documents titled "Previous Mobility" and "Scientific background". I do not know what I can put in Previous Mobility, ...
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2answers
1k views

How should I interpret a suggestion to “synthesize” two sections of a paper?

I have submitted a manuscript to a journal. After some months, the submission is in the revised statute. One of the referees suggested the following to me. Sections 2 and 3 should be synthetized ...
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1answer
745 views

Is there such a thing as a “1.5 PhD degree”?

A famous person in my hometown claimed that she was awarded a "1.5 Ph.D. degree" by her thesis committee in a famous law school in London in the early 1980s (which was noted on her diploma, according ...
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1answer
338 views

What are “Rare research subjects” (“Kleine Fächer”)?

I've noticed a funding agency offer a program for funding "rare subjects" ("Kleine Fächer" in German). I'm pretty sure my own research doesn't count, but: Is this concept / category of research ...
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2answers
101 views

Which scientific discipline studies topics? [closed]

In my understanding, the common understanding of the word "topic" is as defined in the Wiktionary: Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. Now which discipline deals with this and ...
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1answer
131 views

How do you differentiate STAT/ML/DS in SOP?

I'm going to apply to graduate programs in both Statistics and Data Science. To me, Statistics, Data Science, and Machine Learning essentially refers to the same subject, but some universities are ...
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3answers
328 views

Is there a term to describe when students are in one classroom for most of the day?

When I was in elementary school, I was in a single classroom the entire day. I would have different teachers come in and give classes, but we as students wouldn't change our classroom. When I was in ...
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Where to draw the line between preprint and author-submitted paper?

I read on https://conferences.ieeeauthorcenter.ieee.org/get-published/post-your-paper/ (mirror): Preprint: a form of e-print where an author posts a draft paper on the author’s or another ...
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3answers
595 views

What's the difference between Advisor and Mentor?

In a lot of Curriculum of undergraduate and graduate researchers I see they list their research experiences using Advisor and Mentor too, to describe that people who guide them in the research. So, ...
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1answer
1k views

What are A and A* conference ranks?

Following this question, what does A and A* mean for conference rank? Is there a site where can I get information for conference rank?
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1answer
98 views

individual research grants [closed]

I am going to apply for some postdoc positions in Canada. I have some feedback from professor. They are saying about availability of individual research grants in their department. I do not know how ...
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1answer
597 views

Did Cambridge award LLB?

Please see the titled question. Like Oxford's, Cambridge's undergraduate and first law degree is a BA, not LLB. But SCC Justice Ian Binnie exhibits University of Cambridge (1962) LLB Andrew ...
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3answers
40k views

What does the term “highest qualification” mean?

What does the term "highest qualification earned" or "highest degree earned" on applications mean? For example, if I am a current undergraduate student, does that mean my highest ...
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3answers
231 views

Does a full professorship necessarily imply tenure in American Universities?

I'm having some trouble parsing the implications of all the job titles that get thrown around in academia. Does someone whose job title is just "Professor" necessarily have tenure, or are there ...
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1answer
274 views

Colloquial term for relationship between postdoc and phd with same advisor

Colloquially, two phds from the same advisor are referred to as academic brothers/sisters, i.e. if i am a phd student with advisor X and someone else is a phd student with advisor X then we are ...
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1answer
123 views

What is a research assistant in the Australian system?

I've noticed postings for positions with the title “research assistant” from Australian universities. They require a PhD and are often (or exclusively) one-year contracts. Are these positions akin to ...
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1answer
773 views

What is the Latin term “pace” used for when referencing other scholars?

I frequently come across references to other scholars like: In period P, syntactic construct C did not have function F (pace Smith 2000). I understand that pace here signals that Smith (2000) ...
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3answers
5k views

Do people who work at research institutes consider themselves “academics”?

My long-term goal is to work at a research institute. While discussing my career plans with different mentors, I find that there is some confusion about whether a position at a government-funded ...
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3answers
3k views

What does formal training in a field mean?

I was curious what people mean when they say you need formal training in a field?
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0answers
26 views

Difference between proposing a research framework and research approach

I would like to get some concrete examples as to what is the difference between saying that I am presenting a research framework and a research approach. Take the field of robotics or any other ...
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4answers
918 views

description of papers that have not been submitted to a venue?

I have some published papers and in my CV, I mention them under the heading of "Publications". However, I have some papers that I have not yet submitted to a venue (conference or journal). I think ...
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2answers
101 views

How do research papers differ from research articles? [duplicate]

What is the difference between a research paper and a research article? Frequently these two terms are considered in the same category. So, what features distinguish these two terms?
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3answers
3k views

Is “inadequate referencing” a euphemism for plagiarism?

I am aware of a professor, who wrote two published books that had to be corrected. On the publisher's website it states that these two books had been corrected due to "inadequate referencing". Is ...
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3answers
211 views

What would be a more academically acceptable name for a cluster of four courses?

In higher education, we know what is a major or a minor. What do we call it when there are only a cluster of courses, say 9-12 credit hours in the same discipline that is not part of a major like ...
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2answers
915 views

What is the etymology of “Assistant Professor”?

In the US, "Assistant Professor" is a junior rank among permanent university faculty. Generally, Assistant Professors are independent researchers with more or less the same job responsibilities as ...
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1answer
137 views

What is recommendation/reference draft copy?

I am applying for a PhD program and reached out for a recommendation to a professor under who I had done my master’s thesis. He told me to: send a draft copy as per the requirement What does that ...
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5answers
12k views

Why is a professorship sometimes called a chair?

Why is a professorship sometimes called a chair? Are chairs only the correct term when the professorship has been endowed? (I don't think so, because endowed professorships are rare in the UK, but ...
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5answers
1k views

What do you call a “practice” class that accompanies a lecture?

In my country it is very common for courses to consist of two types of classes: lectures primarily focus on theoretical aspects of a topic and then after each lecture comes a corresponding “practice” ...
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5answers
9k views

What is it called when authors trade citations?

Citation is one metric of researchers. That is why some of them lend citation to one another. For example, A writes a paper and cites B's work in it, and then B does the same for A, without the ...
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1answer
232 views

What to do if you don't know the terms you don't know?

If in a (mathematics) research paper, you cannot seem to find the term to describe something even after much digging and questioning, is it safe to assume that a word for it does not exist? This ...
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2answers
293 views

What does “communicated” mean in a CV?

I often see in a CV that certain papers are labelled as ‘communicated’. What does that mean? (Not ‘communicated by’.) E.g. this document which is a list of papers including entries like: "On ...

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