Questions tagged [terminology]

On words that have a meaning, usage, or similar specific to academia.

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What Does 'S' Stand for in a Research Report? [closed]

I'm reading a research report. I encountered several times 'S' which I don't know what it stands for. Examples: 'The first directions to S were as follows.' 'After the record was played, S was asked ...
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2 answers
435 views

For inclusiveness sake, what is the consensus about which usage of "blind" should be changed?

In academic contexts, what is the consensus on whether we should avoid using "blind" as a category of persons, or should we avoid using it as an adjective (or both or none)? Does it vary ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
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Which alternative names can one use to refer to a "blind experiment"?

Which alternative names can one use to refer to a "blind experiment" (defined by https://www.thefreedictionary.com/blinds as "2a. Performed or made without the benefit of background ...
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4 votes
1 answer
335 views

What does co-financing mean in the context of funding?

I'm applying for funding for a joint R&D project between a university and a company. One of the terms from the funding agency is as follows: The project must be co-financed with at least 150% and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What does the phrase "loci citati" mean in citations?

In this 1929 paper by Stone, the 3rd citation is given as J. Von Neumann, loci citati; and an unpublished paper which is to appear in Mathematische Annalen, cf. Göttinger Nachrichten, 1927, pp. 1-55, ...
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16 votes
10 answers
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Why do so many papers state the obvious?

There is a pattern I keep seeing and I'm very curious about the reason behind it. Let's say you're going to read a paper on astronomy: In order to understand it, you need to know some basics about the ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Is "bench researcher" a formal / professional term?

I am applying to a computational biology job. I want to make it clear that I am extremely interested in the practical aspects of my work, wet-biology generally, and collaborating with / supporting ...
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8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Meaning of "cosupervisor"

I graduated under the supervision of two professors, one of whom acted as main supervisor. To indicate this, I wrote the following sentence: "I graduated under the supervision of Prof. A and the ...
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14 votes
4 answers
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What term is used to refer to how teachers are allocated for each course?

A question about terminology here... When creating schedules or timetables for our school, the first thing we do is to allocate a teacher for each course that is to be given. Example: John will be ...
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2 votes
0 answers
245 views

What does "O" stand for in this paper from 1961? [closed]

I'm currently reading "Perceived Order in Different Sense Modalities" (Hirsh and Sherrick, 1961). In they repeatedly use the abbreviation "O" and I have no idea what it stands for. ...
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What is the term for managing programs and their relationship with students within a university? [closed]

I'm developing a web application to help conduct assessments for a college. I have several components in the application: Component Description Content Deals with the management of the content (...
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8 votes
2 answers
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Does 'pagination' refer to page numbers only or line numbers as well?

With reference to manuscripts, does 'ensuring pagination' only mean that each page is numbered, or does it mean that lines are numbered as well? Is there an equivalent word/phrase for numbering lines? ...
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4 votes
1 answer
351 views

Is there a term for Purism / Purist Ideology in Academic Philosophy?

As I look back on my education over the years, I have been a gradual disconnect in students between learning for the sake of understanding your field, craft, profession, where this alone is the ...
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59 votes
14 answers
10k views

What is a "Safe Space"?

My organisation has recently started advertising certain meetings as being "Safe Spaces" without describing what is meant by such a thing. Merriam-Webster describes it as: a place (as on a ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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What is the correct term to indicate the category "Race" on a chart showing demographic statistics? [closed]

I'm editing a quantitative paper in sociology based on a Statistics Canada survey. The survey uses the term "visible minority" in a yes/no question asking if participants identify as a ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Is there an academic major equivalent in secondary education/high schools? [closed]

I am trying to find out more about high schools that specialize in a particular area or at least allow a student to focus on a main subject overall. In tertiary education this specialization is known ...
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12 votes
3 answers
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Does 'graduate program' mean MSc or Ph.D.?

What is the actual meaning of a graduate program? Is it Masters? Or Ph.D. or Both? Does the definition vary from country to country?
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8 votes
2 answers
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"Open exam" exams?

Many of the students I teach do not have English as their first language. Also, my English tends to fall on the British (Australian) side of the divide, and I'm teaching in US institutions. Sometimes, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Who exactly is a pseudo professor?

I was recently in a meeting with other university professors and one of them introduced himself as a "pseudo professor". The other, when introducing themselves reiterated that they ...
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6 votes
1 answer
696 views

Term for a meta-analysis without a literature review

I'm in the midst of revising a manuscript that compares the results of a sequence of experiments. These experiments, most of whose results have already been published elsewhere, have some components ...
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22 votes
3 answers
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What does "getting scooped" mean?

I hear (and use) the phrase 'getting scooped' to refer to an instance where researcher A uses the ideas of researcher B and publishes before B can publish. Is this strictly correct, and does it ...
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5 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the meaning of "person specification" in a job advert?

I am going to submit my application to a postdoc in math. In support of my application, I have been asked about what I can do, and they have mentioned that You should pay particular attention to the ...
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35 votes
5 answers
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Term to describe paradox where those with less subject matter expertise can sometimes make better teachers?

A teacher of teachers in a field I'm involved in frequently says: the best teachers are often those who only recently learned the material themselves The rationale for the statement is that someone ...
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13 votes
5 answers
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What is a 'Chair' in British academia?

I understand that a 'Chair' is a traditional title of a professor in the UK. Nowadays, what is the difference, if any, between a Chair and a Professor in the UK?
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4 votes
1 answer
89 views

What is the name for "section topics" printed in the margins

In older publications of many languages, there are frequently printed text in the margins that detail the topic of a section of the text (see below on the left and right): Excerpt from Magnum ...
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2 votes
2 answers
248 views

Correct verb for professor "writing" student exams?

On their CV, how should an associate professor go about making a bullet point accomplishment that they "designed / wrote / created / produced" student exams? that is, devised several pages ...
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14 votes
8 answers
5k views

What type of letter is Pierre Deligne talking about and why did he write a letter to other mathematicians?

Today I watched a YouTube video interview of Pierre Deligne. I have some confusion about a statement given by Pierre (video timing: 56:33 to 58:20). Here is the outline of the statement in the video: ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Difference between "faculty member" and "faculty person"

I've occasionally heard the phrase "faculty person" used, apparently as an alternative to "faculty member". Are these exactly equivalent, or are there any subtle differences in ...
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1 vote
1 answer
877 views

"Statement of purpose" vs "Research proposal" in the context of graduate studies?

After consulting google, what I am able to understand is that a statement of purpose is a document that is used when applying for graduate studies and it mentions the aptitude and motivation for ...
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2 votes
1 answer
230 views

What's the meaning of Visiting Researcher / Ass. Professor?

I want to know how actually (and on the basis of what) visiting researcher (for PhD students) or visiting Ass. Professor (for lecturers) opportunities are offered worldwide (especially for USA/Canada) ...
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5 votes
2 answers
939 views

I successfully completed degree called Aspirantura from Russia. is it equal to PhD in Europe and US?

I completed a four-year Aspirant course and successfully defended my Aspirant thesis
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1 vote
4 answers
2k views

Is there a more gender-neutral and specific term for "Underclassman"?

Yale has changed their language, but I don't see a clear alternative here. At this point, I think referring to students by their specific class years ( "First-Years and Sophomores" vs. "...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there a single term to define all sources (e.g., academic papers, grey literature, books, blogs, etc.)?

Is there a single term that includes all the following types of sources: Scholarly publications Government and think tank reports News reports Books Blogs (written by academics) For a paper, I used ...
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1 vote
2 answers
737 views

PhD Student/Candidate distinction - European/French universities

I read an interesting topic entitled "PhD candidate vs. PhD Student". I understood that the distinction between the use of those terms is strongly linked to the structure of PhD programs in ...
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29 votes
4 answers
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What does 'PI' mean?

I am a senior in undergrad who is a physics major applying to PhD programs. I keep on hearing people saying get rec letters from PIs or contact and have a good relationship with PIs.
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2 votes
3 answers
236 views

Is there any difference between theoretical and mathematical? [closed]

In computer science, is there any difference in usage of the terms: theoretical, mathematical? If yes, which is more broader? Context: If my supervisor says focus on theoretical aspects of the paper ...
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2 votes
0 answers
187 views

Biology and Physics are to ‘the sciences’ as Fine Art and Theatre Studies are to what? [closed]

I am editing something and am trying to find an alternative to the phrase ‘the sciences and the creative subjects’, as the use of the latter implies that the former are not creative. For context, we ...
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15 votes
1 answer
6k views

Is there a difference between "interdisciplinary" and "multidisciplinary" research?

Going off of definitions on Google, it seems that interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary mean the same thing: relating to more than one academic discipline/branch of knowledge. Is there a subtle ...
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5 votes
3 answers
731 views

What does “resident” mean in title like “resident mathematician”?

What does resident mean in title like resident mathematician? And what are the main subjects where resident is attached to a title? For example, does a resident statistician exist? Or a resident ...
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1 vote
2 answers
596 views

Do "research team" and "research group" mean the same thing?

I see some papers use "research team" while others use "research group". Do they mean the same thing, a few of researchers that form a team dedicated to a research?
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the meaning of "Mobility" in applying for postdoc positions

I am going to apply for postdoc position in math. I have been asked for some documents titled "Previous Mobility" and "Scientific background". I do not know what I can put in Previous Mobility, ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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How should I interpret a suggestion to "synthesize" two sections of a paper?

I have submitted a manuscript to a journal. After some months, the submission is in the revised statute. One of the referees suggested the following to me. Sections 2 and 3 should be synthetized ...
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is there such a thing as a "1.5 PhD degree"?

A famous person in my hometown claimed that she was awarded a "1.5 Ph.D. degree" by her thesis committee in a famous law school in London in the early 1980s (which was noted on her diploma, according ...
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3 votes
1 answer
382 views

What are "Rare research subjects" ("Kleine Fächer")?

I've noticed a funding agency offer a program for funding "rare subjects" ("Kleine Fächer" in German). I'm pretty sure my own research doesn't count, but: Is this concept / category of research ...
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0 votes
2 answers
107 views

Which scientific discipline studies topics? [closed]

In my understanding, the common understanding of the word "topic" is as defined in the Wiktionary: Subject; theme; a category or general area of interest. Now which discipline deals with this and ...
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1 vote
1 answer
166 views

How do you differentiate STAT/ML/DS in SOP?

I'm going to apply to graduate programs in both Statistics and Data Science. To me, Statistics, Data Science, and Machine Learning essentially refers to the same subject, but some universities are ...
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3 votes
3 answers
642 views

Is there a term to describe when students are in one classroom for most of the day?

When I was in elementary school, I was in a single classroom the entire day. I would have different teachers come in and give classes, but we as students wouldn't change our classroom. When I was in ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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Where to draw the line between preprint and author-submitted paper?

I read on https://conferences.ieeeauthorcenter.ieee.org/get-published/post-your-paper/ (mirror): Preprint: a form of e-print where an author posts a draft paper on the author’s or another ...
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5 votes
3 answers
1k views

What's the difference between Advisor and Mentor?

In a lot of Curriculum of undergraduate and graduate researchers I see they list their research experiences using Advisor and Mentor too, to describe that people who guide them in the research. So, ...
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6 votes
1 answer
3k views

What are A and A* conference ranks?

Following this question, what does A and A* mean for conference rank? Is there a site where can I get information for conference rank?
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