Questions tagged [writing-style]

Questions about the tones, turns of phrase and other writing patterns that are appropriate for writing in an academic context.

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1answer
82 views

How do I properly cite a research paper?

I know this question already has a similar answer but, please bear with me. I am writing my thesis and I realize there are cases I do not know how to properly cite, as illustrated in the following ...
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2answers
382 views

The decoration of language in proposal writing [closed]

I am a newbie to proposal writing although have been writing research papers for several years. After the rejection of my first NSF proposal, I am becoming aware that the proposal language is quite ...
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2answers
134 views

“I” versus “we” in grant application

I am writing a grant application as a sole PI, and it is not clear to me whether I should use singular or plural terms. As an example, currently I have a sentence like this: "Based on previous work,...
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1answer
143 views

Professional writing tips

I just started my post doc and currently writing a paper but I don't have any professional writing experience. Is there a learning curve or forums that can help with improving writing skills? E.g. I ...
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2answers
166 views

Finance paper with different decimal places [closed]

I am writing a finance paper and I change my data frequency from monthly to daily data, With monthly data, two decimal places is fine. However, my daily results look strange with two decimal places. ...
2
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2answers
63 views

Does the related work section need to be strictly about other's work only?

I would like to clarify a writing style issue concerning separating related work from my own work: Does the related work section need to be strictly about other work only? Or may you also explicitly ...
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1answer
45 views

Remarks/Comments inside a translation

I'm currently writing up my Masters Dissertation and in one of my sections I have translated an article that was written in German. To the best of my knowledge no current translation of this specific ...
0
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1answer
41 views

How to refer to the empirical study involved in the thesis?

Should I always refer to it as "the empirical study of/ involved in this thesis"? I found it too lengthy when I need to refer to it frequently in the thesis. Is there another shorter term to refer to ...
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2answers
99 views

Referencing earlier passages: Cross reference or “as discussed earlier”

I am looking for stylistic advice regarding the (over) use of cross-references. For instance, using cross-references in Latex through \ref{...} for major structural blocks like chapters and sections ...
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1answer
128 views

Difference between inclusion and exclusion criteria [closed]

Authors frequently report criteria of selecting subjects in studies in two separate categories, inclusion and exclusion criteria, e.g.: Inclusion criteria: age between 18-60 has the ...
1
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4answers
177 views

In a paper, how would you name a part that describes the big picture before the technical details

I have been struggling with finding the right title for a section in a scientific paper (in computer science but I think it can apply to many other fields). I know it's not the first time I encounter ...
5
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3answers
163 views

Placement of numerical references (“[1]”)

I kind of struggle with my students. I always told them to put the reference number (identification) close to the cited object - to make really clear what is the cited object. For example: The ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Is it unnecessary to write “Please refer to xx paper for detail” after talking about framework presented in this paper?

I wrote a paragraph about a framework from a paper xx. Is it still necessary to mention "Please refer to xx paper for detail" at the end of this paragraph? It is a thesis.
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1answer
69 views

What pronoun should theses use? [duplicate]

It is generally courtesy to use the plural 'we' or 'our' in papers, even when the primary author was the only contributor. While using personal pronouns in academic papers is typically a very bad idea,...
10
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1answer
439 views

What is the Latin term “pace” used for when referencing other scholars?

I frequently come across references to other scholars like: In period P, syntactic construct C did not have function F (pace Smith 2000). I understand that pace here signals that Smith (2000) ...
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1answer
91 views

Is PCB layouting and manufacturing process added in dissertation? [closed]

Should I add PCB layouting and manufacturing process pictures in dissertation?
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2answers
256 views

In a mathematics article, how much of the argument can be given outside of “proof” environments?

I'm writing an article containing one main theorem, with the other results essentially corollaries of that theorem. The largest part of the article is thus spend proving this main theorem. It feels ...
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2answers
171 views

Conjunctive adverbs in academic writing

As scientists, researchers and scholars, how do you feel when you read a scientific document that contains a lot of conjunctive adverbs, like however, in addition, etc? Does it sound non-scientific ...
70
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12answers
11k views

Is there any good reason to write “it is easy to see”? [closed]

Many academic papers, particularly in mathematics and similar fields, use the phrase "it is easy to see that..." (e.g. in a mathematical proof). I never understood why this sentence is used. Such a ...
30
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7answers
8k views

Should I simplify my writing in a foreign country?

As a native English speaker studying in the Netherlands, I often find myself writing (not published) English papers for a Dutch audience, and I worry I'm alienating my superiors with my writing. I ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Referencing cited authors [duplicate]

This problem comes up a lot when I write text that describes other's work. to enable personalized Web searches was first proposed in [32], however in [9] it was showed to be computationally ...
3
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1answer
159 views

Is the phrase “results show” appropriate in academic writing?

I once heard of a professor saying that it is not appropriate to say that "results show", because it is not the results that actually "show" anything, and a more appropriate way of putting it would be ...
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0answers
22 views

Difference between proposing a research framework and research approach

I would like to get some concrete examples as to what is the difference between saying that I am presenting a research framework and a research approach. Take the field of robotics or any other ...
1
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1answer
112 views

How to response to the editor for a minor suggestion given by the reviewer via a formal letter?

I submitted a paper and after about five months the editor sent an email: "I have decided that your manuscript can be accepted for publication after you have carried out the corrections as suggested ...
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1answer
110 views

Hyperbole language [closed]

I received feedback from my tutor saying that my use of “in other words” was hyperbole. My understanding of hyperbole is that it’s exaggerated language. How is “in other words” an exaggeration?
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1answer
58 views

What style to choose MLA or APA? [closed]

I will be writing an essay about Brexit and I am confused on which style of writing to use.
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5answers
7k views

What's the purpose of writing one's academic biography in the third person?

I see some academics – both professors and grad students – write their biography on their university webpages in the third person, and it sounds really weird. What's the purpose of writing about ...
2
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2answers
140 views

Colloquial forms (let's…) in articles

I am writing an article for a peer reviewed journal in the field of literature, and I am wondering about the use of colloquial expressions like: "Let's take a step back", or "Let's look at the data", "...
4
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1answer
100 views

Which writing style for uncertainties?

There are different ways of writing uncertainty. The siunitx manual says "In some fields, it is common to give the uncertainty in a number in brackets after the main part of the number... ...
0
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1answer
276 views

What's the proper way to (APA) reference a settlement agreement?

I want to reference an exhibit from the following document (it's been split into separate parts): Exhibits: https://targetbreachsettlement.com/Portals/0/Documents/Settlement%20Agreement%20Exhibits....
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0answers
25 views

Speech Versus Quotation Marks for Interview/Video Data (Chicago Style, British English)

I'm using British English and Chicago style guide. I'm quoting a mixture of interview data, and data from videos available on the net, as well as academic literature. I know obviously the academic ...
4
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5answers
336 views

What's an appropriate phrasing of a caveat about self-citation?

I'm writing some report, and at a certain point I give an example by citation. The citation format is such that you don't see any names (e.g. "[123]") without visiting the bibliography; or maybe it's ...
3
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1answer
168 views

References must be cited vs. need not be cited

In reviewing publishing guidelines prior to submission to a journal, it is listed that "References need not be cited in text." This is also listed in the style guide for the associated professional ...
5
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1answer
211 views

How do I phrase (in my thesis) that results in an important study are wrong?

The title probably comes off wrong, I tried to keep it short. I do not necessarily want to make an absolute statement like "that is wrong". But I do need to address the problems I am facing with a ...
0
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1answer
127 views

How can I refer to multiple equations with “Eq. (i)” style?

Assume the manuscript format for referencing the equations is as "Eq. (i)". How can I properly refer to multiple equations at once? For example which of the followings is more acceptable? In Eq. (1), ...
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0answers
70 views

Experience with paid English grammar and style software for writing papers?

I'm looking to suggest to our institute to invest in a paid software for helping writing, along the lines of Grammarly Premium, Antidote 10 or something similar. Does anyone have any experience with ...
3
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5answers
283 views

If I define acronyms in the abstract, should I define them again in the rest of the paper?

I've noticed in some papers (CS) that even if the authors define acronyms in the abstract, they restate them once again in the rest of the paper. It is like "what happens in the abstract stays in the ...
2
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2answers
81 views

Flow of the Discussion section

Some journals expect the Discussion to have the following structure and order (with some flexibility): summary of results strengths and weaknesses interpretation/context/comparison with previous ...
1
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2answers
684 views

see/cf. followed by e.g. / for example

Consider the following sentences: foo is bar (see, for example, baz). foo is bar (see, e.g., baz). foo is bar (cf. for example baz). foo is bar (cf. e.g., baz). Which of these are valid to use, and ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Using well-established abbreviations for new concepts in the same field

Should a researcher try her best to avoid using existing abbreviations (such as IEEE, WHO, DNA, ANOVA, BMI, CERN, NASA, UNESCO, OPCW, NHS, CDC ...) that are (well-)known in her fields, when creating ...
13
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5answers
2k views

How to phrase omissions correctly in a thesis?

This might be a strange question, but I am currently thinking about a good phrase to use if I want to emphasize that the theoretical omissions I am making are not caused by neglect, laziness, or ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Inline referencing chapters, sections, subsections, etc [duplicate]

I am currently in the process of writing my Master's thesis using the LaTeX class supplied by my university. This class uses a document structure similar to report: Starting with chapters, then ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Do I need to cite a source when defining terms?

In my research paper, I have set aside space to define terms (each having a bullet point). My confusion is how I go about defining these terms. Do I quote a dictionary, another research paper in the ...
15
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4answers
2k views

Is a citation typically considered plural or singular in academia?

My question parallels that of https://english.stackexchange.com/q/99886/117318, which asks whether "Gamma et al." should be considered singular or plural for verb conjugation. The top and accepted ...
0
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1answer
116 views

More or less sections/subsections in a journal article?

When writing an academic paper, sections help organize the paper and make it more navigable for the reader. I can imagine a number of pros/cons of having more or less sections in a paper, but I'm not ...
5
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1answer
125 views

What tense should we use when referring to a paper or experiments from other researchers?

While writing the literature review section, I am confused about which tense should I use (past, present perfect, or present) while referring to other people's work. I understand that established ...
1
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0answers
67 views

Writing a thesis: how to organize the content?

I have to start writing a thesis for my master's degree. The thesis itself is about machine learning. In particular, I developed an environment that simulate a real world robotic system and applied ...
1
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1answer
47 views

How to use “can” or “could” when referring to a methodology?

If I say "This methodology can/could be used in the research in this area, e.g. (the relevant paper)", should I use can? If no examples is given, should I use could? (to emphasize possibility?)
3
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3answers
350 views

Is it OK to use “/” in scientific writing?

For example, would it be OK to write: Many of these articles belong to School of Thought A and/or School of Thought B. What about the other cases in general just to replace "or" with "/"? E.g. This ...
0
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1answer
31 views

How to italicize technical which is explained in Introduction but defined in another section later according to APA?

I am currently writing a paper, which starts with an "Introduction" which is followed by a "Definition" section. I plan to briefly explain a technical term in "Introduction" and define it more ...