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Questions tagged [writing-style]

Questions about the tones, turns of phrase and other writing patterns that are appropriate for writing in an academic context.

-1
votes
1answer
84 views

Is PCB layouting and manufacturing process added in dissertation? [closed]

Should I add PCB layouting and manufacturing process pictures in dissertation?
4
votes
2answers
234 views

In a mathematics article, how much of the argument can be given outside of “proof” environments?

I'm writing an article containing one main theorem, with the other results essentially corollaries of that theorem. The largest part of the article is thus spend proving this main theorem. It feels ...
0
votes
2answers
150 views

Conjunctive adverbs in academic writing

As scientists, researchers and scholars, how do you feel when you read a scientific document that contains a lot of conjunctive adverbs, like however, in addition, etc? Does it sound non-scientific ...
69
votes
12answers
11k views

Is there any good reason to write “it is easy to see”? [closed]

Many academic papers, particularly in mathematics and similar fields, use the phrase "it is easy to see that..." (e.g. in a mathematical proof). I never understood why this sentence is used. Such a ...
1
vote
0answers
212 views

When is satire (un)productive in academic discussion? [closed]

I just published a satirical article, entitled A modest proposal for restoration ecology, in a serious journal, namely, Restoration Ecology, and it has a serious argument. The intent was to use satire ...
30
votes
8answers
8k views

Should I simplify my writing in a foreign country?

As a native English speaker studying in the Netherlands, I often find myself writing (not published) English papers for a Dutch audience, and I worry I'm alienating my superiors with my writing. I ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Referencing cited authors [duplicate]

This problem comes up a lot when I write text that describes other's work. to enable personalized Web searches was first proposed in [32], however in [9] it was showed to be computationally ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

Is the phrase “results show” appropriate in academic writing?

I once heard of a professor saying that it is not appropriate to say that "results show", because it is not the results that actually "show" anything, and a more appropriate way of putting it would be ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Difference between proposing a research framework and research approach

I would like to get some concrete examples as to what is the difference between saying that I am presenting a research framework and a research approach. Take the field of robotics or any other ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

How to response to the editor for a minor suggestion given by the reviewer via a formal letter?

I submitted a paper and after about five months the editor sent an email: "I have decided that your manuscript can be accepted for publication after you have carried out the corrections as suggested ...
-2
votes
1answer
105 views

Hyperbole language [closed]

I received feedback from my tutor saying that my use of “in other words” was hyperbole. My understanding of hyperbole is that it’s exaggerated language. How is “in other words” an exaggeration?
1
vote
1answer
56 views

What style to choose MLA or APA? [closed]

I will be writing an essay about Brexit and I am confused on which style of writing to use.
49
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5answers
7k views

What's the purpose of writing one's academic biography in the third person?

I see some academics – both professors and grad students – write their biography on their university webpages in the third person, and it sounds really weird. What's the purpose of writing about ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Colloquial forms (let's…) in articles

I am writing an article for a peer reviewed journal in the field of literature, and I am wondering about the use of colloquial expressions like: "Let's take a step back", or "Let's look at the data", "...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Which writing style for uncertainties?

There are different ways of writing uncertainty. The siunitx manual says "In some fields, it is common to give the uncertainty in a number in brackets after the main part of the number... ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

What's the proper way to (APA) reference a settlement agreement?

I want to reference an exhibit from the following document (it's been split into separate parts): Exhibits: https://targetbreachsettlement.com/Portals/0/Documents/Settlement%20Agreement%20Exhibits....
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Speech Versus Quotation Marks for Interview/Video Data (Chicago Style, British English)

I'm using British English and Chicago style guide. I'm quoting a mixture of interview data, and data from videos available on the net, as well as academic literature. I know obviously the academic ...
4
votes
5answers
329 views

What's an appropriate phrasing of a caveat about self-citation?

I'm writing some report, and at a certain point I give an example by citation. The citation format is such that you don't see any names (e.g. "[123]") without visiting the bibliography; or maybe it's ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

References must be cited vs. need not be cited

In reviewing publishing guidelines prior to submission to a journal, it is listed that "References need not be cited in text." This is also listed in the style guide for the associated professional ...
5
votes
1answer
196 views

How do I phrase (in my thesis) that results in an important study are wrong?

The title probably comes off wrong, I tried to keep it short. I do not necessarily want to make an absolute statement like "that is wrong". But I do need to address the problems I am facing with a ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

How can I refer to multiple equations with “Eq. (i)” style?

Assume the manuscript format for referencing the equations is as "Eq. (i)". How can I properly refer to multiple equations at once? For example which of the followings is more acceptable? In Eq. (1), ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Experience with paid English grammar and style software for writing papers?

I'm looking to suggest to our institute to invest in a paid software for helping writing, along the lines of Grammarly Premium, Antidote 10 or something similar. Does anyone have any experience with ...
3
votes
5answers
200 views

If I define acronyms in the abstract, should I define them again in the rest of the paper?

I've noticed in some papers (CS) that even if the authors define acronyms in the abstract, they restate them once again in the rest of the paper. It is like "what happens in the abstract stays in the ...
2
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2answers
79 views

Flow of the Discussion section

Some journals expect the Discussion to have the following structure and order (with some flexibility): summary of results strengths and weaknesses interpretation/context/comparison with previous ...
1
vote
2answers
255 views

see/cf. followed by e.g. / for example

Consider the following sentences: foo is bar (see, for example, baz). foo is bar (see, e.g., baz). foo is bar (cf. for example baz). foo is bar (cf. e.g., baz). Which of these are valid to use, and ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Using well-established abbreviations for new concepts in the same field

Should a researcher try her best to avoid using existing abbreviations (such as IEEE, WHO, DNA, ANOVA, BMI, CERN, NASA, UNESCO, OPCW, NHS, CDC ...) that are (well-)known in her fields, when creating ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

How to phrase omissions correctly in a thesis?

This might be a strange question, but I am currently thinking about a good phrase to use if I want to emphasize that the theoretical omissions I am making are not caused by neglect, laziness, or ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Inline referencing chapters, sections, subsections, etc [duplicate]

I am currently in the process of writing my Master's thesis using the LaTeX class supplied by my university. This class uses a document structure similar to report: Starting with chapters, then ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Do I need to cite a source when defining terms?

In my research paper, I have set aside space to define terms (each having a bullet point). My confusion is how I go about defining these terms. Do I quote a dictionary, another research paper in the ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

Is a citation typically considered plural or singular in academia?

My question parallels that of https://english.stackexchange.com/q/99886/117318, which asks whether "Gamma et al." should be considered singular or plural for verb conjugation. The top and accepted ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

More or less sections/subsections in a journal article?

When writing an academic paper, sections help organize the paper and make it more navigable for the reader. I can imagine a number of pros/cons of having more or less sections in a paper, but I'm not ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

What tense should we use when referring to a paper or experiments from other researchers?

While writing the literature review section, I am confused about which tense should I use (past, present perfect, or present) while referring to other people's work. I understand that established ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Writing a thesis: how to organize the content?

I have to start writing a thesis for my master's degree. The thesis itself is about machine learning. In particular, I developed an environment that simulate a real world robotic system and applied ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

How to use “can” or “could” when referring to a methodology?

If I say "This methodology can/could be used in the research in this area, e.g. (the relevant paper)", should I use can? If no examples is given, should I use could? (to emphasize possibility?)
3
votes
3answers
325 views

Is it OK to use “/” in scientific writing?

For example, would it be OK to write: Many of these articles belong to School of Thought A and/or School of Thought B. What about the other cases in general just to replace "or" with "/"? E.g. This ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How to italicize technical which is explained in Introduction but defined in another section later according to APA?

I am currently writing a paper, which starts with an "Introduction" which is followed by a "Definition" section. I plan to briefly explain a technical term in "Introduction" and define it more ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

How to properly write a brand, corporations in my report?

I have a lab report where I have to show my results using PSpice simulation software. I take screenshots from my screen to illustrate my results and paste those images inside my report. Below a figure,...
5
votes
3answers
977 views

Writing High-Quality Research Papers [closed]

I have submitted a manuscript to a reputable journal, the article was rejected because it didn't pass the grammar check. The journal editor also mentioned the low quality of the figures. My ex-...
2
votes
2answers
885 views

If I have a list of abbreviation at the beginning of a paper, do I still need to give the full word when I first mention the term in paper?

Do I still need to write e.g. "willingness to pay (WTP)" when there is already a list of abbreviations containing WTP at the beginning of my paper?
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Can I have two system models in the same paper, for the same research?

I am writing a paper in the field of telecommunication. I would distribute my paper into two parts. In the first (more general) part, the system performance for all mobile-phone towers is considered. ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

How to change a style guide

I'm an engineering graduate student whose high school English teachers drilled to use active voice. Now that I'm reading and writing technical papers, I can't stand the often ambiguous and verbose ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

The best way to refer readers to other paper(s) for more details

Sometimes you need to refer readers to a reference for more details about a subject. I wonder what is the best way to accomplish this. Or if there is a specific way to do it for scientific papers that ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Possessive case when there are post nominal letters [closed]

If a person's name comes with post nominal letters, e.g., John Smith PhD or Mary Green MD, which of the following is the correct/better way of forming the possessive? (A): John Smith PhD's student; ...
20
votes
6answers
5k views

How can I make the introduction of a paper more “scientific” and less “popular”?

I am a master's student about to start writing my thesis. After I wrote my research proposal, my advisor said that when I write my thesis, I should make it less "popular" (I believe he referred mainly ...
23
votes
8answers
3k views

How to improve scientific writing skills?

What do you do to write better proposals, grants, and papers? Do you think reading books about how to write scientific content is a good way to improve it?
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Why do so many researchers in CS fail to clarify their symbols and notations in research papers?

I am exploring some new research fields in CS from my unrelated field in math. Many papers I have stumped upon during research seem to completely ignore the fact that notation and symbols have ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Should I use double quotes throughout the paper even after defining the terms in the introductory section?

Say I have introduced/defined some not-so-common terms like "clock register", "ancilla", etc. in the first section of a research paper, and while doing so I kept them within double quotes. However, I ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the recommended level of detail for published mathematical proofs?

Suppose I am writing a Mathematics paper to a peer review reputed journal. I have to go from step 1 to step 2 in the paper which needs the knowledge of some well-established theorem X. Can I go from ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Presentation of Research Hypotheses (APA 6th) [closed]

How is the research hypotheses presented in a qualitative research? For example, the statement of the problem is stated this way: The study generally aims to -----. Specifically, it seeks to find ...
0
votes
3answers
254 views

Confusion about writing acronyms in section title

In writing one article, I came across situation where my section title has one long word which I wanted to use with acronym later on. Now should I put acronym in section title or repeat word in text ...