Questions tagged [writing-style]

Questions about the tones, turns of phrase and other writing patterns that are appropriate for writing in an academic context.

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5 votes
6 answers
3k views

Which academic writing style allows extensive explanatory footnotes?

I am writing an essay which involves many concepts supposedly unfamiliar to the reader. It has been suggested to me that the explanations of these terms be in the footnotes as this way they wouldn’t ...
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1 vote
1 answer
155 views

Separating citation and text inside parentheses

In the following examples, should the citation be separated by ; or ,? Simplistically, the goal of the investor is to maximise return (subject to risk constraints; XYZ, 2011). or Simplistically, ...
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4 votes
1 answer
243 views

Word for a part of a book containing introduction and background/state of the art

I am writing a book (a sort of research memoir), and it is structured like this: PART I: Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Background, state of the art, description of research lines... PART II: ...
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31 votes
4 answers
5k views

Is there a rule to rather use points and not commas as decimal separators in academic writing?

I am from Europe and always use a comma as a decimal separator. Thus, in all previous publications I have used a comma as a separator, noone ever objected. We recently submitted a new manuscript and ...
5 votes
1 answer
328 views

Shall I start my example with "for example"?

I'm trying to give an example in my research paper. The first variant: Example 4.6. For example, this expression is true: ... The second one: Example 4.6. This expression is true: ... Which one is ...
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3 votes
2 answers
67 views

reference footnote in a footnote

How should I reference footnotes inside a footnote. Do we have to have them superscripted? 6 For further clarification, see footnote 5. How should I style see footnote 5?
0 votes
3 answers
189 views

Mathematics MSc Dissertation - Referring to myself and acknowledging own work

I'm in my last week of my mathematics masters dissertation and I don't really know how to refer to my own work and to myself in the dissertation. To refer to myself I'm using "this author" ...
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
61 views

How should special terms be styled according to the IEEE style guide?

I was wondering how to style special terms (such as private key), according to IEEE Style Manual. I couldn't find any meaningful source nor any stack exchange discussion. In my opinion one of these ...
  • 109
4 votes
1 answer
107 views

Is it a good idea to omit the structure of a paper from the introduction? [duplicate]

It seems that most every paper – at least in my field of computing – has the same structure for its introduction; first comes a global prosaic overview of the problem, then a bullet-point list of ...
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Unit Symbols for Equations

This question falls in the general category of another question from 5.5 years ago with the addition of the explicit request from the reviewer. A comment from a reviewer requested that units of all ...
-1 votes
1 answer
98 views

Should tables have variables in columns or rows? [closed]

Should tables in scientific research have each independent and dependent variable be constrained to a column or a row?
21 votes
4 answers
5k views

Scientific writing: attributing actions to inanimate objects

I have always believed that sentences such as This (paper/report/section/work/chapter/...) describes ... should be avoided in scientific work, as they attribute an action (describing) to an ...
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9 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why is it that sometimes in bibliography, DOI information is added?

When I'm casually browsing through bibliography section of preprints, sometimes I find that an author will also include the DOI information in the citation. For example, I just picked a random Arxiv ...
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0 votes
3 answers
110 views

How to refer to unpublished work done by one author in a collaborative paper?

A group of 5 colleagues and I are working on a collaborative education paper. We are compiling our various unique efforts and describing them within the context of a larger theme in this paper. How ...
1 vote
1 answer
65 views

How to describe durations in text in APA style?

When referring to durations (such as 13 days and two hours), what are rules or correct ways to mention them in-text? Is there a common abbreviation such as 3d 2h or similar?
-4 votes
2 answers
126 views

Should I use `is ranked ...`, `was ranked ...`, or `ranked ...` in the awards section of my CV? [closed]

Should I use is ranked ..., was ranked ..., or ranked ... in the awards section of my CV? E.g., Ranked second (out of at least 11k students) in the Iranian national graduate entrance exam in AI & ...
  • 109
2 votes
1 answer
68 views

Consecutive sentence citation in Chicago date-author style

I am writing a paper in which I repeat a newspaper article citation. "The New York Times article discusses the introduction of the AFB mainframe computer (Stevens, 1984). During an interview with ...
  • 21
4 votes
1 answer
497 views

Should I argue why my model is relevant when it is presented, or in a later discussion section?

I'm writing my master thesis on simulation of active matter. The Chapters of my thesis are currently: Introduction, Theory, Simulations, Discussion, and Conclusion. In my simulation chapter I ...
12 votes
7 answers
3k views

What level of audience should one aim for in the introduction of a STEM thesis?

I am writing my STEM thesis, 90% percent of which is about mathematical modeling. However, I am unsure at what level I should write for the introduction. Should I write it so it is accessible for ...
1 vote
2 answers
179 views

Where to put proofs in a thesis?

When writing mathematically oriented thesis, e.g., math, cs, engineering, I am wondering where would be the most appropriate place to put your proofs. There are several ideas: put them right after ...
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-3 votes
2 answers
157 views

How to structure an academic paper using basic statistical techniques?

I am teaching a class on introduction to academic research. The papers that I've written have mostly been according to a style that I "just picked up" from reading academic papers, and most ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
61 views

Do UK Academic Journals Generally Use Formatting Styles Based on APA, MLA, or Chicago?

I'm working on an online formatting problem with a UK programmer who is not familiar with academic style requirements. The styling problem in one that is frequently encountered in APA and some Chicago-...
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1 vote
2 answers
60 views

Formatting APA Style Headings for HTML in Online Publications [closed]

I do not see any questions here about how to convert APA (or MLA, Chicago, Turabian, etc.) style into HTML (edit: styled with CSS) for online publication. Since HTML is perhaps the most accessible ...
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0 votes
1 answer
111 views

Filling the page limit with proofs Vs Neat smaller paper with dense appendix?

So I am trying to submit to a top-tier conference in AI. It is focused towards theoretical work. I have a couple of theorems which are the main results and I prove some other completely unrelated ...
  • 321
2 votes
4 answers
215 views

Replacing academic "we" in direct quote

I have a direct quote in my academic work that is from another academic work. It's something like "We can analyze the execution time as follows." I had a reviewer say that, since it's now ...
0 votes
2 answers
170 views

Is it self-plagiarism, new paper using the original paper as a template

I am writing a new paper based on my old paper. They are very similar, but different in three 1) They study the different problems. 2) The method changed 50%. 3) They have totally different ...
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0 votes
1 answer
85 views

How to mention a coding style guide in thesis or scientific text

Is there a best practice where or how to introduce a style guide inside a thesis? (Meant is a style guide for programming languages) I write a scientific text which contains some code samples. My ...
1 vote
1 answer
150 views

Main result in the first figure

I am planning to submit my paper to a journal. But as I circulate my draft paper to my student peer, one of them ask me why I put my main result in the very first figure. I was silent without any ...
10 votes
3 answers
3k views

How to write two different proofs for the same theorem?

I am writing a research paper in mathematics. I am proving a theorem. I have two proofs for the same statement i.e., the theorem. I want to embed both proofs. How should I do this? Do I make it two ...
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8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Meaning of "cosupervisor"

I graduated under the supervision of two professors, one of whom acted as main supervisor. To indicate this, I wrote the following sentence: "I graduated under the supervision of Prof. A and the ...
  • 915
2 votes
0 answers
65 views

How should I quote a translation that includes brackets from the translator?

I would like to use a quotation of a translation. However the translation contains bracketed material inserted by the translator (a gloss?). What should I do with the bracketed material since brackets ...
  • 121
0 votes
2 answers
84 views

Academic Papers - Language Translation and Writing Standards

I'm an undergraduate student, and I've been reading various academic papers for a Computer Security module I'm currently taking. Occasionally I run into papers with very strange/difficult to read ...
6 votes
5 answers
1k views

Past or present tense, when reporting results?

There are several questions about tense use in paper writing. My question is specific to the results section. What tense should it be used when reporting the results of the paper itself? "Two ...
2 votes
1 answer
83 views

What questions should be answered in a paper by sections?

I am trying to find a way to "systematize" the writing process of a paper by answering questions in each section of the paper. I am thinking of an example with the following sections (which ...
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2 votes
0 answers
127 views

What are some examples of research papers that are very generally viewed as "well-written"? [closed]

What are some examples of research papers that are very generally viewed as "well-written"? And by "generally" I refer to something which is not dependent so much on "...
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2 votes
6 answers
5k views

Do people intentionally make papers shorter in order to avoid grammar or reference errors?

Does anyone intentionally make papers shorter in order to avoid grammar or reference errors? I've pondered this, because it seems like it could be a good strategy. However it may come with pitfalls, ...
  • 729
-1 votes
1 answer
138 views

acceptance of precision in research papers [closed]

I am implementing a few numerical examples in MATLAB, and I am getting some solutions in which instead of getting exact value 0, I am getting a very small number, such as $10^{-6}$. This seems to be a ...
3 votes
2 answers
218 views

Use of casual writing in scholarship applications

I'm reviewing a scholarship essay for a younger cousin. In the essay, she has taken a tone that I would consider too "casual". I don't know if "casual" is the right word, but it is ...
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9 votes
4 answers
2k views

Should we capitalize the initials of an acronym in scientific papers?

Suppose we define an acronym in a scientific paper. Should we do it like this? (...) We call this approach the First Output Once (FOO) (...) Or like this? (...) We call this approach the first ...
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1 vote
0 answers
73 views

What is a Good Alternative to the Word "Novel" in Engineering Publications?

When writing papers for engineering conferences and journals, it is important to highlight how one's work is novel/new. I often find myself repeating the word "novel" is sentences such as: ...
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2 votes
1 answer
81 views

Should I use a uniform plot style in the charts of the same paper?

I plotted some of my charts with R's ggplot package and the other with Python's seaborn package so that there are relatively big differences in the plot style of those charts. I'm familiar with Python ...
  • 205
17 votes
3 answers
4k views

Should religious (or other kind of) titles be used when citing authors?

I'm writing an article that cites some scientific works of a religious sister. I noticed that some authors cite her works including the title "Sister", as in "Sister Surname [ref] was ...
  • 273
2 votes
0 answers
93 views

What should an academic disclosure statement look like [duplicate]

Nowadays journals require people to disclose conflicts of interest by submitting a disclosure statement. I wonder how this statement should be written. I found a lot of examples of disclosure ...
  • 121
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to include both acronym/abbreviation and citation for a technical term in the same sentence

I'm having a hard time with a writing issue. I'm trying to write a paper on time-frequency transforms. These typically have a well-known abbreviation/acronym, and also a reference for their origin, e....
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18 votes
1 answer
4k views

Rebuttal: directly address reviewers with "you"?

I'm writing a rebuttal (response to the reviewers) with a group of co-authors. Someone in this group changed all the formulations referencing the text of the review (e.g., "To address this point, ...
  • 3,573
7 votes
3 answers
3k views

When should I use capitalization in presentations? [closed]

I am always confused with should I capitalize something or not. Take the talk by Jeremy Avigad for instance, on page 8, he uses "Formal methods" and "Interactive theorem proving", ...
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0 votes
1 answer
240 views

Explaining an observation in thesis having no reasoning

During my machine learning master thesis, I came across some observation which increased accuracy of my result. For the observation, I am unable to find the theoretical justification. How to approach ...
6 votes
4 answers
470 views

Is a nomenclature section really necessary in a scientific paper?

I was wondering if a nomenclature section is necessary, especially when you have described parameters in the body of the paper right after the formula. Personally, I don't think it is a good idea to ...
-1 votes
1 answer
102 views

What format do scientific research papers use? [duplicate]

I was wondering what kind of association format scientific researchers use to publish their work/papers. Is it MLA or APA? Which is more commonly used? If I wanted to write a research paper, on, say, ...
  • 107
0 votes
1 answer
80 views

Should we mention all the hypotheses in the results part in an academic paper?

Normally, in an academic paper, we can see that in the Hypothesis development section, researchers normally raise some hypotheses. For example: H1: A affects B After running empirical regression, I am ...

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