Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [academic-history]

Regarding inquiries into the evolution and development of academia as an institution from a historical perspective.

2
votes
2answers
70 views

How to cite primary source first found in secondary source?

I have the following situation (I am in the humanities): I am writing a paper. In that paper, I several times cite a particular scholar's book. Now, in that book, this scholar cites (not quotes) a ...
0
votes
1answer
255 views

What are the implications for academia, if the average IQ is and keeps falling? [closed]

I read a dossier in a newspaper about the falling of the IQ. For decades the IQ was increasing, known as the Flynn-Effect. My question here is not, if the IQ is really falling, make up your own mind ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Which kinds of academic revolutions has philosophy of science indentified so far and when?

Recently, I had an interdisciplinary discussion with some friends about Industry 4.0, internet of things,...which brought up the question, which kind of academic revolutions apart from industrial ...
1
vote
2answers
207 views

How were the figures in old pre-TeX research papers and books created?

If you see old pre-TeX-era classic research papers, technical articles and books the figures still look pretty good. They seem to be hand drawn but with some components of computerization. For ...
16
votes
5answers
3k views

Publishing research using outdated methods

I'm currently an Economics MA student doing a referee report on a paper that employs a dated empirical method. This particular method was originally created in 1980 but then improved upon in 1998 by ...
4
votes
0answers
123 views

Are there apart from single, double-blind… review other common categories focusing choice/number of reviewers [closed]

A current question here reminded me on the Sokal affair/hoax initiated by physicist Alan Sokal in 1996 by publishing a nonsense article in an social journal. I am wondering whether this triggered any ...
7
votes
1answer
406 views

Was there ever a time in American history when humanities PhDs were more sought after than STEM PhDs?

Was there ever a time in American history when there was greater interest in a humanities PhD, say, a PhD in Philosophy or Creative Writing, than a STEM PhD? Perhaps during the period of time ...
17
votes
2answers
544 views

What is the etymology of “Assistant Professor”?

In the US, "Assistant Professor" is a junior rank among permanent university faculty. Generally, Assistant Professors are independent researchers with more or less the same job responsibilities as ...
6
votes
1answer
242 views

Name of a fictional scientist with fictional publications invented and ‘working’ at an existing British university

At some British university a fictional professor was invented in the 20th century. He also had is own office and his own (fictional) field of research, in which he published about three papers (in a ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Did Edgser Dijkstra develop his famous routing algorithm on a wager? [closed]

I'm not really sure if this is the right community to be asking the question but it seems to be the best fit. I think that I remember reading once that Edsger Dijkstra, (of, among other things, ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

When was the Bachelor degree of Occupational Therapy introduced in Australia?

Sounds like a simple question, but despite a few hours of searching, I couldn't find the answer. I would also like to know what qualification was required beforehand in order to work in that ...
3
votes
1answer
215 views

Why was Roy Fielding's thesis on REST not adopted immediately? [closed]

Roy Fielding's thesis ( Architectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures ) was not implemented/adopted immediately, was there any specific reason for this ? The thesis was ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

Were predatory journals widespread before publishers of reputable journals introduced the “author pays” model?

After reading yet another news article about predatory journals/conferences and how they weigh on the finances of labs in some countries, I started to wonder the following. Were they widespread before ...
12
votes
1answer
225 views

Have technical reports been subsumed by preprints?

As someone who has recently gotten into the research world, I read a lot of preprints and occasionally dig up some technical reports to access older publications. To me, it seems like technical ...
4
votes
2answers
339 views

Creating bibliographies, 25 years ago

I'm interested in the academic history of creating a bibliographic reference list. The time period is early 1990s. I want to understand how former researchers have done their writing. Introduction ...
6
votes
1answer
454 views

Peer-review in the year 2000

For a new paper about media archaeology in the context of scientific publication, I found an interesting topic which is not very well researched yet. As far as I know from research, in the year 2000 ...
10
votes
2answers
211 views

In recent academic history, why has research funding increasingly focused upon large interdisciplinary teams?

As noted in Derek Bok's "Higher Education in America," there is a trend in increased funding for large interdisciplinary research programs since the 1970's (Think NSF MRSEC, for example). What is the ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Is an academic degree an honor, a title, or both?

For example: Do graduates receive a Bachelor of Arts degree or become a Bachelor of Arts? Are Bachelor degrees grammatically and/or etymologically distinct from advanced degrees? I note that the ...
14
votes
2answers
6k views

May I call Samuel Johnson a PhD?

According to Wikipedia, Samuel Johnson was awarded an honorary doctorate in 1765 by Trinity College Dublin and in 1775 by Oxford University. Also, apparently people referred to him as "Dr Johnson" ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Confused about bibliography in old books

I’ve been looking at the bibliography of an old book called History Of Burma by G. E. Harvey and am quite confused. There are abbreviations introduced first like this: B Bodleian Library BM ...
16
votes
1answer
371 views

History of mega-collaborations

Curiosity spurred by this recent question: what were the first mega-collaboration papers (hundreds/thousands of authors)? Which institution/project/experiment started them? How were they received at ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Are there any undergraduate research/internship opportunities in math/science education/history? [closed]

(Apologies if this isn't the right place for such a post. I see lots of advice for undergraduates hoping to pursue research in math and science, but haven't come across anything for the "soft" stuff ...
8
votes
2answers
810 views

What is the highest degree held by Freeman Dyson?

I recently learned that eminent physicist Freeman Dyson does not have a doctoral degree. Does he have a graduate (magistrate) degree though? Or can he be described as a highly successful graduate-...
8
votes
2answers
203 views

When did English come to lead in published research?

As any modern student knows, nearly all published research these days is in English. That's just the way of the world. But it didn't used to be that way. Many of the most pivotal pieces of scientific ...
6
votes
1answer
273 views

Did conferences have poster sessions before PCs were widespread?

At modern scientific conferences (at least in my field), poster sessions are a very important part of the conference. Most posters are prepared by the authors using modern computer software which may ...
32
votes
8answers
11k views

What is the reason that once a student has passed a university course, the student cannot take the course again?

This question geared towards STEM but can definitely be expanded for courses in the arts as well. Imagine the following scenarios: A student has taken a course, but passed the course with barely a ...
11
votes
2answers
586 views

A quote that one has to be rich to engage in science?

I remember reading an article (in popular magazine I think) that attributed to de Tocqueville a quote along the lines of: To engage in science, one has to own a farm. meaning that a person has to ...
6
votes
1answer
271 views

Who funded research before 1800?

The Von Humboldt model of a university came about in the early 1800's. Von Humboldt's thought that the fundamental purpose of the university was to promote scientific inquiry and to unify teaching and ...
17
votes
5answers
7k views

White supremacists marching at the University of Virginia – does this reflect the university’s attitude?

White supremacist groups have been marching down in Charlottesville, Virginia, at the University of Virginia (article). Does this also in some ways reflect on the university itself for allowing the ...
-1
votes
1answer
7k views

Is a high school diploma an academic degree?

In the USA, a high school diploma is often considered a different kind of qualification than a degree. This kind of idea is also expressed in the Academia.SE question Is it possible for a high school ...
102
votes
11answers
24k views

Has anyone, based on great performance, ever been awarded a higher degree than the one they enrolled for?

Out of curiosity, I was wondering if anyone, historically, has ever been awarded a degree that was a level higher than the one they were enrolled in and studying for, simply because their performance ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Why older papers are more difficult to read than the new ones?

Skimming through the literature, I find that in theoretical high-energy physics (modern gravitation theories, scalar tensor theories, etc.), older papers are more difficult to read than new papers ...
3
votes
3answers
518 views

What is the purpose of peer-review in journals?

I am interested in what is the role of peer review in journals. I have read the wikipedia page which discuss much about style and criticism but few to purpose. I don't know if initially it already ...
4
votes
1answer
225 views

Why are researchers at some think tanks titled professor?

Within my own discipline one of the best examples of this may be at the Santa Fe Institute, but I've seen this other places as well. Quite simply, why are researchers at some think tanks titled "...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Looking for essay written by female pioneer in CompSci detailing her experience of the male dominated culture as she got closer to the hardware [closed]

I believe this essay is from some time ago but im not sure. It detailed how conferences she went to that progressively got closer and closer to the hardware were filled with socially stunted men. Of ...
12
votes
3answers
490 views

Are there any high profile cases of conflict of interest in research?

I am going to do a presentation about academic ethics for my class, and one of the themes are conflict of interest. As of now I have found only generic examples, such as research done with corporate ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Historic basis for Honorary Degrees

What is the historic basis and/or context for "Honoris Causa" degrees? What were the original reasons for granting these?
64
votes
4answers
6k views

How does it affect the treatment of a mathematician's results, if that mathematician was a Nazi?

I've been studying uses of quaternions to study various types of orbifolds. The important thing here though is that I came across an absolutely incredible result due to Vahlen in 1901, that apparently ...
7
votes
2answers
241 views

Why do so many publication venues have their own citation styles?

I have noticed that it seems like every other conference has it's own citation style; even in the same field, or subfield. Or at least each provide their own bibtex style (.BST) file. Are they ...
15
votes
1answer
610 views

Is there any (comparative) statistics on h-indices of old scientists during their lives?

In my country (I live in Russia) the government puts in place some reforms in Education, and, in particular, the possibility for a person to have a position at a university now depends on his ...
11
votes
1answer
250 views

When and how did journal publications start to have such an important role in evaluating researchers?

Wikipedia says that Newton published the laws in 1687 on Principia Mathematica. And in another page that: The first recorded editorial pre-publication peer-review occurred in 1665 by the founding ...
7
votes
1answer
191 views

Latin academic positions

I was wondering if there was a standard system, at some point in history, for academic positions in Latin. What I mean is that today each country has a standard system that names each academic ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Book with comprehensive description of (history and operation of) Harvard university

I really am not sure if my question falls under this Stack Exchange forum, but I am going to try. A friend of mine asked me if there is a book with some sort of comprehensive description of Harvard ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

I need resources regarding the history & meaning of a PhD

I am taking over the position of program director for a relatively new PhD program, at a college which has only one PhD program (mine). The students are generally mid-career public health types, all ...
2
votes
1answer
529 views

Has there ever been a trend in academia like the one we're experiencing with Data Science?

At a panelist event that I attended recently, exactly 100% of the current students and alumni in the room who didn't have PhDs in Machine Learning stated that they wanted a PhD in Machine Learning -- ...
6
votes
2answers
277 views

Why did most US Universities switch to semesters

I recently meet someone attended a US school still using the quarter system. I've heard several theories, the most popular being that the semester system is easier for university to administrate. I'...
32
votes
4answers
2k views

Why do past PhD exams appear more difficult than current ones?

I noticed while doing practice math PhD exams that the newer exams tend to be a bit easier than the older exams. The online archive goes back about ten years or so, but I was able to dig up some old ...
28
votes
4answers
5k views

When and why did conferences pick up the habit of giving out conference bags to attendees?

I wonder when and why conferences picked up the habit of giving out conference bags to attendees.
19
votes
3answers
885 views

How was funding handled in the medieval university?

How was funding of research done in the medieval universities?
6
votes
2answers
485 views

Why do we call a research paper, a “paper”? [closed]

I am curious to know why we call a research paper, a "paper" in the singular form...? People put a huge effort in writing this "paper" ... when you talk to an outsider (non-academic) about a "paper" ...