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Questions tagged [academic-history]

Regarding inquiries into the evolution and development of academia as an institution from a historical perspective.

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Are there apart from single, double-blind… review other common categories focusing choice/number of reviewers

A current question here reminded me on the Sokal affair/hoax initiated by physicist Alan Sokal in 1996 by publishing a nonsense article in an social journal. I am wondering whether this triggered any ...
7
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1answer
403 views

Was there ever a time in American history when humanities PhDs were more sought after than STEM PhDs?

Was there ever a time in American history when there was greater interest in a humanities PhD, say, a PhD in Philosophy or Creative Writing, than a STEM PhD? Perhaps during the period of time ...
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2answers
520 views

What is the etymology of “Assistant Professor”?

In the US, "Assistant Professor" is a junior rank among permanent university faculty. Generally, Assistant Professors are independent researchers with more or less the same job responsibilities as ...
6
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1answer
239 views

Name of a fictional scientist with fictional publications invented and ‘working’ at an existing British university

At some British university a fictional professor was invented in the 20th century. He also had is own office and his own (fictional) field of research, in which he published about three papers (in a ...
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0answers
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Did Edgser Dijkstra develop his famous routing algorithm on a wager? [closed]

I'm not really sure if this is the right community to be asking the question but it seems to be the best fit. I think that I remember reading once that Edsger Dijkstra, (of, among other things, ...
2
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1answer
35 views

When was the Bachelor degree of Occupational Therapy introduced in Australia?

Sounds like a simple question, but despite a few hours of searching, I couldn't find the answer. I would also like to know what qualification was required beforehand in order to work in that ...
3
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1answer
204 views

Why was Roy Fielding's thesis on REST not adopted immediately? [closed]

Roy Fielding's thesis ( Architectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures ) was not implemented/adopted immediately, was there any specific reason for this ? The thesis was ...
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2answers
3k views

Were predatory journals widespread before publishers of reputable journals introduced the “author pays” model?

After reading yet another news article about predatory journals/conferences and how they weigh on the finances of labs in some countries, I started to wonder the following. Were they widespread before ...
12
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1answer
216 views

Have technical reports been subsumed by preprints?

As someone who has recently gotten into the research world, I read a lot of preprints and occasionally dig up some technical reports to access older publications. To me, it seems like technical ...
4
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2answers
333 views

Creating bibliographies, 25 years ago

I'm interested in the academic history of creating a bibliographic reference list. The time period is early 1990s. I want to understand how former researchers have done their writing. Introduction ...
6
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1answer
437 views

Peer-review in the year 2000

For a new paper about media archaeology in the context of scientific publication, I found an interesting topic which is not very well researched yet. As far as I know from research, in the year 2000 ...
10
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2answers
209 views

In recent academic history, why has research funding increasingly focused upon large interdisciplinary teams?

As noted in Derek Bok's "Higher Education in America," there is a trend in increased funding for large interdisciplinary research programs since the 1970's (Think NSF MRSEC, for example). What is the ...
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1answer
201 views

Is an academic degree an honor, a title, or both?

For example: Do graduates receive a Bachelor of Arts degree or become a Bachelor of Arts? Are Bachelor degrees grammatically and/or etymologically distinct from advanced degrees? I note that the ...
14
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2answers
6k views

May I call Samuel Johnson a PhD?

According to Wikipedia, Samuel Johnson was awarded an honorary doctorate in 1765 by Trinity College Dublin and in 1775 by Oxford University. Also, apparently people referred to him as "Dr Johnson" ...
15
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2answers
2k views

Confused about bibliography in old books

I’ve been looking at the bibliography of an old book called History Of Burma by G. E. Harvey and am quite confused. There are abbreviations introduced first like this: B Bodleian Library BM ...
16
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1answer
367 views

History of mega-collaborations

Curiosity spurred by this recent question: what were the first mega-collaboration papers (hundreds/thousands of authors)? Which institution/project/experiment started them? How were they received at ...
4
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1answer
91 views

Are there any undergraduate research/internship opportunities in math/science education/history? [closed]

(Apologies if this isn't the right place for such a post. I see lots of advice for undergraduates hoping to pursue research in math and science, but haven't come across anything for the "soft" stuff ...
8
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2answers
740 views

What is the highest degree held by Freeman Dyson?

I recently learned that eminent physicist Freeman Dyson does not have a doctoral degree. Does he have a graduate (magistrate) degree though? Or can he be described as a highly successful graduate-...
8
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2answers
200 views

When did English come to lead in published research?

As any modern student knows, nearly all published research these days is in English. That's just the way of the world. But it didn't used to be that way. Many of the most pivotal pieces of scientific ...
6
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1answer
271 views

Did conferences have poster sessions before PCs were widespread?

At modern scientific conferences (at least in my field), poster sessions are a very important part of the conference. Most posters are prepared by the authors using modern computer software which may ...
32
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8answers
11k views

What is the reason that once a student has passed a university course, the student cannot take the course again?

This question geared towards STEM but can definitely be expanded for courses in the arts as well. Imagine the following scenarios: A student has taken a course, but passed the course with barely a ...
11
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2answers
584 views

A quote that one has to be rich to engage in science?

I remember reading an article (in popular magazine I think) that attributed to de Tocqueville a quote along the lines of: To engage in science, one has to own a farm. meaning that a person has to ...
6
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1answer
267 views

Who funded research before 1800?

The Von Humboldt model of a university came about in the early 1800's. Von Humboldt's thought that the fundamental purpose of the university was to promote scientific inquiry and to unify teaching and ...
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5answers
7k views

White supremacists marching at the University of Virginia – does this reflect the university’s attitude?

White supremacist groups have been marching down in Charlottesville, Virginia, at the University of Virginia (article). Does this also in some ways reflect on the university itself for allowing the ...
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1answer
6k views

Is a high school diploma an academic degree?

In the USA, a high school diploma is often considered a different kind of qualification than a degree. This kind of idea is also expressed in the Academia.SE question Is it possible for a high school ...
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11answers
24k views

Has anyone, based on great performance, ever been awarded a higher degree than the one they enrolled for?

Out of curiosity, I was wondering if anyone, historically, has ever been awarded a degree that was a level higher than the one they were enrolled in and studying for, simply because their performance ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Why older papers are more difficult to read than the new ones?

Skimming through the literature, I find that in theoretical high-energy physics (modern gravitation theories, scalar tensor theories, etc.), older papers are more difficult to read than new papers ...
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3answers
489 views

What is the purpose of peer-review in journals?

I am interested in what is the role of peer review in journals. I have read the wikipedia page which discuss much about style and criticism but few to purpose. I don't know if initially it already ...
4
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1answer
219 views

Why are researchers at some think tanks titled professor?

Within my own discipline one of the best examples of this may be at the Santa Fe Institute, but I've seen this other places as well. Quite simply, why are researchers at some think tanks titled "...
1
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0answers
80 views

Looking for essay written by female pioneer in CompSci detailing her experience of the male dominated culture as she got closer to the hardware [closed]

I believe this essay is from some time ago but im not sure. It detailed how conferences she went to that progressively got closer and closer to the hardware were filled with socially stunted men. Of ...
12
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3answers
464 views

Are there any high profile cases of conflict of interest in research?

I am going to do a presentation about academic ethics for my class, and one of the themes are conflict of interest. As of now I have found only generic examples, such as research done with corporate ...
3
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0answers
79 views

Historic basis for Honorary Degrees

What is the historic basis and/or context for "Honoris Causa" degrees? What were the original reasons for granting these?
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4answers
6k views

How does it affect the treatment of a mathematician's results, if that mathematician was a Nazi?

I've been studying uses of quaternions to study various types of orbifolds. The important thing here though is that I came across an absolutely incredible result due to Vahlen in 1901, that apparently ...
7
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2answers
240 views

Why do so many publication venues have their own citation styles?

I have noticed that it seems like every other conference has it's own citation style; even in the same field, or subfield. Or at least each provide their own bibtex style (.BST) file. Are they ...
15
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1answer
607 views

Is there any (comparative) statistics on h-indices of old scientists during their lives?

In my country (I live in Russia) the government puts in place some reforms in Education, and, in particular, the possibility for a person to have a position at a university now depends on his ...
11
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1answer
250 views

When and how did journal publications start to have such an important role in evaluating researchers?

Wikipedia says that Newton published the laws in 1687 on Principia Mathematica. And in another page that: The first recorded editorial pre-publication peer-review occurred in 1665 by the founding ...
7
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1answer
191 views

Latin academic positions

I was wondering if there was a standard system, at some point in history, for academic positions in Latin. What I mean is that today each country has a standard system that names each academic ...
1
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0answers
64 views

Book with comprehensive description of (history and operation of) Harvard university

I really am not sure if my question falls under this Stack Exchange forum, but I am going to try. A friend of mine asked me if there is a book with some sort of comprehensive description of Harvard ...
2
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1answer
164 views

I need resources regarding the history & meaning of a PhD

I am taking over the position of program director for a relatively new PhD program, at a college which has only one PhD program (mine). The students are generally mid-career public health types, all ...
2
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1answer
518 views

Has there ever been a trend in academia like the one we're experiencing with Data Science?

At a panelist event that I attended recently, exactly 100% of the current students and alumni in the room who didn't have PhDs in Machine Learning stated that they wanted a PhD in Machine Learning -- ...
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2answers
272 views

Why did most US Universities switch to semesters

I recently meet someone attended a US school still using the quarter system. I've heard several theories, the most popular being that the semester system is easier for university to administrate. I'...
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4answers
2k views

Why do past PhD exams appear more difficult than current ones?

I noticed while doing practice math PhD exams that the newer exams tend to be a bit easier than the older exams. The online archive goes back about ten years or so, but I was able to dig up some old ...
28
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4answers
5k views

When and why did conferences pick up the habit of giving out conference bags to attendees?

I wonder when and why conferences picked up the habit of giving out conference bags to attendees.
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3answers
813 views

How was funding handled in the medieval university?

How was funding of research done in the medieval universities?
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2answers
483 views

Why do we call a research paper, a “paper”? [closed]

I am curious to know why we call a research paper, a "paper" in the singular form...? People put a huge effort in writing this "paper" ... when you talk to an outsider (non-academic) about a "paper" ...
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3answers
2k views

Why are positions in math so hard to come by nowadays?

Whenever I've heard math professors talk about job prospects in academia, they indicate that the job market has gotten much tougher over the years. Is it true that it is harder now than it used to be ...
6
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1answer
196 views

Why are some journals for research papers called “review”?

There are many journals from different fields feature the word review in their name even though they are mostly featuring research articles – and not review articles, book reviews or similar. Some do ...
1
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1answer
121 views

Trends on time spent studying over the the past few decades, for students outside the US

Is there any research/study/survey/dataset that looked at the trends on the time students spent on studying, over the the past few decades in different countries in the world (aside from the USA)? I ...
42
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8answers
10k views

Why has the time spent studying declined so sharply in the United States over the the past few decades?

I read on https://www.aei.org/publication/leisure-college-usa/ : Study time for full-time students at four-year colleges in the United States fell from twenty-four hours per week in 1961 to ...
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1answer
258 views

Research that was released to the press early, which remains credible?

The words science by press conference are pretty much universally used in derision. Wikipedia has a list of results that where rushed into a press conference and later turned out to be erroneous. ...