Questions tagged [academic-history]

Regarding inquiries into the evolution and development of academia as an institution from a historical perspective.

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19
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1answer
2k views

Why did SoftwareX’ impact factor drop from 4.5 SJR to 0.4 last year?

I planned to submit one of my long-developed software pieces to the prestigious journal SoftwareX. I was preparing for this for a while and making my code ready, and was just about to submit and ...
4
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1answer
395 views

Old Cambridge examination: Draw, from memory, a wheelbarrow turned upside down

I came across the following story about the exams students sat in 1858 see page 4 here. The following questions are taken from the first examinations set by the The University of Cambridge Local ...
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2answers
227 views

Impact of W's on grad school admissions in CS theory (TCS) [closed]

I'm an undergrad at the University of Maryland College Park who just finished a computer science bachelors a few days ago. Unfortunately, I didn't realize how much I liked theory (algorithms, ...
0
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1answer
162 views

Would you consider a very short, non-standard thesis that lacks a research questions, a thesis? [closed]

I recently met an artist. He was very proud of the shortness of his Master's thesis, which was published back in early 90's and has only 3 pages! He had been graduated from the California college of ...
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2answers
429 views

Were the duration of Bachelor's, Master's and PhD degrees different in the U.S. 100 years ago?

Given that there were much less to learn 100 years ago, was the duration of degrees shorter then than it is now?
5
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4answers
872 views

Is it harder for academics to make fundamental discoveries than in the past? [closed]

In present day academia, it seems much harder to make foundational breakthroughs than it was in the past. Most work now synthesizes previously discovered results to study something extremely specific. ...
11
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1answer
389 views

Has the relation with students changed significantly in the last 20+ years?

I left academia 20+ years ago but I am closely following SE Academia (mostly because it is interesting and gives a different perspective from industry). I noticed several questions regarding the "...
0
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2answers
202 views

Are there any great researchers who are terrible teachers? [closed]

I'm curious if there's been anyone who's really good at research but also really bad at teaching - for example traditionally, Nobel Prize winners are required to give a public lecture related to the ...
1
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1answer
164 views

Reporting Plagiarism in Older research

Disclaimer: I apologize for the vagueness of this post as i do not wish to speak negatively about anyone particular on a public forum. I've been doing research on a specific topic looking at two ...
1
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1answer
176 views

Did any of the social science experiments by the Nazis in WWII get published?

I've read that the Nazi's did a lot of cruel experimentation on Jews during WWII. I was wondering if any of these studies were published, and if they still exist. Preferably available in English.
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0answers
121 views

Why is the citation system so archaic? [duplicate]

I am puzzled why citation is still so archaic for academic research papers. It seems to me that all you need to cite a journal or a textbook is three things Names of the authors Date of publication ...
18
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3answers
3k views

Are translation journals still a thing?

In the second half of the 20th century there were a large number of English-language journals published in the West that carried only translations by Western academics of Russian-language articles. ...
8
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2answers
317 views

When did citation counts emerge as indicators of academic impact?

As we know, today, citations of an academic get lots of attentions about whether his research is impfactful. I am just wondering what is the history of citation numbers becoming this important? When ...
2
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3answers
571 views

Examples of top academics who weren't prodigies [closed]

I'm looking for examples of people who are at the very top of their fields who weren't child prodigies, and followed quite a "normal" path in life (high school > college > grad school) before finding ...
3
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2answers
379 views

What is the meaning of the title “Akad. Orat”?

What is the meaning of the German academic title "Akad. Orat"? What would its international analogous be?
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5answers
383 views

Is it possible to access referee reports for investigating scientific history?

Do most journals keep archives of referee reports and would historians of science be able to access them? Perhaps after some delay?
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3answers
778 views

When did “Publish or Perish” first become a thing?

Related: What does "Publish or perish" really mean? The issue of "Publish or Perish" is pretty much an accepted reality in Academia nowadays. When I look at history, however, I see that the ...
46
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5answers
13k views

Why did it become so much more expensive to start a university?

In 1873, Johns Hopkins University was started with an inflation-adjusted $144.5 million. In 1884, Stanford University began with an inflation-adjusted $139 million. Meanwhile, in 2009, KAUST was ...
4
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1answer
612 views

How did Milton Babitt teach math at Princeton and research math, without an undergraduate degree in math?

Even if Babbitt taught merely elementary calculus, don't universities hire someone with at least an undergraduate degree in math to teach it? I quote Schoenblog.com: Babbitt came to teach at ...
33
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13answers
8k views

Could one become a successful researcher by writing some really good papers while being outside academia?

Would it still be possible today to go from relatively unknown to a respected figure in physics by writing some spectacular papers being outside the academia? (Just like Einstein did)
81
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14answers
15k views

How did researchers find articles before the Internet and the computer era?

I find it hard to write a literature review, even though I have Google, the Internet, and all free, very easy to search for information tools. I have to search for days to find a piece of information ...
17
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1answer
848 views

Why bioRxiv instead of arXiv.bio?

In view of the need of a preprint repository for biology science, why was it necessary to start bioRxiv, instead of a biology section in arXiv? Is there any fundamental difference between the two? ...
7
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1answer
190 views

Why/how APA was chosen as a standard for many fields?

My background is in mathematics where we write papers to the style guide of the particular journal, often similar to that of the largest organizations like the AMS or the MAA. I was a little ...
5
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3answers
4k views

Getting a W on your transcript for grad school applications

I am a Computer Engineering major at a top 15 engineering school. My goal is to get into grad school for Machine Learning. I have set very lofty goals and am aiming for places like MIT, Berkeley, ...
70
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6answers
11k views

When and why did journal article titles become descriptive, rather than creatively allusive?

In 1926, the article titled “On a certain minimal problem” was published. Nobody could guess what it was about, from the title alone. Nowadays, one may expect something more descriptive, such as "...
3
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2answers
144 views

How to cite primary source first found in secondary source?

I have the following situation (I am in the humanities): I am writing a paper. In that paper, I several times cite a particular scholar's book. Now, in that book, this scholar cites (not quotes) a ...
0
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1answer
309 views

What are the implications for academia, if the average IQ is and keeps falling? [closed]

I read a dossier in a newspaper about the falling of the IQ. For decades the IQ was increasing, known as the Flynn-Effect. My question here is not, if the IQ is really falling, make up your own mind ...
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0answers
62 views

Which kinds of academic revolutions has philosophy of science indentified so far and when?

Recently, I had an interdisciplinary discussion with some friends about Industry 4.0, internet of things,...which brought up the question, which kind of academic revolutions apart from industrial ...
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2answers
226 views

How were the figures in old pre-TeX research papers and books created?

If you see old pre-TeX-era classic research papers, technical articles and books the figures still look pretty good. They seem to be hand drawn but with some components of computerization. For ...
15
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5answers
3k views

Publishing research using outdated methods

I'm currently an Economics MA student doing a referee report on a paper that employs a dated empirical method. This particular method was originally created in 1980 but then improved upon in 1998 by ...
4
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0answers
129 views

Are there apart from single, double-blind… review other common categories focusing choice/number of reviewers [closed]

A current question here reminded me on the Sokal affair/hoax initiated by physicist Alan Sokal in 1996 by publishing a nonsense article in an social journal. I am wondering whether this triggered any ...
7
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1answer
433 views

Was there ever a time in American history when humanities PhDs were more sought after than STEM PhDs?

Was there ever a time in American history when there was greater interest in a humanities PhD, say, a PhD in Philosophy or Creative Writing, than a STEM PhD? Perhaps during the period of time ...
17
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2answers
772 views

What is the etymology of “Assistant Professor”?

In the US, "Assistant Professor" is a junior rank among permanent university faculty. Generally, Assistant Professors are independent researchers with more or less the same job responsibilities as ...
6
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1answer
275 views

Name of a fictional scientist with fictional publications invented and ‘working’ at an existing British university

At some British university a fictional professor was invented in the 20th century. He also had is own office and his own (fictional) field of research, in which he published about three papers (in a ...
2
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1answer
38 views

When was the Bachelor degree of Occupational Therapy introduced in Australia?

Sounds like a simple question, but despite a few hours of searching, I couldn't find the answer. I would also like to know what qualification was required beforehand in order to work in that ...
3
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1answer
281 views

Why was Roy Fielding's thesis on REST not adopted immediately? [closed]

Roy Fielding's thesis ( Architectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures ) was not implemented/adopted immediately, was there any specific reason for this ? The thesis was ...
18
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2answers
3k views

Were predatory journals widespread before publishers of reputable journals introduced the “author pays” model?

After reading yet another news article about predatory journals/conferences and how they weigh on the finances of labs in some countries, I started to wonder the following. Were they widespread before ...
8
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2answers
519 views

What was graduate admissions like before the electronic age?

On the applicant side, did admissions require the same documents as today? Also, since gathering the required documents presumably took longer (especially for an applicant who had already graduated), ...
12
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1answer
254 views

Have technical reports been subsumed by preprints?

As someone who has recently gotten into the research world, I read a lot of preprints and occasionally dig up some technical reports to access older publications. To me, it seems like technical ...
3
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2answers
351 views

Creating bibliographies, 25 years ago

I'm interested in the academic history of creating a bibliographic reference list. The time period is early 1990s. I want to understand how former researchers have done their writing. Introduction ...
6
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1answer
499 views

Peer-review in the year 2000

For a new paper about media archaeology in the context of scientific publication, I found an interesting topic which is not very well researched yet. As far as I know from research, in the year 2000 ...
10
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2answers
217 views

In recent academic history, why has research funding increasingly focused upon large interdisciplinary teams?

As noted in Derek Bok's "Higher Education in America," there is a trend in increased funding for large interdisciplinary research programs since the 1970's (Think NSF MRSEC, for example). What is the ...
5
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2answers
523 views

Is an academic degree an honor, a title, or both?

For example: Do graduates receive a Bachelor of Arts degree or become a Bachelor of Arts? Are Bachelor degrees grammatically and/or etymologically distinct from advanced degrees? I note that the ...
14
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2answers
6k views

May I call Samuel Johnson a PhD?

According to Wikipedia, Samuel Johnson was awarded an honorary doctorate in 1765 by Trinity College Dublin and in 1775 by Oxford University. Also, apparently people referred to him as "Dr Johnson" ...
14
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2answers
2k views

Confused about bibliography in old books

I’ve been looking at the bibliography of an old book called History Of Burma by G. E. Harvey and am quite confused. There are abbreviations introduced first like this: B Bodleian Library BM ...
16
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1answer
387 views

History of mega-collaborations

Curiosity spurred by this recent question: what were the first mega-collaboration papers (hundreds/thousands of authors)? Which institution/project/experiment started them? How were they received at ...
4
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1answer
100 views

Are there any undergraduate research/internship opportunities in math/science education/history? [closed]

(Apologies if this isn't the right place for such a post. I see lots of advice for undergraduates hoping to pursue research in math and science, but haven't come across anything for the "soft" stuff ...
10
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2answers
2k views

What is the highest degree held by Freeman Dyson?

I recently learned that eminent physicist Freeman Dyson does not have a doctoral degree. Does he have a graduate (magistrate) degree though? Or can he be described as a highly successful graduate-...
12
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2answers
329 views

When did English come to lead in published research?

As any modern student knows, nearly all published research these days is in English. That's just the way of the world. But it didn't used to be that way. Many of the most pivotal pieces of scientific ...
6
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1answer
294 views

Did conferences have poster sessions before PCs were widespread?

At modern scientific conferences (at least in my field), poster sessions are a very important part of the conference. Most posters are prepared by the authors using modern computer software which may ...