Questions tagged [formatting]

Concerning how to format content in academic writing.

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-2 votes
2 answers
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Can I use Trebuchet MS font for my manuscript on arvix? [closed]

I'm a high school student. I have a research paper that I want to upload on arvix, but almost all the papers I have seen on arvix are written in "Time New Roman". I understand Scientific ...
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22 votes
3 answers
3k views

Where are historical research papers stored?

I have been reading some historical papers in the field of computer science, economics and game theory. I have noticed that some of the really old ones such as Equilibrium points in n-person games by ...
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2 votes
2 answers
271 views

How to improve quality of figures after reviewers have mentioned it? [closed]

The paper we are working on was accepted and we got a comment saying "Quality of Figures could be improved". All the figures that are given have been exported from matplotlib and have all ...
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0 answers
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How to refer to a chapter in an edited book in Nature referencing style?

I am adjusting the references to a paper due to be submitted to a journal from the Nature family (Nature Communications more precisely) and I can't find any trustworthy suggestions about the proper ...
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9 votes
2 answers
378 views

Which software is appropriate for drawing complicated block diagrams in academic papers?

What sort of software can I use to make block diagrams, such as those used in machine learning papers? For example, this graph: From the paper: https://aclanthology.org/2020.emnlp-main.676.pdf
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0 votes
1 answer
202 views

Indicating an en dash in arXiv submission's metadata [closed]

As indicated here, arXiv metadata fields (e.g., title or abstract) only accept ASCII input, but there are ways of making other symbols appear. My question is, what is the "best" or "...
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1 vote
0 answers
65 views

Can I put an accepted article in Elsevier with IEEE latex format in arxiv?

I know that Elsevier policies say: Authors can share their accepted manuscript: by updating a preprint in arXiv or RePEc with the accepted manuscript But in the definition of the accepted manuscript,...
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1 vote
0 answers
33 views

Should I use strikethrough while the article revision? [duplicate]

I got an email from a reputed journal of Taylor & Francis pointing to the Major Revision of our systematic review article. As an author, I started the revision work by colouring the revised text &...
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does 'pagination' refer to page numbers only or line numbers as well?

With reference to manuscripts, does 'ensuring pagination' only mean that each page is numbered, or does it mean that lines are numbered as well? Is there an equivalent word/phrase for numbering lines? ...
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0 votes
0 answers
44 views

How are more sub-figures with letters usualy cited?

We are writing a book so we want to establish some guidelines, so I am looking for how this is most usualy done in scientific papers. What would be the rules for citing more sub-figures with letters? ...
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-4 votes
1 answer
221 views

Would it be acceptable to write a paper in dark mode? [closed]

To those who don't know what dark mode is, it's basically using a black background, and for a paper it would mean that the background is black while the words are white. I noticed that most papers ...
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34 votes
12 answers
9k views

Could I use colors to distinguish variables in a paper?

Often when distinguishing one variable from another we use different characters or if using the same character different subscripts. For instance we might use x for one variable, and y for another, ...
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0 votes
0 answers
59 views

Manuscript Preparation Format and Rules for Current Science Journal

I am interested in submitting my research work in the Current Science journal. I'm looking for the format of the manuscript. The details are there in the "Instruction to Authors" section of ...
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  • 41
-1 votes
1 answer
91 views

What format do scientific research papers use? [duplicate]

I was wondering what kind of association format scientific researchers use to publish their work/papers. Is it MLA or APA? Which is more commonly used? If I wanted to write a research paper, on, say, ...
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  • 107
2 votes
1 answer
437 views

What kind of fonts can I use for academic presentation? [closed]

Many videos and documents say that we should use Arial as the font for academic presentation. However, I think Arial is really ugly. Certainly, there are other fonts suitable for academic ...
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  • 111
0 votes
0 answers
93 views

How to deal with large figures in draft of a paper

I am working on a draft of a paper and I have large figure that does not fit into 1 page. I can split the figure into two, but I wonder what is the appropriate way of doing it. Two ways that I ...
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  • 311
0 votes
1 answer
170 views

Which is Highest Content Level of Academic Papers: Chapter or Section?

Is there a rule or common agreement on which one to use on Academic Papers? Chapters > Sections > Subsections ...; or simply Sections > Subsections > ... ? Is it the case that chapters ...
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6 votes
6 answers
2k views

Large table formatting ideas in dissertation

I have a quite large table (45 columns x 15 rows). Columns include comparisons groups and each row represents a measure. I can only think about putting the table on multiple pages but this does not ...
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  • 73
3 votes
2 answers
318 views

Where should I place the citation in this sentence?

I have the following sentence, where the citation refers to the first part of the sentence. Because of how it appears in the formatting of my paper, and how it reads, I would like to have the citation ...
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  • 39
0 votes
2 answers
167 views

Where should I place my figure if it will break essay layout?

I've been struggling with the placement of a figure in my essay (using APA style if that helps). Basically, I reference it in a paragraph that is fairly close to the bottom of the page, but probably ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
59 views

How can I include a database/excel spreadsheet that I made in a proposal?

I'm writing my thesis proposal, and as part of the process I've converted what used to be a Word document form to collect data into a database/spreadsheet hybrid. I have to show how I'm collecting ...
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5 votes
1 answer
91 views

How to number figures inside footnotes

I cannot think of an instance where I saw a figure inside a footnote in any published work, but in my specific case it seems appropriate to put one there. However, since this is a rather uncommon ...
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1 vote
2 answers
95 views

How should paragraphs be formatted in a thesis?

I'm currently writing my thesis/dissertation and was wondering if there is a preferred convention for the way paragraphs are formatted and spaced in a thesis. Would they all have indents; would they ...
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0 votes
1 answer
71 views

How should I use a footnote reference inside a figure?

I am using a figure in my paper, wherein one of the components of the figure, I need to refer to a method that I have described in a section with an equation. I want to use a small footnote reference ...
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4 votes
4 answers
206 views

How to organize lots of assumptions/equations in a math paper? (I need to refer to them in my main theorem)

I'm writing a paper. It has a lot of lemmas that are used to prove a theorem. I put those lemmas first and then my put theorem at the end. In the lemmas, I introduce assumptions (they're displayed ...
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  • 43
0 votes
1 answer
205 views

What if the value cannot be accurate to one decimal place? [closed]

I have read a lot of papers, and the tables they draw are accurate to one decimal place. But my data looks like this: 0.003% 12.736% 19.255 and so on. If it is accurate to one decimal place, 0.003% is ...
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  • 235
4 votes
1 answer
89 views

What is the name for "section topics" printed in the margins

In older publications of many languages, there are frequently printed text in the margins that detail the topic of a section of the text (see below on the left and right): Excerpt from Magnum ...
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0 votes
2 answers
159 views

Academic publishing: advanced questions about figure/table positioning

I am writing a textbook and am in the process of making final adjustments, such as the positioning of figures and tables. I know the basics: figures and tables need to be at the top or bottom of the ...
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  • 101
1 vote
1 answer
59 views

APA format - hyperlinking the citation rather than providing a separate URL

I'm at my page length maximum for my APA-style references section. Beyond using Bitly to shorten URLs, can I simply hyperlink my entire citation rather than wasting space with a following URL? Example:...
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  • 215
0 votes
7 answers
6k views

Two students having separate topics chose to use the same paper format

Two students decided to consult each other about term paper formatting, because the teacher didn't provide guidance on the format. They used the same format, but different topics and totally different ...
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1 vote
0 answers
85 views

Appendix in APA paper: Can a document in an appendix span multiple pages?

I need to put a multiple-page document in an appendix of my APA paper. Is it ok to have an appendix span multiple pages? If so, after the first Appendix A page, do I title subsequent pages as "...
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  • 11
92 votes
3 answers
11k views

Editor asks for π to be written in roman

My paper is accepted at MNRAS and in the stage of editing. There is a section where I wrote an equation using the Greek letter π as to indicate the mathematical constant π. The editor wrote: Author: ...
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3 votes
1 answer
292 views

Omitting subscripts in proofs/equations in math/computer science papers

I am writing a paper that is in two column format, and I am working on a proof that I am having trouble making readable in the two column format. Specifically, I am working with subscripts such as t-1,...
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1 vote
0 answers
141 views

Is it necessary to write proof if one can refer to the database?

I'm a final year undergraduate Math major. So now I am writing a paper about an application of Elliptic curve. You can see my research topic from this question in Math StackExchange. When studying the ...
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1 vote
0 answers
433 views

references: Square brackets or superscripts for Scientific Reports submission

In https://www.nature.com/srep/author-instructions/submission-guidelines#manuscript Nature states: References We don’t copy edit your references. Therefore, it’s essential you format them correctly, ...
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0 votes
1 answer
135 views

Recommendation Letter: the final position of a student in the class

Suppose there are 25 students in a class, where two students scored 100/100, and four students scored 96/100, while the rest of the students scored below that. The question is: Should I mention the ...
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6 votes
2 answers
217 views

Publisher has changed many terms in section/subsection titles to acronyms

I have an accepted paper which is now in the proof stage. Throughout the paper we define various acronyms, since we use these terms lots of times. For example: These two acronyms are introduced in the ...
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  • 305
7 votes
4 answers
1k views

Deciding between cursive and print handwriting [closed]

I was taught cursive in elementary school but was discouraged from using cursive by an English teacher in in a non English speaking country. At least I took his/her comment that “not many people use ...
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  • 79
2 votes
0 answers
129 views

CV formatting and writing software? [closed]

Is LaTex everyone's go to for writing a professional CV? Or are there other niche tools/packages that you use to format and write it? i.e. something like a WYSIWG graphical editor with preset ...
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1 vote
1 answer
97 views

What is suitable format to present a Psuedo Code in academic paper?

I'm going to include my algorithm as a pseudo-code in a double-column paper format. However, since lines of my pseudo-code are long I don't know if is it suitable to use the width of both columns to ...
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  • 111
3 votes
1 answer
228 views

Are there any guidelines for labeling axes in plots/graphs when the "unit" is "number of people"?

I have read the question Are there any guidelines for labeling axes in plots/graphs? and related answers and they cover the case where the unit is from the International System of Units (SI), but what ...
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1 vote
2 answers
500 views

Pagebreak within tables of scientific articles

I do not know if this the suitable forum for this question but I would like to give it a try. In my thesis I have several very long tables that cover almost one page. Because of this I am getting ...
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  • 345
2 votes
5 answers
523 views

Can lowlighting less important text improve readability? Are there alternatives?

I think many experience the following: Sometimes I want to get the main message of a paper within 10 min then I am annoyed by any less important details distracting me. And sometimes I spend days or ...
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  • 151
0 votes
1 answer
252 views

Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (AISC) template for Latex? [closed]

While I am looking for Latex template of the AISC template (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing), I could find only its word format in following link: https://www.springer.com/gp/authors-...
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17 votes
3 answers
9k views

Is Excel-generated chart acceptable for publication? [closed]

I have always wondered, why it seems I have never seen people using excel-generated charts for publishing. Is excel considered less professional/not serious? Say I have a time-series like this. What ...
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  • 320
1 vote
1 answer
114 views

Bioinformatics pipeline flow chart guidelines? [closed]

I am going to start work on the Materials and Methods for a paper I contributed to a lot in the bioinformatics processing part. I have seen some papers nowadays tend to first present the processing ...
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  • 111
128 votes
13 answers
19k views

Is publishing runnable code instead of pseudo code shunned?

In Computer Science is it preferable to describe algorithms using pseudo code rather than real code? If so, why? I've talked to a few academics who think so but I can't understand why. Some of the ...
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22 votes
6 answers
6k views

Why do some journal proofs insert dozens of typesetting mistakes? [closed]

Why do some journals change the final software and do not provide a template for the final draft(e.g. contains the same font as in the gallery proof)? I often hear that some of my colleagues get ...
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0 votes
2 answers
157 views

Referring to a result that comes later

So in writing a math paper, if I am writing a proof of a theorem and I need to refer a lemma that comes later in the same paper. What is the proper way to say that? For example if I am proving a ...
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  • 101
2 votes
2 answers
764 views

Why is the two-column format so popular?

At least in the field of computer science, I have noticed this to be a common practice. Why exactly is this done? I find it harder to read and follow.
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