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On the evaluation of work (typically, a publication or grant proposal) by the author's peers. This includes: refereeing, which is often used to determine an academic paper's suitability for publication in a journal or conference; peer evaluation of teaching skills; peer review of research grant proposals; and post-publication review of a book or article, as is common in the field of mathematics.

In academia, peer review refers to the evaluation of work by the author's peers.

This includes, but is not limited to,

  • refereeing, which is often used determine an academic paper's suitability for publication in a journal or conference,
  • evaluation of research grant proposals by a group of experts to determine which will be funded,
  • peer evaluation of teaching skills,
  • post-publication review of a book or article, as is common in the field of mathematics.

Peer review is a process of self-regulation by a profession or a process of evaluation involving qualified individuals within the relevant field. Peer review methods are employed to maintain standards, improve performance and provide credibility.

Scholarly peer review (also known as refereeing) is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal.

Note : This tag wiki has content adapted from Wikipedia, used under the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license.

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