Shall I use my university address to contact professors in other universities who are specialized in the field of my dissertation?
That is actually a fair question. (Some commenters here have possibly missed the point that for the beginner in academia even the most obvious things may cause confusion).
And the answer is: yes, you can.
I personally use my university address any time that I am conducting academic business, as, in my experience, people place more trust in .edu email addresses and web domains. Also, it is more professional to use a university email address as opposed to a personal email address.
However, keep in mind that your university likely has access to your email account, and they could track what you are saying and to whom. So, if you need confidentiality from your university, it may be better to go with another email provider. Also, some universities will 'expire' email accounts when students graduate (or faculty/staff leave). This likely won't be an issue for you, though, as you are still working on your dissertation.
Yes, of course
From the description of your question, the intent of your email is to contact with academicians within the same or of another institution. That is what an institutional email address mainly for.
Institutional email ids (such as a university email) provide an identity for the user as a member of the institution in addition to be able to separate his professional mails from his own personal email. Certain institutional email ids even give you the facility to automate term leave timings to send a polite reply to the sender if you are away on a vacation.