Arthur Small is an economist and data scientist. Small served as Associate Professor of Applied Economics and Finance in the Department of Meteorology at Penn State University; and as Assistant Professor in the Graduate School of Business and the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. He also served as a data scientist for a company that makes software systems for combatting financial crime. He holds a A.B. degree in mathematics from Columbia University, an M.S. in mathematics from Cornell University, and a Ph.D. in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California at Berkeley.