The ICMJE has developed a set of guidelines to help determine who authors should be. They say
The following recommendations are intended to ensure that contributors who have made substantive intellectual contributions to a paper are given credit as authors
The requirements to be an author are:
The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:
- Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
- Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
- Final approval of the version to be published; AND
- Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
I think that it is reasonable that authors should meet all 4 of the criteria. What seems surprising to me is that someone could use the guidelines to justify not including someone as an author that did the work, drafted the manuscript, and agreed to be accountable, by simply not allowing them the chance to provide final approval of the version to be published.
Shouldn't the guidelines include a condition that if you meet the first criteria, that you then be given the option to meet the other criteria?
Am I missing something?
Has this apparent shortcoming been addressed anywhere?