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Scope for the role of peer reviewer

For the first time, I have been asked to do a peer review. I have accepted, because the paper is well within my expertise, and I don't have less time than others.

Are there any established guidelines, checklists, etc. on how to actually do a good peer review? One might consider it common sense (just read the article critically and raise any issues), but I think it might still be helpful to have some checklist on things to look for. For example, is it my responsibility to check that the references are correct? Should I mention cosmetics ("figure X hard to read"), or focus only on the content? And if I do focus on the content, are there specific strategies in doing so?

The manuscript (draft) is a full length journal article.

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