henning
  • Member for 6 years, 10 months
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  • Wien, Österreich
How are suitable epigraphs in books found?
16 votes

...conceal all art and make whatever is done or said appear to be without effort and almost without any thought about it.-- Castiglione I guess people just know these quotes, because they read widely....

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How do I cite a screenshot from a paper?
16 votes

You don't cite the screenshot, you cite the paper. If your readers want to look up the source, they don't care how you technically copied the image into your word processor. They want to know where ...

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Is it okay to scan a book (that I own) strictly for personal use?
Accepted answer
15 votes

I am not a lawyer. This is a general caveat, and it is also why I don't know which copyright law applies: Australia's (where the book was published) or Germany's (where you reside). I would think ...

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Can my co-advisor be from another institution?
15 votes

Yes, it's common in the institutions that I know. Where I graduated, at least one member of the committee even had to be an 'external'. That doesn't​ mean the same applies to your institution. Read ...

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Can an author claim sole authorship if the hired statistician writes half of the paper?
14 votes

The statistician has a very good case for being included, but not absolutely clear-cut. The British Sociological Association (BSA) lists a number of criteria for deserving authorship. The BSA ...

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How much time do academics in fact spend refereeing the research of others, on average?
14 votes

Short answer: One day in a month. In a piece on the "challenges and opportunities" of peer-review, Ware (2011, 25) estimates the median time spent per article to be 5 hours, and the average to be 8.5 ...

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How much time should you spend on reviewing a paper?
13 votes

I take it you are asking how much time a reviewer should spend on reviewing an individual paper.* You should spend as much time as it takes to ensure that the paper satisfies the fundamental criteria ...

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Are there any online community investigations of PhD thesis plagiarism outside Germany?
Accepted answer
13 votes

I am not aware of initiatives in other countries. However, while VroniPlag started out with examinations of German doctoral theses, it is no longer limited to those. Today, it investigates suspected ...

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Can the introduction to a thesis be autobiographical?
Accepted answer
12 votes

Can this section be written in 1st person, explaining why I find this work interesting and why I was led to work in this specific area? No, you should instead explain why your reader (an imaginary ...

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How to evaluate a book, rather than a paper, on a scientific subject?
12 votes

Obviously, this question asks about reliable predictors for the quality of a book. Otherwise the answer can only be: You evaluate a book by reading it. With this out of the way: Ask around. In ...

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Is it ethical to recieve stipend after publishing enough papers?
12 votes

Whether this is appropriate ("ethical") or not depends on the applicable rules. As per your comment, the funding agency's guidelines don't make the stipend conditional on any performance criteria ...

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Why does a PhD take a longer time in some countries?
12 votes

Many factors that vary systematically between countries may affect time to graduation. Here is an incomplete list: In the U.S., grad school starts with studying for an MA degree; in Europe, an MA is ...

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Are professors allowed to participate in political activities?
12 votes

Albert Einstein was an outspoken proponent of civil rights and labour zionism. He was a critic of anti-communism during the McCarthy era, and warned against the devastating power of the atomic bomb. ...

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Is using author name in order to refer to an other research article a good practice?
12 votes

Which in-text citation handles are used depends on the style manual of the journal in which the article is published. Some use footnotes, some are numerical, and many are variants of the author-year ...

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Should we count articles (a, an, the) during word count of the abstract of a research paper?
11 votes

Articles are words, so they count.

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How to conduct research project using R programming language
11 votes

You have it backwards. First you need a research question that has the potential to improve the knowledge in your field, then you think about the corresponding hypotheses, and only in the end you ...

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How should I cite an executive order in a paper?
Accepted answer
11 votes

Here's an example using the APA citation style: Exec. Order No. 14036, 86 Fed. Reg. 36987 (July 9, 2021). The corresponding in-text citation is as follows: (Exec. Order No. 36987, 2021) Federal ...

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Was my student being disrespectful by using shouting language in her email to me?
11 votes

In your syllabus, write down the times when you are available to answer questions. If you accept questions by email rather than during office hours (reasonable during lockdown), also explain how long ...

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A specific term was first coined in a preprint but publication took many years. What to cite?
Accepted answer
11 votes

I would try this: Miller et al. (2000, p. 13) coined the term "underwater spaghetti knitting" (see also Miller at al. 2005, p. 8). Or this: This phenomenon became known as "underwater ...

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Why is novelty mandatory for a Ph.D. degree?
11 votes

A PhD thesis demonstrates the candidate's ability to perform research. Research, by definition, adds something novel to the body of knowledge. Research: The systematic investigation into and study ...

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Is it a must to write a paper in passive third person, for all types of papers in all journals?
Accepted answer
11 votes

Have a look at the style guide of the journal you're targeting. It has the only authoritative answer to your question. Having said that, passive voice is not a "must" in the sense that active voice ...

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How to stop spam from ConfDriver of TU Wien?
Accepted answer
11 votes

The "Dexa Conference" was set up at the TU Wien using ConfDriver. The website notes that "In case of difficulties please contact confdriver@ifs.tuwien.ac.at". Maybe you should give that a try. BTW, ...

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How to cite the same source across an entire subsection of a thesis?
Accepted answer
10 votes

The following section summarizes the process as described by Smith [16, pp. 14-22]. Then summarize the process, using your own words

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Providing a recommendation letter directly to the student
Accepted answer
10 votes

Having the letter of recommendation (LoR) writer send the LoR directly to the institution to which you are applying is indeed the standard procedure in the English-speaking world and increasingly ...

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"Working Plan" in PhD application
Accepted answer
10 votes

The work plan breaks down your project into operational steps, detailing when you will take on which task and for how long. A good work plan is feasible and complete. It signals to the committee that ...

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Whom to cite when describing an argument in another paper that builds upon yet another paper?
10 votes

I will use 'Johnson (2016)' and 'Smith (2015)' rather than 'Y' and 'X' in my examples: Explicitly corroborating Smith's (2015) hypothesis that mice love cheese, Johnson (2016) demonstrated that mice ...

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Is it plagiarism to copy the form and structure of an article?
10 votes

Academic writing is fairly standardized. Most disciplines follow a standard template, usually a variety of the following: Introduction Why the world needs this paper What the literature already ...

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Differences between lit review in dissertation and articles
Accepted answer
10 votes

The review section in an article is much shorter and much more stringent for two reasons. First, the lit review in an article situates your own work within the existing body of literature. It ...

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How should I interpret "English is poor" review when I used a language check service before submission?
10 votes

Unfortunately, there is not much to interpret. If the reviewers found your English to be below the journal's standard, you really have no other choice than to accept this. Language standards seem to ...

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How to cite where names are not of [firstName lastName] form, in particular patronymic?
10 votes

Interesting question. The best thing would certainly be to consult the journal's style manual or, if this does not yield an answer (as is likely), to ask the editor. Their response is conclusive. ...

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