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106 votes

Why do so many papers state the obvious?

That's what an introduction is. A good introduction will (1) start with the basics that everyone knows, (2) present the problem that we're trying to solve, and then (3) set up the rest of the paper (...
cag51's user avatar
  • 69.6k
90 votes
Accepted

Is it "vita" or "vitae"? Why?

Vita means life. Vitae is the genitive (possessive) form, of life. Curriculum means something like course. So Curriculum vitae means the course of one's life, and makes good sense. Vita by itself ...
Andreas Blass's user avatar
74 votes
Accepted

Term to describe paradox where those with less subject matter expertise can sometimes make better teachers?

This is called the curse of knowledge. From Wikipedia: The curse of knowledge is a cognitive bias that occurs when an individual, communicating with other individuals, unknowingly assumes that the ...
Dan Romik's user avatar
  • 191k
53 votes

Inclusive language: alternatives to 'parent/daughter' for inanimate objects

Sorry. I'm sensitive about such things and inclusivity has high value for me, but I don't see any issue in the "traditional" terms. They aren't pejorative. They aren't intended to be sexist. ...
Buffy's user avatar
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50 votes
Accepted

What is it called when authors trade citations?

In addition to the terms suggested by Scientist, another relatively common term is citation ring, here ring being used with the meaning (from Merriam-Webster): 7 a : an exclusive combination of ...
Massimo Ortolano's user avatar
45 votes

What is a "Safe Space"?

I think the Merriam Webster definition you reference: a place (as on a college campus) intended to be free of bias, conflict, criticism, or potentially threatening actions, ideas, or conversations ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 118k
44 votes
Accepted

What does the term "camera-ready" mean and why is it used?

From the Wikipedia article entitled "Camera-ready": The term camera-ready was first used in the photo offset printing process, where the final layout of a document was attached to a "mechanical"...
Walter's user avatar
  • 5,502
44 votes

How does the college course 101 numbering system work?

A common system works roughly as Najib Idrissi describes: courses numbered 100-199 are first-year courses, which either have no prerequisites or only high school-level prerequisites. Courses numbered ...
Mark Meckes's user avatar
  • 3,024
44 votes

Why do so many papers state the obvious?

Content space, and the reader's time, are wasted to define the basics even though the contents are usually incomprehensible to anyone that wouldn't know the basics anyways. Do you remember when you ...
Allure's user avatar
  • 131k
42 votes
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What is 'Diamond' Open Access?

Diamond open access is like gold, in that the article is immediately open access in the journal, and nobody has to pay to read it. However, in gold open access, the author (or their institution or ...
Nate Eldredge's user avatar
41 votes

Is there a term for the fact that research is done only with the means available?

In my university, people often call limitations as 'constraints'. I have heard them saying: "resource constraints" - availability of computers and machines, people "financial constraints" - Money ...
Coder's user avatar
  • 12.7k
40 votes

What exactly is "campus security"?

Many universities (both public and private) in the US have campus police. These are actual police officers who can carry guns and have the power to arrest someone or write a citation. On a large ...
Brian Borchers's user avatar
40 votes
Accepted

Inclusive language: alternatives to 'parent/daughter' for inanimate objects

How about "parent" and "child"? By keeping "parent", you are maintaining continuity with the terminology that others are familiar with, which is generally good for ...
Tripartio's user avatar
  • 9,407
39 votes

Inclusive language: alternatives to 'parent/daughter' for inanimate objects

Frame challenge: There is nothing "non-inclusive" about using the word daughter as a metaphor. Your assumption that the "daughter" terminology is non-inclusive is grounded in an ...
Dan Romik's user avatar
  • 191k
38 votes

What does 'PI' mean?

The abbreviation "P.I." stands for "Principal Investigator" and is routinely used in the United States to denote a "head of the laboratory" or "research group leader&...
Clément's user avatar
  • 4,023
36 votes
Accepted

Does "Science" encompass Mathematics?

This is a good question, but there is no consensus as to a good answer. Some people think mathematics is obviously a science, some people think it obviously isn't, and some just aren't sure. It's ...
Anonymous Mathematician's user avatar
30 votes
Accepted

What does "getting scooped" mean?

There's no suggestion of dishonesty in the word. scoop: Informal: Publish a news story before (a rival reporter, newspaper, or radio or television station). "time and again we have scooped our ...
Ethan Bolker's user avatar
  • 36.5k
30 votes
Accepted

What term is used to refer to how teachers are allocated for each course?

At University of Michigan and University of Washington, where I've taught, these were called simply "teaching assignments". If a given class is taught to multiple groups of students, e.g., ...
Nicole Hamilton's user avatar
28 votes

Is it "vita" or "vitae"? Why?

"Vita" is an American English term, synonymous with "Curriculum vitae". If your web site targets only Americans, then "Vita" is fine as a label. If you wish to appeal to an international audience, ...
Dawood ibn Kareem's user avatar
27 votes

What is it called when authors trade citations?

I believe this is unethical practice but not "officially" misconduct. There is some ongoing research on this, elsewhere. Some sources call this "citation stacking", while others call it "citation ...
Scientist's user avatar
  • 9,224
27 votes
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What is the difference between 'withdrawn' and 'retracted'?

Withdrawal happens before the article is published, during peer review. Retraction happens after it is published. By the way withdrawal does not imply there is something wrong with the journal article ...
Allure's user avatar
  • 131k
26 votes
Accepted

Is there a term for the fact that research is done only with the means available?

"practical limitations" could cover just about any type of situation where you don't have the means to do what you'd ideally like to do. "resource limitations" could cover not having enough time, ...
mhwombat's user avatar
  • 11.6k
26 votes

What does formal training in a field mean?

It means that this person has received explicit, recognized training, following the norms of the field. For instance, for a physicist this may mean having a university degree in Physics. For a medical ...
xLeitix's user avatar
  • 135k
25 votes

What exactly is "campus security"?

It can be all of the above. For example, UPenn has a legitimate, and accredited, police department, they also use a private security service that monitors the buildings and grounds, a walking escort ...
StrongBad's user avatar
  • 104k
25 votes
Accepted

Why is a professorship sometimes called a chair?

etymonline.com: chair (n.) "a seat with a back, intended for one person," early 13c., chaere, from Old French chaiere "chair, seat, throne" ... from Latin cathedra "seat"...
Peter Taylor's user avatar
  • 3,433
24 votes
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What does one call a group of similar courses where only one can be taken for credit?

A couple of universities that I've worked and/or studied that described the courses as having equivalent content. So, the prerequisites for an upper-level course might be listed as "MATH 344 or ...
Buzz's user avatar
  • 20.5k
24 votes

Is "inadequate referencing" a euphemism for plagiarism?

I think that's a rather unkind interpretation of what happened here. Books aren't the same as research articles - especially for text books, it is par for the course that large swaths (most?) of the ...
xLeitix's user avatar
  • 135k
24 votes

Why do so many papers state the obvious?

Understanding a paper is not a binary. I challenge the assumption of the question that someone who doesn't already know the "obvious" facts won't understand a good part of the study. I'm no ...
Clumsy cat's user avatar
  • 6,936
22 votes
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What is the explicit meaning of “corresponding author”?

IEEE distinguishes between contact author and corresponding author: Contact Author: This is the person who is contacted in regards to the submission during the peer-review and production processes. ...
FuzzyLeapfrog's user avatar

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