110

Think of the review process as a debate between you and the reviewers, with the editor as jury. You would like to convince the reviewers, but ultimately, you want to convince the editor. The editor has called in the reviewers as domain experts so will listen to what they have to say. But ultimately the editor makes up their own mind. It's just that the ...


89

Let's see: You wrote a paper of sufficient writing quality that it was chosen for presentation at a conference and publication. None of the peer reviewers noticed anything wrong with it. None of the people in the audience questioned it. Your supervisor saw nothing wrong with it. You gave an excellent presentation. You found a flaw in a paper that had ...


65

We do not call them "vanity journals." We call them "predatory journals." They make their money from people who do not understand how journals work. Their customers do not know that anybody can set up their own fake journal website. The person who is fooled by the predatory journal might be the author, or it might be the person responsible for evaluating ...


65

Publishing papers about psychology experiments does present an additional issue, human subject research ethics. A reputable journal is likely to require assurance that the rights and welfare of the research subjects were protected during the research. If you were working or studying at a research university in many countries the university would have some ...


55

Yes, it is a plus, and yes, you can add it to your CV. But it is (and should be) just one thing among many. It, alone, won't get you a job or a promotion, but it adds to the list of things that are positive about your contributions. The academic value will be positive, but small. The paper is more important, of course. The image might induce a few more ...


47

Excel can produce high quality charts, but it takes a lot of work. The biggest difference between Excel and other systems is the quality of the defaults. I suspect some people are using excel charts, but they have gone to a lot of effort to tidy them up. In the example chart, you will, for example, definitely need to deal with the x-axis labels overlapping ...


45

Yes. I would have a separate section of your paper entitled something like "Further exploratory analysis", report what you did and what you found, and note that until a study has been design to specifically test your hypothesis, it remains a hypothesis, but suggest that it might be an attractive target for further study.


39

If you’ve ever submitted a manuscript that was eventually rejected, you can understand why people will resort to this kind of publication. Publishing novel stuff is hard, and not everybody can do it. First there are the true crackpots who see the chance to finally tell the world about their pet theory. Friends have always told them they are really smart ...


37

One way to resolve this would be that your advisor refused to review the manuscript and suggests you as a possible reviewer. Then the editor can decide what to do. Do not overthink why your advisor was chosen first. He has been around for a longer time and is therefore more known to editors. I would prefer this procedure to a simple 'yes' to the request (...


35

This topic is treated in this answer on Open Source Stack Exchange. I reproduce it here because it might also be relevant for Academia. The Open Source.SE answer points to GitHub's "No License" page: If you find software that doesn’t have a license, that generally means you have no permission from the creators of the software to use, modify, or share the ...


35

Relax. You're not the first person to make a mistake, and people are not likely to know that you had been celebrating (besides, even if you were ... so what?). The fact that you found the error yourself is furthermore a good sign, since it means you're taking your work seriously and subjecting it to the scrutiny it deserves. Take a look at this. The first ...


29

Azor Ahai's comment about reproducibility is the most important one. I used Excel for many years in a professional but non-academic setting but gave it up when I needed auditable, reproducible results. It is extremely easy to make mistakes when you use Excel and very hard to detect that you have made them. It is effectively impossible to check an Excel ...


26

The main problem is that your impressions seem to be incorrect. (At least from my maths perspective) Putting a preprint on arxiv is just that, namely putting up a preprint. Almost everything put on arxiv will be sent of to a peer reviewed venue as well, usually at the same time (there are exceptions, e.g. when people put up non-articles such as lecture notes ...


20

The editor said I must carry out the essential revisions. Citing unrelated work is not an essential revision. Only cite what's relevant and explain in your reply why you choose to cite some papers but not others. You are not obliged to follow all suggestions from the reviewers, in particular not those instructions that make your paper worse rather than ...


17

Clarifying note: this addresses the main thrust of question regarding preprints: even in preprint-happy disciplines, preprints are not a replacement for peer-review. It's really just cultural, and in twenty years this will likely look like a silly question to a newer generation of researchers. The preprint movement happened to start in physics, which may ...


17

UTC-12 means that it's 12 hours behind UTC. That's the maximum distance in our 24 hour day clock. So UTC-12 is the timezone where calendars end. That's probably the motivation behind using it as a deadline. For example, if the deadline is January 31st UTC-12, then as soon as it's not January anymore anywhere, the deadline has passed. What's the ...


15

Yes, but you would probably want to make separate lists of refereed and non-refereed publications. By putting the comment in the latter list, you do show that you engage with academic discussion, but you do not overclaim it as yet another refereed publication.


14

My best advice is to be very upfront about the fact that 1.) You found some relations in your data that were not apart of your original hypotheses you were interested in testing. 2.) These results relations were still interesting enough to share, although the evidence should be taken with a grain of salt. Because these relations were found spuriously, ...


12

You have asked several important questions. Are Excel-generated plots ever accepted in published manuscripts? Is Excel considered less professional/not serious [at creating plots]? What can other chart making software do better (that excel cannot)? What are some examples of things that can be done to improve the sample plot provided here? In response to ...


12

You are absolutely able to publish the results of observational studies with no oversight, and this has been done before without university affiliation. However once you get into 'experiment' territory where human or animal subjects are manipulated in some way, all respectable journals require that you have informed consent or IACAUC review and approval. ...


11

In short, preprints are newer in chemistry due to historical roadblocks. Many chemists (including myself) have put preprints on arXiv for years - although mostly in the theoretical or physical chemistry subdisciplines. ChemRxiv is a new development, starting only in August 2017, mostly because chemistry journals, particularly including American Chemical ...


11

There's two different things to consider: Academic honesty - for this a citation will be fine. The emphasis here is on not claiming credit for the ideas of others, and by citing the repository appropriately you've done this. There's a slight concern here that if the code turns out not to be licensed in a way that's possible for people to use then it's ...


11

There is one other thing you can consider doing, after getting agreement from the conference committee. You can put a note in the paper for publication, noting that you have found a serious error and explaining the nature of the error. Don't bother with apologies and such, but just point out where the paper is wrong. This assumes, of course, that you don'...


10

Generally you can put whatever you like in your CV. And generally the reader will judge whether it is a real thing or padding. If the reply is truly substantive then it might be worth including it (along with links to the comment you are replying to) so that a reader gets a more complete picture of the current state of the original publication. But I would, ...


10

This is impossible to answer without reading the actual paper, but I will do my best to give you an indication. If the hypothesis is exciting and the simulation is well-executed and also gives the expected results: probably publishable. Otherwise, probably not. Given that you need to ask this question here, it looks more like a "no", but don't let me (or ...


8

It is perfectly acceptable to email your paper to another researcher, and ask if they have any comments or suggestions. It would also be perfectly acceptable for him to not reply. If he does, the reply might be something short like "Thanks for sending, looks like a nice piece of work!" If you do write, I'd recommend you do the following: Keep your email ...


8

As I pointed out in a comment this question can be answered from a lot of angles. On one level predatory journals exist because there's a demand for them. Where there is demand, someone will supply it, especially since it's profitable. One another level, people publish there for various reasons. Some people are genuine victims, but there's increasing ...


8

The Council of Science Editors has published a White Paper on Promoting Integrity in Scientific Journal Publications that gives a summary of research on authorship and attribution in scientific journals (see section 2.2 of the report). I recommend you begin by reading this material, to get an idea of the general principles for authorship and the required ...


6

Aim for what you want to say, and then see where you are. Every paper I've ever written was too long in the beginning because I wrote down what I thought was necessary to say. Then you cut to what the limit is, by omitting unnecessary words (the English language has many options for that), critically rethinking whether a sentence is necessary, etc. But that ...


6

Passion will not make you a successful PhD student. Health problems will prevent you from being a successful PhD student. I suggest you find a job that is relevant to physics. Considering your interests and the current job market, maybe a job in data science? Demonstrate over a period of at least a year that you can be successful at that job. Study ...


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