On feedback given to students, instructors, or other individuals in an academic setting on their performance.
In the majority of universities, teachers decide learning objectives and feedbacks to students. Learners have different conceptions of learning activities and preconceptions about hierarchy in education. Some may look up to instructors as experts in the field and take to heart most of the things instructors say. This is the subject of study in the field of "formative feedback" or "formative assessment".