On standards or conventions specific to the European higher education system, which differs in structure and style from the systems in North America, Asia, or Oceania. Keep in mind that many different countries, customs and regulations coexist in Europe, so many questions will not have a unique answer that applies to the whole continent.

The educational system in Europe differs in structure and style from the systems in North America, Asia, or Oceania.

Specific differences

  • The structure of the European higher education system was mainly set by the Bologna Process, which had a goal of establishing comparable, compatible and coherent systems of higher education throughout Europe, to make it easier for students and job seekers to move within Europe.
  • In Europe, higher education typically consists of a 3-year bachelor and a 2 year master degree. The PhD typically takes 3-5 years instead of 5-7 years in the .
  • PhD admissions in Europe is typically handled by the potential supervisor, not the department.
  • Some countries within Europe have other differences. For example, in many areas such as Germany, Austria or Scandinavia the title of the doctorate is also not called PhD but Dr. (name of the field) such as Dr. rer. nat. for a doctorate in the sciences.

Relevant questions

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