On errors found after submission or publication in a book, paper, thesis, or other document, and erratum (written notice of errors and corrections) for them.
Various kinds of errors may occur in published documents, such as:
- Spelling and grammar mistakes: as in Are spelling and/or grammar mistakes a cause for submitting Errata?
- Citation errors: as in What should I do if I found a citation error in a published paper?
- Technical errors: as in I made a huge technical mistake in an arXiv paper… How bad is it?
Typically, errors in journal papers can be addressed by publishing an erratum or correct (see, for example, How do you make corrections to a published paper?)
However, dealing with an error may not be as straightforward for other kinds of publications, such as:
- Thesis: as in What to do when you discover a mistake in the archived copy of your PhD thesis?
- Conference or workshop proceedings: as in I discovered a mistake in my own published workshop paper, how do I handle errata?
More serious errors may warrant a retraction, as discussed in When should an author retract their paper as a result of misinterpreted results?
(Examples of academic papers that were retracted for errors include are available under the investigator error category on RetractionWatch.)