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On errors found after submission or publication in a book, paper, thesis, or other document, and erratum (written notice of errors and corrections) for them.

Various kinds of errors may occur in published documents, such as:

Typically, errors in journal papers can be addressed by publishing an erratum or correct (see, for example, How do you make corrections to a published paper?)

However, dealing with an error may not be as straightforward for other kinds of publications, such as:

More serious errors may warrant a , as discussed in When should an author retract their paper as a result of misinterpreted results?

(Examples of academic papers that were retracted for errors include are available under the investigator error category on RetractionWatch.)

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