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Questions tagged [writing-style]

Questions about the tones, turns of phrase and other writing patterns that are appropriate for writing in an academic context.

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6
votes
2answers
15k views

Introducing abbreviations in an abstract for a repeated term

I use a long term (e.g. "artificial neural network") more than once in the abstract of a paper. Is it best to introduce the abbreviation (e.g. "ANN") after the first occurrence, or repeat the non-...
5
votes
1answer
6k views

How to write a letter to nominate an awesome Professor for an award?

How to write a letter to nominate an awesome past Professor for an award for work he has done in our university? This professor established a cyber security scholarship program at our engineering ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How to write a follow up paper describing a different solution to a similar problem

I presented a paper last month in an IEEE conference and now I am writing another paper on the same topic but the method is different. While writing the Introduction and Related Works part of the ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Statement of Purpose, is it conventional to add a small title to each section?

The statement of purpose is for graduate school application. However, from several online samples, I see that the author added "small title" on top of each section. I personally like doing this ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Is it more common to refer to subplots as a “frame” or a “panel”?

In scientific publications, when referring to a figure with multiple plots, often labeled using (a), (b), etc., is it more common to refer to each subplot as a "frame" or a "panel"? Are both correct ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Using standards proposed in another paper

So my situation is as follows: I am writing a paper related to DDoS attacks and part of my paper describes a case study. During my initial background research I looked into other similar work and ...
4
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3answers
819 views

Do I need to explain or justify sources that I use to build an argument? (Academic Philosophy)

I am writing an essay to outline one of my philosophical theories. My current argument builds upon the work of others that are in the fields of neuroscience, statistics, epistemology, and ethics. If I ...
0
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3answers
63 views

should I put this information into the reference section or within the text?

I am making an article about Information Technology, mainly related to policies, and I have a list of some solution providers with their proposals; something like this: Vendor1, Proposal related to......
7
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2answers
4k views

Parenthesis in paper title?

I am writing an academic paper with some co-authors and we are thinking of including a word in parentheses in the title. So the title would look something like XXXX (YYYY?) XXXX I have two ...
5
votes
4answers
467 views

How to improve chances of acceptance of a paper with an atypical structure?

I am working on a manuscript for publication in a chemistry journal. I find that my approach to the problem is very different to previous work on the matter. I find very hard to fit its argumentative ...
9
votes
4answers
996 views

How to decide whether I should use “we” in an essay? [duplicate]

The answers to this question promote a view that the personal pronoun we is acceptable in an academic paper. But I did not see an answer there, or more generally on this site, that discourages the use ...
1
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4answers
1k views

Can I use the mm.dd.yy date format in academic writing? [closed]

The date format is usually written as mm/dd/yy and sometimes the month written out followed by the day followed by a comma and the year. My question is: is it academically acceptable to write the date ...
5
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3answers
778 views

How to deal with low quality software project that needs to be evaluated [closed]

I have evaluated a software project which has been created by a consortium of top scientists in the field. However, the project itself it doesn't really work, and has only been developed as a proof-of-...
6
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3answers
3k views

What tone to use in the personal statement?

The guide in Berkeley states: The personal statement should give concrete evidence of your promise as a member of the academic community, giving the committee an image of you as a person. So what ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

Should I use what the professor says to me in the email as a material to write in the SOP?

So a professor agree to accept me to his lab. I guess that I should write this down on my SOP to increase my chance. The question is: should I use what he said as a material to write in my SOP? Below ...
14
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8answers
9k views

“Garbage in, garbage out” - Is it rude to call others' works as 'garbage' compared to ours?

I'm working on a data model which, I think, produces more accurate and valid results than some of previous works by others, including my supervisor, who by the way supports my work. But so far, the ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

How to structure the personal statement?

Note: personal statement is a different to SOP/research statement. Some universities require this, while the others don't. Unlike the research statement (SOP), the personal statement fragments into a ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Can section numbering depth exceed table of content depth in thesis?

I’m writing up my thesis and use two levels of structure in my table of contents, which looks something like this: Table of contents Introduction 1.1 Subsection intro Methods 2....
4
votes
1answer
298 views

Using signpost paragraphs in an article

I am writing a review/tutorial paper in the field of computer science. Review articles in the journal where I want to publish tend to be long, with in-depth explanations. Now I'm in my third section ...
2
votes
2answers
483 views

Pros and cons of paragraph-based writing

The ancient masters, such as Euler, wrote in a paragraph-based style, where each paragraph was numbered and tried to explain one concept in about paragraph-length. Nowadays, papers seem more ...
7
votes
2answers
614 views

Can a list of scientific numbers be shortened with only the final having the exponent?

If I have a list of numbers 24 x 105, 15 x 105, 2 x 105, etc. In a medical journal article, is it acceptable to write 24, 15, and 2 x 105?
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Is this a tired phrase? — journal article titles that start with “Towards a theory of…” [closed]

Many journal articles start with the phrase: "Towards a theory of...", as in these real examples from diverse fields: "Towards a theory of innovation in services" (Management) "Towards a ...
9
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4answers
453 views

Referring to non-enumerated (sub)sections of a paper

What is the most appropriate way to refer to the preceding/succeeding (sub)sections within a paper? In my case, the paper style does not allow enumeration of the (sub)sections.
58
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11answers
10k views

What can professors do to encourage properly written email messages from students?

(Motivated by https://academia.stackexchange.com/questions/55082/hey-i-was-wondering-of-your-students-write-like-this) The writing style probably [stems] from the electronic age of text messaging....
6
votes
3answers
292 views

Novel-like writing style often sacrifices clarity and accessibility, is it ok to use it in scientific texts?

In writing, there are many things one can do to make the text better. Some basic rules of thumb include avoiding repetitions, avoiding passive voice, breaking down long and complicated sentences, or ...
7
votes
4answers
947 views

Should I use abbreviations such as PDE or DN map in a paper?

Should I write PDE or partial differential equation in the body of a mathematics paper? In a similar way, should I expand Dirichlet-to-Neumann map or write DN map or DtN map? A somewhat related ...
35
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8answers
7k views

When do I use a footnote in a thesis and when do I use parenthesis for extra information?

I have one question for my masters thesis. If I have A, which is also known as B or C, can I write: A (also known as B or C) (or similar) or can I use a foonote like this: A¹ ¹ Also ...
26
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6answers
7k views

First sentence of a research proposal

I am writing a research proposal and I can not choose the right very first sentence to start the introduction. My research is purely theoretical. Let's assume I want to study a mathematical model of ...
15
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7answers
3k views

Is it bad form to use the word “novel” when describing your own work in a paper?

Ideally any research paper should contain novel thoughts, ideas, procedures, observations, methods, etc. of some form or another. That being said, is it really necessary to remind the reader about it ...
7
votes
3answers
886 views

Vertices & edges vs. nodes & links

I'm writing a paper on graphs. Personally, I've always disliked the vertices/edges terminology. I found it very confusing when I started working with graphs, and I much prefer the alternative names ...
23
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1answer
947 views

Does anyone actually publish “structured proofs”?

In 1995, Leslie Lamport published an essay in the American Mathematical Monthly titled "How to write a proof". In the essay, Lamport introduced the concept of a structured proof, in which the ...
31
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3answers
5k views

On the possible obsolescence of research paper titles starting with “On the …”

I have observed that most papers with titles starting with "On the ..." are theoretical ones, like pure mathematics, physics, computer science, etc. Most of these papers are relatively old, though I ...
4
votes
2answers
389 views

Is it bad style to use time-related adverbs (like “recently”) in academic writing?

I was going through my supervisors corrections and comments on a particular section of my thesis and I realised that he consistently removed words like "recently" when referring to literature, i.e. ...
19
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6answers
6k views

Dullness vs. going overboard: Should I be calling people 'enfants terribles' in an academic paper?

I'm just about to finish my master's in law with only my dissertation left to handle. I'm being extremely cautious with the language that I'm using when writing as I've previously been told that my ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

How to avoid “presentism” or “historical transposition” in writing papers?

I am seeking any published writing style guidance or good/best practices to help with writing a paper so as to avoid introducing the taint of what is called "presentism" also known as "historical ...
21
votes
9answers
7k views

How to shorten an article before submitting to a journal

Does anyone know a good online source for guidelines for shortening journal articles? I've just finished a paper that I'm going to submit soon, but I think it is far too long. Its current length is ...
3
votes
4answers
6k views

Is it appropriate to use the word “like” in a research paper?

In a research paper, is it appropriate to use the word like meaning similar or similar to? For example the sentence: Like in Eq.(2), we will substitute y in Eq.(6) to simplify the equation.
55
votes
8answers
4k views

Can cited works hold grammatical positions in sentences?

Though I read this style quite often, I was recently told unambiguously by a reviewer that I was NOT supposed to use citations "as if they are objects in a sentence." The following sentence is an ...
1
vote
4answers
408 views

How to formulate in academic writing when one comes up with a novel approach

In my project work I came up with a new method for solving a certain problem which has not been used before, by extending an already existing approach. What type of wording should I use in academic ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

In APA, how should stylized business names be capitalized?

Numerous companies stylize their names or the names of products: adidas, eBay, iPhone...how should these be written (in APA style)? The pair of adidas shoes lasted longer than the pair from Nike. vs....
0
votes
4answers
4k views

Where should I put the “Definition of concepts” section in a Research Paper

I'm writing a research paper and there are some concepts which I think would help a reader to understand the study better. However, I'm not sure where to put this section. Should I put it right after ...
3
votes
2answers
728 views

PhD thesis - Names of appendices

I'm writing my PhD thesis (math) and struggling to find titles for the appendices. The thesis has three main chapters and for each one there is an appendix that contains some proofs that did not ...
0
votes
1answer
222 views

With what style should I write to a Board Of Examiners?

I have to make an appeal to a Board of Examiners regarding a progress issue, and I'm stuck with which style to write in. I wrote my appeal with a slightly personal tone, since it is a personal letter ...
15
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5answers
3k views

Is it bad form to use the word exciting in a paper, when discussing other people's results?

When writing a paper with a collaborator, they didn't like that I used the word "exciting" in the abstract since they said that they don't like when people use personal personal qualifiers in writing ...
0
votes
1answer
558 views

Humorous or famous dictum as motto for a scientific text - is it appropriate? [duplicate]

Every once in a while I stumble upon a scientific book or article with a «motto», that is, a brief aphorism or short humorous stanza at the beginning, usually separated by its layout from the body of ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Top-down vs Bottom-up approaches in describing an algorithm in a research paper

When writing a (computer science) research paper, I have to describe my method in term in pseudocode. Because of readability and reusability, I want to break my method into smaller pieces. However, I ...
4
votes
4answers
145 views

How to title a report on a project that is not final

I thought about posting this in English.SE, but since it occurs in a university setting, I decided to post here - hopefully it's on-topic. I have been working on a project that is being transitioned ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

In APA style, How should rough financial numbers be written?

If I have approximately five million dollars, should it be written as such? Or is one of the following more appropriate? 5 million dollars $5 million $5,000,000 4.31e stipulates: Use numerals to ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

In APA style, what is the appropriate way to differentiate between two organization divisions that both have the word “and” in their names?

I am writing a paper in APA style. I am attempting to list two organization divisions of a library: Information Technology and Technical Services Academic Outreach and Services How do I write and/...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

The difference in writing style between a book chapter and article in a journal

My discipline is educational technology and I have been invited to submit a book chapter about integrating technology in my region. I published many articles in top refereed journals, but not sure ...