Questions tagged [united-states]

On standards or conventions specific to the United States higher education system, which differs in structure and style from the systems in other parts of the world.

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14
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2answers
11k views

Is it okay to scan a book (that I own) strictly for personal use?

I have a physical book from an Australian publisher which is nearly a thousand pages long, so it's quite hard to carry around with me. It is a book of worked solutions for a math textbook. It has no ...
7
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2answers
6k views

What are assistant professors called in North America?

We've had discussions on this site about the German tradition of Prof. Dr., but I'm unclear on how it maps over to the North American academy. My question, therefore, is whether a North American ...
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8answers
97k views

How to convert Italian grades to American and U.K system?

I just graduated in aeronautical engineering (master of science) at the Polytechnic of Milan. In the Italian university system, students who finish their major get a final grade that that goes from 66 ...
4
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1answer
4k views

Are Indian assistant professors eligible for tenure-track positions in the US?

Suppose an assistant professor from a reputable Indian university wants to apply for tenure-track positions in the United States. Would he or she have any chance? Assume that his or her publication ...
26
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3answers
3k views

Grading system: Why A-F and not E?

Why do we use F for failing on an otherwise arbitrary alphabetic grading scale? Isn't E just as meaningful for failing as A is for excellent? I'm more interested in a response on the history of how ...
26
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2answers
5k views

Thanking a "shepherd" in acknowledgments

I often find in many conference papers submitted by US research groups that paper writers would thank their "shepherd" in the acknowledgment section. What is the exact contribution of a "shepherd" to ...
23
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1answer
533 views

What exactly are academic librarians?

My apologies for the title of this question, but I didn't know how to turn it. The fact is this is actually a set of many small questions. I have completed my postgraduate studies in France where, ...
21
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5answers
6k views

How does the government shutdown in the United States affect research projects at universities and national labs?

Has federally funded research at universities and work done at the national labs in the United States been halted due to the government shutdown? If so, what typically happens then? Do researchers ...
16
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4answers
22k views

Is this statistic about how many Latinos/Hispanics have a PhD in the USA correct?

According to Ileana Freytes-Ortiz, < 2% of people in the US have a #phd Of those, 6.5% are Hispanic By defending my PhD yesterday, I just became part of the 0.13% in the US that is #...
10
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3answers
721 views

Should I mention about my governmental-funded PhD scholarship which I don't want to use

This might sound odd, yet here is my story. I was lucky to get governmental scholarship (GSch) for 4-5 years of PhD to study abroad. But It requires student to work as Assistant Professor in a ...
8
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2answers
1k views

What is the promotion rate of professors in United States?

I'm writing an essay, and want to know the promotion rate and average duration from assistant professor to associate professor and associate professor to professor in recent years. Sadly I don't know ...
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4answers
4k views

Why do many PhD programs expect a higher average physics GRE score for international students than US students?

Browsing various PhD admissions programs, I consistently find that there is a higher expectation of international students on the physics GRE for admission. For example, at UT Austin, the average ...
7
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3answers
419 views

What "Applicant Confidential Data Form" has to do with tenure-track positions?

The data collected using "Applicant Confidential Data Form" will be used by US-based universities to monitor University’s Affirmative Action/Equal Employment Opportunity Programs as required by the US ...
6
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2answers
6k views

What are the equivalencies between the higher education in France (Licence - Master - Doctorat) and the higher education in the United States?

In France the higher education is like this: 3 years of "Licence" 2 years of "Master" 3 years of "Doctorat" But what about in the United States? I heard that they have things called "undergraduate",...
4
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3answers
16k views

Can I be admitted to a master's in the USA after a 3-year European bachelor's program?

I am an Indian citizen and I'm planning to go for my bachelors to Germany. Since schooling in Germany is 13 years in length, I'll study 1 year in India before going there. I wanted to ask that after ...
1
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2answers
344 views

Focusing on GRE, subject GRE, TOEFLS, IELTS before applying?

Applying to the US: I just finished my master's in mathematical finance. I want to apply for a PhD in math (but not in mathematical finance). Can I start applying this year while studying and taking ...
22
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6answers
10k views

What does an industry recruiter want to know my Ph.D. GPA for? [closed]

What are the potential motives for an industry recruiter to want to know your PhD GPA? Does this imply the position is more of an office drone position than a pure research position?
21
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2answers
32k views

Answer to "Will you be able to provide proof of your identity and employment eligibility if you are hired"?

I am an European citizen applying for some academic jobs in US. I have some doubts on one question I have to answer during the application process 1) Are you presently legally authorized to work in ...
18
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5answers
8k views

What are the perks of being a tenured professor at U.S. universities, besides having academic freedom?

For instance, one of my professors went to Princeton (for his undergrad math degree) for free, because his parents are tenured faculty at Princeton. Is such a benefit available to tenured faculty at ...
17
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2answers
1k views

What is a better point in an academic career to move to the U.S.: as an assistant professor or after tenure?

I am starting my second academic year as an assistant professor at a university in Europe. I'd like to move back to the US at some point in the near future. If I stay at my current university for 2 or ...
10
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2answers
688 views

Do US universities publish an official definition of what constitutes a particular race/ethnicity in the context of scholarships or admissions?

As an example, let's say someone with 1/16 of African American heritage applies for a minority scholarship and claims themselves as African American. Would they be rejected, all other factors being ...
9
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4answers
925 views

What should I do now to go ahead and restart my aspirations to become an appropriate candidate for a Ph.D. program?

According to Dr. Daniel G. Amen, each person has his personal definition of success. Therefore, you can't argue with anyone regarding their personal definition of success. My personal definition of ...
9
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3answers
2k views

Are Doctor of Arts (D.A.) degrees in math taken seriously?

Morris Kline's Why The Professor Can't Teach mentions many problems in current mathematical education in university. The author said the Doctor of Arts (D.A.) in Mathematics was created to solve ...
8
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3answers
2k views

How should I address a potential FERPA violation by a professor?

In the United States, federal law prohibits professors from releasing any student's grades to any party other than the student and any party whom the student authorizes to receive the grades. One of ...
6
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2answers
576 views

Does a student who graduated from a lower-ranking school in a developing country be admitted to a graduate school in a western country?

Most colleges in developing countries are sub-par by western academic standards. In one developing country, for example, professors are not obliged by law or by their institutions to pursue a doctoral ...
6
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1answer
379 views

Differences among Doctoral Degrees/titles

I have two colleagues who hold doctoral degrees. They are moving to the US within the next couple months. Both of their doctoral diplomas, one from Europe and the other from South America, literally ...
5
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4answers
978 views

What would a good written policy for scaling exam grades look like?

I'm not in the habit of scaling exams, although I'm aware that the practice is widespread and highly recommended in some circles (such as grading on a curve). To my recollection, none of my college ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Getting faculty position in the US: after Postdoc in the US or Lecturer in the UK?

I am a postdoc in a US university (Rank A, edit: R1). I tried to get an academic faculty position in the US, but was unsuccessful. I got an offer (lecturer in the UK system) from the UK university (...
4
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3answers
740 views

Emails being ignored by University

I am a graduate student in the U.S., specifically California although I am not sure it matters. After three months in the American university system I am almost convinced there is an organizational ...
4
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1answer
379 views

Is it appropriate to ask professors at which schools their recommendation letters have more power?

Usually in United States, three letters of recommendation are required by graduate schools but some applicants might ask more than more than three professors (say five) for letters. In this situation, ...
3
votes
3answers
286 views

Emailing potential supervisors in the US before submitting application

I'm applying to PhD programs this year. How common is it to email potential supervisors before submitting my application, asking if they have a spot available? Could this improve my chances of ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Mention a specific potential adviser and project in the PhD statement of purpose

I am writing my statement of purpose for my Ph.D. and I want to work in a specific field with a specific professor in the department that I am going to apply for and I have a very good experience in ...
1
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0answers
108 views

What protections exist in the European Union against discrimination in an educational institution?

For those who aren't familiar with it, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act ("504" for short) is the U.S. law that protects the civil rights of students with disabilities at institutions that receive ...
117
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6answers
19k views

What should I do after advisor got upset when I expressed "belief in evolution" and then said he couldn't add me to his research team?

A bit of background: I am a graduate student working towards my Masters in physics. During this summer I signed up for some classes that are somewhat outside my main focus of study. For instance, ...
115
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12answers
26k views

Why do Americans care so much about recommendation letters?

In Europe, we judge students based on their work and abilities. How are their grades? Do they have relevant work experience (TA/RA, maybe part-time industry work, etc)? What projects have they done? ...
214
votes
9answers
33k views

Professor creates assignment making students advocate for a bill being presented to Congress. Is this legal?

I attend a public university in Kentucky (USA). My professor has assigned an advocacy assignment that requires students to write three letters of support for a certain House bill that will soon be ...
94
votes
8answers
15k views

How do I talk about my abusive former advisor if people ask?

I was just at a conference where I met another grad student who - upon learning about my specialization and university affiliation - excitedly asked me if I knew Dr. -- and if he was my advisor (she's ...
114
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9answers
15k views

Asking questions in class: how can I "exit" a Q&A when I haven't really understood?

I'm an undergrad and I tend to learn better when I understand the concepts behind things instead of rote repetition. As a result of this, I often have questions. There are times when I don't ...
42
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8answers
11k views

Why has the time spent studying declined so sharply in the United States over the the past few decades?

I read on https://www.aei.org/publication/leisure-college-usa/ : Study time for full-time students at four-year colleges in the United States fell from twenty-four hours per week in 1961 to fourteen ...
80
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13answers
33k views

How to deal with an inappropriate greeting in an email?

I'm relatively new to teaching (I was just hired as a tenure-track English professor at a local community college and have been teaching for just about 2 years). I recently received an email from a ...
55
votes
12answers
14k views

What to do with students coming to office hours asking to check their homework?

As a teaching assistant (TA), how to handle the situation where a student comes to office hours asking to check their homework? I.e. the student hands in their solution to the homework and ask the TA ...
91
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13answers
33k views

How to react to a student proselytising during office hours?

A few weeks ago, a student asked me during my office hours whether I was religious or not. More specifically, he asked whether I believed in his religion, and was visibly disappointed when I replied ...
43
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8answers
4k views

Is there any way to pressure textbook publishers to reduce price?

I am an instructor in a medium-sized state school in the USA. The price for the textbook to the introductory math course that I teach just increased. Again. A new, paperback copy costs 170 USD. I want ...
12
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5answers
2k views

Options other than the NSF for PhD level grants?

There is a big push in the PhD program I'm headed into for candidates to apply for NSF grants (in fact, one of the required classes for the first year is a class on writing grant proposals, and as a ...
36
votes
10answers
32k views

Does two lines of copied code constitute plagiarism?

I copied (and failed to cite) two lines of code from the OpenJDK source for an undergraduate Data Structures project. Yet, the code comparison shows an alarming amount (40%) of similarity. Here is the ...
103
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7answers
22k views

Professor falsely accusing me of cheating in a class he does not teach, two months after end of the class. What precautions should I take?

I'm a domestic student in the US at a medium-sized state school. Despite my poor English, it's my first language. A few months ago, I finished a class on web development. My final submission was a ...
10
votes
2answers
7k views

How common are interviews for Computer Science PhD programs?

I am applying for admission to several CS PhD programs (in the US), and I am just wondering how common it is for schools to request interviews with the candidates. I will be out of the country for ...
25
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5answers
3k views

Why do American universities receive lots of endowments?

The amount of endowments that American universities receive is much more than European counterparts. Why alumni of American universities and other people have such a big desire to donate money to ...
9
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3answers
30k views

How much are taxes for a postdoc in the United States?

I'm being offered a postdoc position at Penn State University. The recent rise in salary sounds good (about 4000$/month), but I wonder taxes may be not included. Any help?
39
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8answers
8k views

Is Relocating Necessary in Academia?

Despite experiencing a lot of drama and negativity at my university, I love my city and hate the idea of relocating. Sometimes I even think of reapplying there just so I could stay in this city (this ...