Questions tagged [research-misconduct]

On distortion of the research and/or research publication process through dishonest or otherwise unethical behavior. Includes (but is not limited to) issues such as fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, violation of ethical standards related to human subjects research, and theft of intellectual property.

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When citing your own work on a grant application, is it acceptable to change the order of authors so that your name appears first?

I review a grant application. One of the applicants, Author B, has published an article in a high impact journal as joint first author with Author A (Author A is not in the grant application). In the ...
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8 votes
3 answers
541 views

My "in review" article appeared online on ResearchGate - uploaded by a reviewer

My team submitted an article to an MDPI journal 7 weeks ago. The manuscript quickly went into peer review. After a few weeks, MDPI contacted us and asked us to provide a list of potential reviewers. ...
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1 vote
2 answers
474 views

Are there any international standards, laws, or governing bodies that deal with allegations of plagiarism?

Consider a case of plagiarism like this one. The allegation in this case led to formal investigations, articles being retracted, and researchers being sanctioned. Who is the responsible body for ...
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2 votes
1 answer
217 views

How long does it usually take for journals to resolve 'expressions of concern'?

The 'expression of concern' in question is this one. It says: The journal and publisher have been alerted to concerns about this article, and an investigation is in progress. In the interim, we alert ...
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0 votes
2 answers
459 views

Not citing the methods in the grant proposal [closed]

Last year, I wrote a proposal for DFG, a German body funding, with my colleague and we got money to hire three PhD students on my side, and two on my colleague’s side in another university. In the ...
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21 votes
3 answers
5k views

Is it ethical to reconstruct a dataset without permission?

I have reached out to a researcher about using their dataset from a paper published 20+ years ago, but they have not responded to my email. There are a variety of reasons why they might have not ...
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1 vote
1 answer
282 views

What can I do when my coauthors submit a paper which uses our in-progress coauthored work?

Background: My coauthors and I have been writing a paper together for quite some time. The project has not been the main focus of anyone in the group for the longest time, so it has been going very ...
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-3 votes
2 answers
169 views

Does an institution commit misconduct if it gives a low-quality online course to its graduate students?

I'm a graduate student in Physics. The past semester was online due to the current situation. We had a particular course named "Workshop course" which is about the metal shop where usually ...
43 votes
4 answers
6k views

Authorship of a student who published separately without permission

My co-authors and I are preparing to submit a manuscript and have a problem regarding authorship. Several months ago, a grad student on the project became upset and quit. We just discovered that, ...
3 votes
4 answers
796 views

Is data falsification in undergraduate courses bad?

I remember that I had a course in college called "Integration Project" and we had to do surveys, I went to the local mall to do surveys to people, everything fine. Then I discovered that my ...
58 votes
9 answers
19k views

My PhD advisor sent me a plagiarized draft

While working on a paper, my PhD advisor (at a prestigious school, if that matters) sent revisions that included three pages plagiarized from a book. Thankfully I caught this before the paper was ...
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14 votes
4 answers
4k views

Are you allowed to do scientific research on a mental disorder, if you have said mental disorder, and it is not registered in the DSM-5?

I have symptoms of a mental health disorder not registered in the DSM-5 called 'maladaptive daydreaming disorder'. In order for this to be able to get into the DSM-5, more research needs to be done on ...
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

What should I do if I find a mistake after I submitted the camera-ready paper?

I recently got one paper accepted. Then I added one paragraph given the reviewers' comments and run more experiments for this section. The problem is that I don't have much time to run the experiments ...
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23 votes
7 answers
8k views

Plagiarism and exclusion from a master's program?

I am an EU student studying for my MBA in Germany. I have been a top student throughout the year. However, my thesis (24% supposedly plagiarized text) and the last two assignments (55% and 56%) have ...
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2 votes
1 answer
221 views

Should I ask for my thesis to be cited?

I face the following problem: I have done my Bachelor thesis at an organisation (in 2019), where I had a contact point (CP) who supplied me the data, did some brainstorming with me and read the final ...
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

The dean of a faculty is forcing people to include his son's name in academic researches

This post does not include me, but recently, it came to the attention of many on a social media platform that a recently graduated doctor had made a claim that "the dean of faculty of medicine&...
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Ignoring referee reports [duplicate]

Let's consider the following situation: Author A submits a paper to a journal. Referee B writes a critical referee report and recommends rejection. Author A then resubmits the same paper to another ...
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5 votes
1 answer
497 views

Research on gender and academic misconduct

In professor David Shanks' talk "Does social science tell the truth? (2016)" at 15:14 he claims that there is an apparent gender bias among his examples of people that have committed ...
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63 votes
13 answers
12k views

How to handle one's own academic misconduct, long after it occurred?

I got my PhD in data engineering in 2014 from a reputed university in a developed country. I am now an associate professor in a well-reputed university. Between my PhD and my current position, I took ...
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3 votes
1 answer
136 views

How to deal with force citations by organizers

I have seen organizers of different workshops in machine learning making it mandatory to cite their papers. This is totally fine if it is base paper or paper describing the dataset. But sometimes they ...
3 votes
1 answer
501 views

What are indicators that someone has a ghost writer? [closed]

After reading about paper mills, and knowing that there are companies that offer ghostwriting for bachelor theses, at least in Switzerland and Germany, I asked myself if there are methods to detect ...
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5 votes
1 answer
378 views

Allegation of Academic Misconduct

I completed my dissertation a few weeks ago, and submitted it the night before it was due and thus did not check it on turnitin etc for similarity reports. However, on Friday night I received an e-...
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1 vote
4 answers
393 views

Is using synthetic datasets in sciences the same as using fake data? [closed]

Sometimes, there are good reasons to use synthetic data in research. In my case I am using data from Synthea, a program that simulated patient data including medications, names and addresses. I know ...
0 votes
1 answer
127 views

Writing a commentary about a paper from a collaborator -- is it research misconduct?

I want to write a commentary (for a journal) about a paper a collaborator has published. Is there a conflict of interest? Is it research misconduct if I write the commentary?
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11 votes
3 answers
9k views

I have egregiously sloppy (possibly falsified) data that I need to correct. How should I go about this?

Several years ago, I did a summer project as an undergrad with a PI not at my undergrad institution (I'm in grad school now). Now, the project is finished and he wants to publish it with data that I'...
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11 votes
3 answers
2k views

How does peer review detect cheating when replicating a study isn't an option? [duplicate]

Disclaimer: This is the third incarnation of my question because the previous two have met with silence. Adapted to this site: For a scientific study to be accepted as "truth" the standard ...
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8 votes
4 answers
2k views

What should one do with his/her manuscript after some sort of academic misconduct

This happened in my group. One of the master students in our group had a manuscript derived from her thesis, and the manuscript was planned to publish with she and her advisor (who is the PI of our ...
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24 votes
6 answers
4k views

Reviewing article and bad-faith citation

I did my PhD topic in mechanical engineering. A decade later, I agreed to review an article on the exact same topic, that has a great number of similarities with mine. OK, that can happen. The authors ...
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2 votes
3 answers
419 views

Re-applying to medical school after misconduct

I am a nontraditional applicant for medical school and wanted to ask questions about my application here. I was previously enrolled in another MD program. I had an undiagnosed disability that resulted ...
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2 votes
1 answer
744 views

What to do if accused of cheating/misconduct at university? [closed]

This question is written to serve as a canonical question that is asked repeatedly on Academia.SE (see e.g., here, here, here, here, here, here and here.) The purpose of this question is to act as a ...
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27 votes
7 answers
7k views

How to prove episodes of academic misconduct?

My former PhD supervisor asked me different times to produce false results, including complete fabrication from scratch of otherwise non-existent results. I always managed to get away from that and I ...
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7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Submitting article to journal where I committed misconduct

I am interested in submitting an article to a journal that has previously identified misconduct from me. The misconduct occurred several years ago and was caused by a disability. How should I proceed ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
271 views

How should I respond to an offer to pay a bribe for authorship fraud?

I received an email: I write this letter on behalf of authors seeking to co-publish. We have seen your previous works and they were considered to be of high quality. Therefore, I offer you a co-...
14 votes
4 answers
1k views

Are there academic institution-specific equivalents to attorneys (a professional who assists in navigating conduct and justice systems)?

There's an interesting question over at Law.SE on the possibility of suing a university over what the OP saw as unfair disciplinary practices. I have often wondered... Is there a type of professional ...
5 votes
2 answers
180 views

What distinguishes acceptable use of a preprint server from unacceptable dual publication?

In answering this question, I wondered: Many fields are now beginning to embrace preprint servers such as arXiv. Typically, authors upload a manuscript to the preprint server at the same time as they ...
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12 votes
3 answers
6k views

My advisor cited her colleague's papers in her own methodology even though she did not use those methods. Does this qualify as scientific misconduct?

I'm currently working on my MSc thesis under a PhD candidate's supervision. She has very recently published a paper as first author in a well-known journal where she claims to have followed ...
1 vote
0 answers
107 views

How to deal with plagarism from a colleague at another institution?

I'm wondering if anyone has any ideas for how I can approach an ongoing situation. 4 years ago, when I was in the second year of my PhD I attended a conference and, in the normal course of things, I ...
29 votes
5 answers
35k views

What are the criteria for degree revocation?

I was awarded a degree from a reputable college or university. For what reasons could my degree be revoked after the fact? Should I be worried? Note to readers: This is a special community wiki '...
0 votes
3 answers
445 views

How to report a misconduct in methods in an article published by a top journal anonymously?

I found a potential wrong application of machine learning validation methods in one paper recently published in Nature Energy, which is the best energy journal (>50 impact factors). The authors ...
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14 votes
8 answers
9k views

Is it a scientific misconduct to change a variable or a function name when citing a math paper?

Is it a scientific misconduct to change a variable or a function name when citing a math paper? The standard name of a function is S, but the author called it E. I want to cite his work, while I use ...
2 votes
0 answers
154 views

How to convince co-authors it is unethical to include false research citations in "working paper" being submitted to a conference?

I'm third co-author on a paper that was re-submitted for publication after primary author redid data analyses when I discovered that our original data had been significantly flawed. A month or so ...
-1 votes
2 answers
128 views

Review articles - Would it be plagiarism or misconduct if "implication" not added?

To write a review, does the author must find some "implication" over the papers it based on? Example-1: Suppose author 1 has a theory or a proposal or framework but the language is unclear, not very ...
3 votes
2 answers
230 views

Photoshopping label onto graph

For a project, I noticed really around an hour or so before my deadline was due that some of my graphs lacked units when I labeled the axes. In the interest of time, I decided to add units to the ...
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34 votes
2 answers
6k views

What is the best way to publicize the existence of a fraudulent journal?

Earlier this year, I was anonymously informed of the existence of a fraudulent journal, Reactive Oxygen Species. When I investigated, I found that the "Editorial Team" of "international experts" ...
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11 votes
3 answers
2k views

My paper was retracted – how can I handle this in my future career?

In September 2016 I saw a PhD advertisement in a forum. I emailed the advertiser and he sent me a half-baked draft of a research project and told me that if I want this position I would need a first-...
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61 votes
11 answers
17k views

Is this violation of academic integrity if I ask a question on Github public repository and post it as an issue?

Recently, I asked a question on a public Github repository about a formula that is used in the code that is hosted on that public repository. Basically, if you are familiar with Github, you can create ...
9 votes
4 answers
2k views

A paper was published with material from my thesis without my knowledge: Correction or Retraction?

I have completed M.tech and submitted my thesis. A year later I realized my thesis was used to publish an article which was a replica of a section of the thesis. Even the values were the same. I was ...
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59 votes
2 answers
16k views

My friend listed my name as a co-author on two journal papers without my permission

Recently, I found that my friend published two journal papers. He listed my name as a co-author without my permission. He used to send me a draft of the 1st paper, and wanted to add me as a co-...
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29 votes
1 answer
6k views

My human subjects research is "exempt" under US regulations. Does that mean I can skip ethics review?

This question was inspired by some wrong information on this site. Human subjects research usually requires review by an ethics committee (IRB). Some research is "exempt" under US law. If my ...
-1 votes
1 answer
208 views

can repeated submission of papers omitting main contributor considered as plagiarism?will the journals retract such articles?

I have completed my MTech in an elite institute in India. During my tenure, my professor forced me to collaborate with a Part-time Phd student, hence the work had to be shared data, analysis & ...
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