Questions tagged [research-misconduct]

On distortion of the research and/or research publication process through dishonest or otherwise unethical behavior. Includes (but is not limited to) issues such as fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, violation of ethical standards related to human subjects research, and theft of intellectual property.

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4
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2answers
973 views

The dean of a faculty is forcing people to include his son's name in academic researches

This post does not include me, but recently, it came to the attention of many on a social media platform that a recently graduated doctor had made a claim that "the dean of faculty of medicine&...
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2answers
2k views

Ignoring referee reports [duplicate]

Let's consider the following situation: Author A submits a paper to a journal. Referee B writes a critical referee report and recommends rejection. Author A then resubmits the same paper to another ...
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1answer
385 views

Research on gender and academic misconduct

In professor David Shanks' talk "Does social science tell the truth? (2016)" at 15:14 he claims that there is an apparent gender bias among his examples of people that have committed ...
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13answers
12k views

How to handle one's own academic misconduct, long after it occurred?

I got my PhD in data engineering in 2014 from a reputed university in a developed country. I am now an associate professor in a well-reputed university. Between my PhD and my current position, I took ...
3
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1answer
126 views

How to deal with force citations by organizers

I have seen organizers of different workshops in machine learning making it mandatory to cite their papers. This is totally fine if it is base paper or paper describing the dataset. But sometimes they ...
4
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1answer
404 views

What are indicators that someone has a ghost writer? [closed]

After reading about paper mills, and knowing that there are companies that offer ghostwriting for bachelor theses, at least in Switzerland and Germany, I asked myself if there are methods to detect ...
5
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1answer
250 views

Allegation of Academic Misconduct

I completed my dissertation a few weeks ago, and submitted it the night before it was due and thus did not check it on turnitin etc for similarity reports. However, on Friday night I received an e-...
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4answers
312 views

Is using synthetic datasets in sciences the same as using fake data? [closed]

Sometimes, there are good reasons to use synthetic data in research. In my case I am using data from Synthea, a program that simulated patient data including medications, names and addresses. I know ...
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1answer
110 views

Writing a commentary about a paper from a collaborator — is it research misconduct?

I want to write a commentary (for a journal) about a paper a collaborator has published. Is there a conflict of interest? Is it research misconduct if I write the commentary?
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3answers
9k views

I have egregiously sloppy (possibly falsified) data that I need to correct. How should I go about this?

Several years ago, I did a summer project as an undergrad with a PI not at my undergrad institution (I'm in grad school now). Now, the project is finished and he wants to publish it with data that I'...
11
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3answers
2k views

How does peer review detect cheating when replicating a study isn't an option? [duplicate]

Disclaimer: This is the third incarnation of my question because the previous two have met with silence. Adapted to this site: For a scientific study to be accepted as "truth" the standard ...
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3answers
2k views

What should one do with his/her manuscript after some sort of academic misconduct

This happened in my group. One of the master students in our group had a manuscript derived from her thesis, and the manuscript was planned to publish with she and her advisor (who is the PI of our ...
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6answers
4k views

Reviewing article and bad-faith citation

I did my PhD topic in mechanical engineering. A decade later, I agreed to review an article on the exact same topic, that has a great number of similarities with mine. OK, that can happen. The authors ...
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3answers
355 views

Re-applying to medical school after misconduct

I am a nontraditional applicant for medical school and wanted to ask questions about my application here. I was previously enrolled in another MD program. I had an undiagnosed disability that resulted ...
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1answer
384 views

What to do if accused of cheating/misconduct at university? [closed]

This question is written to serve as a canonical question that is asked repeatedly on Academia.SE (see e.g., here, here, here, here, here, here and here.) The purpose of this question is to act as a ...
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7answers
6k views

How to prove episodes of academic misconduct?

My former PhD supervisor asked me different times to produce false results, including complete fabrication from scratch of otherwise non-existent results. I always managed to get away from that and I ...
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2answers
2k views

Submitting article to journal where I committed misconduct

I am interested in submitting an article to a journal that has previously identified misconduct from me. The misconduct occurred several years ago and was caused by a disability. How should I proceed ...
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1answer
243 views

How should I respond to an offer to pay a bribe for authorship fraud?

I received an email: I write this letter on behalf of authors seeking to co-publish. We have seen your previous works and they were considered to be of high quality. Therefore, I offer you a co-...
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4answers
1k views

Are there academic institution-specific equivalents to attorneys (a professional who assists in navigating conduct and justice systems)?

There's an interesting question over at Law.SE on the possibility of suing a university over what the OP saw as unfair disciplinary practices. I have often wondered... Is there a type of professional ...
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2answers
149 views

What distinguishes acceptable use of a preprint server from unacceptable dual publication?

In answering this question, I wondered: Many fields are now beginning to embrace preprint servers such as arXiv. Typically, authors upload a manuscript to the preprint server at the same time as they ...
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3answers
6k views

My advisor cited her colleague's papers in her own methodology even though she did not use those methods. Does this qualify as scientific misconduct?

I'm currently working on my MSc thesis under a PhD candidate's supervision. She has very recently published a paper as first author in a well-known journal where she claims to have followed ...
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0answers
99 views

How to deal with plagarism from a colleague at another institution?

I'm wondering if anyone has any ideas for how I can approach an ongoing situation. 4 years ago, when I was in the second year of my PhD I attended a conference and, in the normal course of things, I ...
25
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5answers
14k views

What are the criteria for degree revocation?

I was awarded a degree from a reputable college or university. For what reasons could my degree be revoked after the fact? Should I be worried? Note to readers: This is a special community wiki '...
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3answers
403 views

How to report a misconduct in methods in an article published by a top journal anonymously?

I found a potential wrong application of machine learning validation methods in one paper recently published in Nature Energy, which is the best energy journal (>50 impact factors). The authors ...
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8answers
9k views

Is it a scientific misconduct to change a variable or a function name when citing a math paper?

Is it a scientific misconduct to change a variable or a function name when citing a math paper? The standard name of a function is S, but the author called it E. I want to cite his work, while I use ...
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0answers
134 views

How to convince co-authors it is unethical to include false research citations in “working paper” being submitted to a conference?

I'm third co-author on a paper that was re-submitted for publication after primary author redid data analyses when I discovered that our original data had been significantly flawed. A month or so ...
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2answers
120 views

Review articles - Would it be plagiarism or misconduct if “implication” not added?

To write a review, does the author must find some "implication" over the papers it based on? Example-1: Suppose author 1 has a theory or a proposal or framework but the language is unclear, not very ...
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2answers
227 views

Photoshopping label onto graph

For a project, I noticed really around an hour or so before my deadline was due that some of my graphs lacked units when I labeled the axes. In the interest of time, I decided to add units to the ...
34
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2answers
6k views

What is the best way to publicize the existence of a fraudulent journal?

Earlier this year, I was anonymously informed of the existence of a fraudulent journal, Reactive Oxygen Species. When I investigated, I found that the "Editorial Team" of "international experts" ...
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3answers
2k views

My paper was retracted – how can I handle this in my future career?

In September 2016 I saw a PhD advertisement in a forum. I emailed the advertiser and he sent me a half-baked draft of a research project and told me that if I want this position I would need a first-...
60
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11answers
17k views

Is this violation of academic integrity if I ask a question on Github public repository and post it as an issue?

Recently, I asked a question on a public Github repository about a formula that is used in the code that is hosted on that public repository. Basically, if you are familiar with Github, you can create ...
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4answers
1k views

A paper was published with material from my thesis without my knowledge: Correction or Retraction?

I have completed M.tech and submitted my thesis. A year later I realized my thesis was used to publish an article which was a replica of a section of the thesis. Even the values were the same. I was ...
59
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2answers
16k views

My friend listed my name as a co-author on two journal papers without my permission

Recently, I found that my friend published two journal papers. He listed my name as a co-author without my permission. He used to send me a draft of the 1st paper, and wanted to add me as a co-...
28
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1answer
6k views

My human subjects research is “exempt” under US regulations. Does that mean I can skip ethics review?

This question was inspired by some wrong information on this site. Human subjects research usually requires review by an ethics committee (IRB). Some research is "exempt" under US law. If my ...
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1answer
199 views

can repeated submission of papers omitting main contributor considered as plagiarism?will the journals retract such articles?

I have completed my MTech in an elite institute in India. During my tenure, my professor forced me to collaborate with a Part-time Phd student, hence the work had to be shared data, analysis & ...
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2answers
335 views

Is mistakenly attributing something to an author that they did not say misconduct or simply bad scholarship?

Related: Miscited in a bachelor thesis In the above question, the OP mentions that, ...my bachelor thesis had been cited....I have been attributed a conclusion that I haven't drawn, and is indeed ...
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2answers
5k views

Miscited in a bachelor thesis

I recently discovered, to my delighted surprise, that my bachelor thesis had been cited in another bachelor thesis - however... my bachelor thesis has been entered in the reference list as an PhD ...
5
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1answer
413 views

Supervisor published my thesis figures without including me as an author

The supervisor for my PhD thesis has recently published a paper with another student. In this paper, the other student has replicated one of the chapters of my PhD thesis for publication. For ...
7
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2answers
947 views

What is research misconduct of Xuetao Cao about?

Recently on social media, news broke that Xuetao Cao duplicated or manipulated images in more than 50 papers of his. These accusations were brought to the public by Elisabeth Bik and explained in ...
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3answers
481 views

How to prevent having prospective students use me for free help, and then ghost me to go to another university

In many countries there are funding sources that enable students or postdocs go study or work at a university of their choice, usually abroad. Usually for these applications, the applicant has to get ...
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2answers
194 views

Regarding academic misconduct [closed]

I'm currently a Ph.D. student and I have been reading a lot about retraction of scientific papers. I understand that scientific integrity is a big issue and that we should be as honest about the ...
2
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2answers
333 views

Does Utilitarian ethics have a place in Academia?

Most academic ethics (indeed, most professional ethics in general) are heavily focused on Kantian/Deontological principles. For academics, the basic rules are blatantly Deontological - don't ...
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1answer
232 views

How do we test in academia, if a research area is a money burning machine or non/pseudo-scientific?

In the recent decades more and more meta studies were undertaken on the reproducibilty rate of distinct research areas like psychology, biomedicine... The results are probably shocking to most ...
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4answers
6k views

Found and corrected a mistake on someone's else paper — praxis?

3-4 months ago I found a big mistake in a theorem's proof of a paper that had just been published (stats/cs community). I immediately notified the authors, who claimed to be aware of the mistake but ...
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0answers
61 views

Citing articles in a Language I don't understand [duplicate]

I'm writing the thesis for my master degree, some of the very very old articles I have to cite are in a foreign language I don't understand (usually German and French). Most of them have been ...
11
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1answer
813 views

My colleague *may* have forged data. Any advice?

We are about to submit a revised manuscript for publication in a prestigious journal. This is a team work and one of my colleague performed most of the molecular biology experiments, including many ...
2
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1answer
323 views

Could undergraduate degree be revoked for minor noncompliance in human subjects research?

With the understanding that universities define "minor compliance" in various ways, I'm curious about whether an undergraduate degree could/ever would be revoked for the use of interview data gathered ...
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2answers
429 views

Why data falsification / fabrication is found after degree is awarded?

I saw on the internet that many degrees are revoked due to data falsification, but the question here is: how come colleges cant identify data falsification or manipulation before the degree is awarded?...
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2answers
456 views

Why are degrees revoked due to data fabrication/manipulation only in specific fields?

I read on the Internet that most degrees in psychology and medicine are revoked because of data manipulation/fabrication. In other areas like engineering, degree revocations only happen due to ...
39
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1answer
6k views

I've found what appears to be a fake paper in a non predatory journal

I received a paper for review from MathReviews (so, not an actual peer review). It is from a journal with Q2 classification according to Scimago, so I expect it to not be a predatory journal, ...