Questions tagged [research-misconduct]

On distortion of the research and/or research publication process through dishonest or otherwise unethical behavior. Includes (but is not limited to) issues such as fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, violation of ethical standards related to human subjects research, and theft of intellectual property.

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What should one do with his/her manuscript after some sort of academic misconduct

This happened in my group. One of the master students in our group had a manuscript derived from her thesis, and the manuscript was planned to publish with she and her advisor (who is the PI of our ...
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6answers
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Reviewing article and bad-faith citation

I did my PhD topic in mechanical engineering. A decade later, I agreed to review an article on the exact same topic, that has a great number of similarities with mine. OK, that can happen. The authors ...
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Re-applying to medical school after misconduct

I am a nontraditional applicant for medical school and wanted to ask questions about my application here. I was previously enrolled in another MD program. I had an undiagnosed disability that resulted ...
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1answer
239 views

What to do if accused of cheating/misconduct at university? [closed]

This question is written to serve as a canonical question that is asked repeatedly on Academia.SE (see e.g., here, here, here, here, here, here and here.) The purpose of this question is to act as a ...
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How to prove episodes of academic misconduct?

My former PhD supervisor asked me different times to produce false results, including complete fabrication from scratch of otherwise non-existent results. I always managed to get away from that and I ...
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2answers
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Submitting article to journal where I committed misconduct

I am interested in submitting an article to a journal that has previously identified misconduct from me. The misconduct occurred several years ago and was caused by a disability. How should I proceed ...
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1answer
224 views

How should I respond to an offer to pay a bribe for authorship fraud?

I received an email: I write this letter on behalf of authors seeking to co-publish. We have seen your previous works and they were considered to be of high quality. Therefore, I offer you a co-...
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Are there academic institution-specific equivalents to attorneys (a professional who assists in navigating conduct and justice systems)?

There's an interesting question over at Law.SE on the possibility of suing a university over what the OP saw as unfair disciplinary practices. I have often wondered... Is there a type of professional ...
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What distinguishes acceptable use of a preprint server from unacceptable dual publication?

In answering this question, I wondered: Many fields are now beginning to embrace preprint servers such as arXiv. Typically, authors upload a manuscript to the preprint server at the same time as they ...
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3answers
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My advisor cited her colleague's papers in her own methodology even though she did not use those methods. Does this qualify as scientific misconduct?

I'm currently working on my MSc thesis under a PhD candidate's supervision. She has very recently published a paper as first author in a well-known journal where she claims to have followed ...
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How to deal with plagarism from a colleague at another institution?

I'm wondering if anyone has any ideas for how I can approach an ongoing situation. 4 years ago, when I was in the second year of my PhD I attended a conference and, in the normal course of things, I ...
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What are the criteria for degree revocation?

I was awarded a degree from a reputable college or university. For what reasons could my degree be revoked after the fact? Should I be worried? Note to readers: This is a special community wiki '...
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3answers
389 views

How to report a misconduct in methods in an article published by a top journal anonymously?

I found a potential wrong application of machine learning validation methods in one paper recently published in Nature Energy, which is the best energy journal (>50 impact factors). The authors ...
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8answers
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Is it a scientific misconduct to change a variable or a function name when citing a math paper?

Is it a scientific misconduct to change a variable or a function name when citing a math paper? The standard name of a function is S, but the author called it E. I want to cite his work, while I use ...
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0answers
125 views

How to convince co-authors it is unethical to include false research citations in “working paper” being submitted to a conference?

I'm third co-author on a paper that was re-submitted for publication after primary author redid data analyses when I discovered that our original data had been significantly flawed. A month or so ...
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2answers
108 views

Review articles - Would it be plagiarism or misconduct if “implication” not added?

To write a review, does the author must find some "implication" over the papers it based on? Example-1: Suppose author 1 has a theory or a proposal or framework but the language is unclear, not very ...
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2answers
215 views

Photoshopping label onto graph

For a project, I noticed really around an hour or so before my deadline was due that some of my graphs lacked units when I labeled the axes. In the interest of time, I decided to add units to the ...
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2answers
6k views

What is the best way to publicize the existence of a fraudulent journal?

Earlier this year, I was anonymously informed of the existence of a fraudulent journal, Reactive Oxygen Species. When I investigated, I found that the "Editorial Team" of "international experts" ...
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3answers
1k views

My paper was retracted – how can I handle this in my future career?

In September 2016 I saw a PhD advertisement in a forum. I emailed the advertiser and he sent me a half-baked draft of a research project and told me that if I want this position I would need a first-...
59
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10answers
17k views

Is this violation of academic integrity if I ask a question on Github public repository and post it as an issue?

Recently, I asked a question on a public Github repository about a formula that is used in the code that is hosted on that public repository. Basically, if you are familiar with Github, you can create ...
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4answers
972 views

A paper was published with material from my thesis without my knowledge: Correction or Retraction?

I have completed M.tech and submitted my thesis. A year later I realized my thesis was used to publish an article which was a replica of a section of the thesis. Even the values were the same. I was ...
59
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2answers
15k views

My friend listed my name as a co-author on two journal papers without my permission

Recently, I found that my friend published two journal papers. He listed my name as a co-author without my permission. He used to send me a draft of the 1st paper, and wanted to add me as a co-...
28
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1answer
6k views

My human subjects research is “exempt” under US regulations. Does that mean I can skip ethics review?

This question was inspired by some wrong information on this site. Human subjects research usually requires review by an ethics committee (IRB). Some research is "exempt" under US law. If my ...
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1answer
198 views

can repeated submission of papers omitting main contributor considered as plagiarism?will the journals retract such articles?

I have completed my MTech in an elite institute in India. During my tenure, my professor forced me to collaborate with a Part-time Phd student, hence the work had to be shared data, analysis & ...
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2answers
308 views

Is mistakenly attributing something to an author that they did not say misconduct or simply bad scholarship?

Related: Miscited in a bachelor thesis In the above question, the OP mentions that, ...my bachelor thesis had been cited....I have been attributed a conclusion that I haven't drawn, and is indeed ...
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Miscited in a bachelor thesis

I recently discovered, to my delighted surprise, that my bachelor thesis had been cited in another bachelor thesis - however... my bachelor thesis has been entered in the reference list as an PhD ...
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1answer
337 views

Supervisor published my thesis figures without including me as an author

The supervisor for my PhD thesis has recently published a paper with another student. In this paper, the other student has replicated one of the chapters of my PhD thesis for publication. For ...
7
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2answers
863 views

What is research misconduct of Xuetao Cao about?

Recently on social media, news broke that Xuetao Cao duplicated or manipulated images in more than 50 papers of his. These accusations were brought to the public by Elisabeth Bik and explained in ...
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3answers
463 views

How to prevent having prospective students use me for free help, and then ghost me to go to another university

In many countries there are funding sources that enable students or postdocs go study or work at a university of their choice, usually abroad. Usually for these applications, the applicant has to get ...
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2answers
176 views

Regarding academic misconduct [closed]

I'm currently a Ph.D. student and I have been reading a lot about retraction of scientific papers. I understand that scientific integrity is a big issue and that we should be as honest about the ...
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2answers
311 views

Does Utilitarian ethics have a place in Academia?

Most academic ethics (indeed, most professional ethics in general) are heavily focused on Kantian/Deontological principles. For academics, the basic rules are blatantly Deontological - don't ...
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1answer
223 views

How do we test in academia, if a research area is a money burning machine or non/pseudo-scientific?

In the recent decades more and more meta studies were undertaken on the reproducibilty rate of distinct research areas like psychology, biomedicine... The results are probably shocking to most ...
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4answers
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Found and corrected a mistake on someone's else paper — praxis?

3-4 months ago I found a big mistake in a theorem's proof of a paper that had just been published (stats/cs community). I immediately notified the authors, who claimed to be aware of the mistake but ...
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0answers
61 views

Citing articles in a Language I don't understand [duplicate]

I'm writing the thesis for my master degree, some of the very very old articles I have to cite are in a foreign language I don't understand (usually German and French). Most of them have been ...
11
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1answer
779 views

My colleague *may* have forged data. Any advice?

We are about to submit a revised manuscript for publication in a prestigious journal. This is a team work and one of my colleague performed most of the molecular biology experiments, including many ...
2
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1answer
280 views

Could undergraduate degree be revoked for minor noncompliance in human subjects research?

With the understanding that universities define "minor compliance" in various ways, I'm curious about whether an undergraduate degree could/ever would be revoked for the use of interview data gathered ...
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2answers
295 views

Why data falsification / fabrication is found after degree is awarded?

I saw on the internet that many degrees are revoked due to data falsification, but the question here is: how come colleges cant identify data falsification or manipulation before the degree is awarded?...
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2answers
383 views

Why are degrees revoked due to data fabrication/manipulation only in specific fields?

I read on the Internet that most degrees in psychology and medicine are revoked because of data manipulation/fabrication. In other areas like engineering, degree revocations only happen due to ...
39
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1answer
6k views

I've found what appears to be a fake paper in a non predatory journal

I received a paper for review from MathReviews (so, not an actual peer review). It is from a journal with Q2 classification according to Scimago, so I expect it to not be a predatory journal, ...
12
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3answers
781 views

My former adviser published an article from my master thesis in a predatory journal without my consent, what should I do now?

My former master adviser published an article, which is derived from my master thesis, in a predatory journal without my consent. He put my name as the first and corresponding author and his name as ...
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5answers
8k views

What is it called when authors trade citations?

Citation is one metric of researchers. That is why some of them lend citation to one another. For example, A writes a paper and cites B's work in it, and then B does the same for A, without the ...
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2answers
554 views

Is it called research misconduct when someone publish his own work under the name of other people?

One of my friends has a lot of research works, but he is kinda of lazy in the publishing process. As a result, he has a lot of unpublished research materials. Right now, he is realized that he needs ...
20
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3answers
4k views

Should one cite unethical research that may contradict one's current research?

Most people are familiar with the controversy over citing Nazi medical experimentation and related unethical findings. I'm not questioning that. Assuming that citing unethical research in order to ...
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1answer
289 views

What should I do if someone published my old reserarch result without mentioning my name?

Recently, I realized someone, who was my friend in the past, published my research results related to an old project without mentioning my name. I'm wondering how he accessed to my results and why he ...
54
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5answers
17k views

Does having an article retracted due to professor's ethical misconduct mean my career is over?

When I was in my first year of M.Sc. a professor told me to work on a project for which the main data belonged to him. He had sent me an early draft and told me to translate it into English, so I did ...
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1answer
1k views

Anything we could do for abusive PhD advisor? [closed]

I have wasted 6 years in a bad lab in some biomedical sciences PhD program in the US. Basically the PI is a MD with no training for science. I felt treated like a slave. In spite of significant ...
11
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2answers
322 views

How to deal with potential data falsification?

TL;DR We cannot reproduce very good simulation results of our paper and the person who was responsible for writing the code and running the simulations does not have the code anymore and cannot ...
5
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1answer
240 views

Authorship dispute after author was removed without their knowledge

My supervisor, two other students (C and G) and I were invited to write a paper for a journal. The paper was about a project in which we were all involved. (C) though, never engaged into any writing ...
7
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2answers
429 views

coauthor removed other author's name after reviews

I have discovered that a co-author has submitted a book chapter to a major publisher omitting my name of co-author list without me knowing. I was included in the first submissions, but corresponding ...
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1answer
2k views

Should I do anything when I see several references that are not used in the text?

In a linguistics paper I read, I noticed that several references in the bibliography are not actually used in the text. This is for about 10-15% of the references the case. Should I do anything with ...