Questions tagged [reference-request]

Questions requesting an answer supported by reliable evidence and including citations to said evidence. This is in contrast to questions requesting answers based mainly on personal experience.

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356
votes
14answers
32k views

How to ask dumb questions

I am having trouble asking questions in seminars, conferences, and public talks. As a graduate math student I often fail to keep up with speaker and more mature members of the audience at events like ...
88
votes
2answers
19k views

What is the origin of the “underwater basket weaving” meme in Academia?

"Underwater basket weaving" is often used as a placeholder for "irrelevant, useless university course." (Despite the fact that it's an actual thing.) More generally, "Basket weaving" and related ...
62
votes
4answers
6k views

Do people actually buy research articles?

Research articles are often priced at 20-40 USD. I know that typically a researcher's institution subscribes to myriads of journals, and that some research articles are accessible online for free ...
51
votes
7answers
15k views

Examples of harmless mistakes (on purpose) in submitted papers [closed]

Some paper reviewers feel the pressure to criticize something in order to appear competent. Sometimes they feel this pressure due to huge blank form fields for criticism in the reviewing system. As a ...
44
votes
2answers
9k views

Health aspects of White board vs black board

I am wondering about the health aspects of black boards and white boards. Black boards have now been around for centuries. Their only detrimental health effect is the chalk dust. Some senior ...
42
votes
8answers
11k views

Why has the time spent studying declined so sharply in the United States over the the past few decades?

I read on https://www.aei.org/publication/leisure-college-usa/ : Study time for full-time students at four-year colleges in the United States fell from twenty-four hours per week in 1961 to fourteen ...
42
votes
2answers
2k views

Are open access papers read by a larger readership than paywalled papers?

One of the potential upsides of open access papers is that they can be accessed by anyone for free, including people who don't live or work in a university. As a result, one might think that non-"...
37
votes
5answers
4k views

Clarifications on American graduate school for an European student

My advisor strongly encouraged me to check out two (highly renowned) American universities for my PhD study. Her collaborators in these two institutions are good people and great mathematicians, so, ...
36
votes
4answers
5k views

Is it possible for reviewers to mistakenly reject a quality paper?

If I am not wrong, turbo codes was submitted to the ICC conference and rejected but accepted later on. I want to know if there are other similar works (strong works) that were rejected at first but ...
35
votes
4answers
4k views

Is there any research on the prevalence of academic theft?

Some ­— perhaps many — academics seem to be very careful in keeping unpublished work secret. It is not difficult to find anecdotes where academic ideas are stolen, such as in this post by @Markus. ...
35
votes
1answer
2k views

Unconscious bias toward recommendation letters written by men?

This is an attempt to rescue a strongly down-voted question. Are there any studies investigating possible unconscious gender bias in evaluating recommendation letters? Specifically, is there any ...
33
votes
5answers
4k views

What are some good books to read in order to improve my academic writing?

So I am going to write my master thesis in psychology. It is expected to be of roughly publishable quality since I am a research master student. I always struggled with writing and am often ...
32
votes
3answers
6k views

How much time do professors have to do research on their own?

As part of their job, professors have to take care of getting funding, prepare classes, advise students, fulfill administrative tasks and attend to various meetings/conferences. How much time do ...
32
votes
1answer
3k views

Studies over how noisy is it to accept/reject submissions

This year, the NIPS 2014 conference did an interesting experiment: conference chairs duplicated 10% of the submissions (170 papers) and sent them to two different groups of reviewers. The result: 25.9%...
27
votes
3answers
3k views

Global number of publications over time

We always hear about the increasing number of publications published every year and the resulting information overload in science. I wanted to show this trend to students to highlight why they should ...
26
votes
7answers
23k views

How much revenue do academic authors make on their published books?

Is there any dataset that look at how much revenue academic authors make on their published books? I am aware of the question How much do Springer-Verlag authors make per book sold? but answers there ...
26
votes
4answers
3k views

Reference for annual journal subscription costs paid per university?

Is there any resource that lists how much each university pay in journal subscription fees? I am mostly interested in US universities (E.g. Harvard: $3.5M/year in 2014, MIT: $4M/year in 2006 for ...
26
votes
4answers
5k views

What research explains political attitudes of academics?

According to the Times of Higher Education, there are more liberals* than conservatives in the social sciences. The ratio of Democrats to Republicans in economics is 5:1, in law it is 9:1, in ...
26
votes
2answers
983 views

Reference on abuse of stimulant medications among professors to enhance academic performance?

Various research articles1 have been published on the prevalence of stimulant medicine (Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin) abuse among undergraduate students. By "abuse of stimulant medicine," I am ...
26
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there evidence that suggests students should take notes?

I hear a lot about good note-taking strategies vs bad note-taking strategies, and I have seen a lot of research papers on different styles of note-taking. What I haven't seen though is any study that ...
25
votes
6answers
4k views

Can I serve as a reference for someone applying to fill my position?

I work as an administrator at a university and will soon be resigning from my position (the job has already been posted). A student who I formerly supervised is applying for my position and has asked ...
24
votes
7answers
15k views

Is specifying a minimum word count beneficial for academic writing?

As we all know, during our higher-education careers there have been many professors who have assigned academic papers that require a minimum word or page count in some shape or form. Personally, I ...
23
votes
1answer
3k views

How many professors are children of professors?

I am a professor. Anecdotally, about half the people I know in academia have at least one parent who was or is a professor. (I was not born to any professors, for the record.) And then you see ...
23
votes
3answers
678 views

How important is seeing the face of the instructor?

So, I am yet to make up my mind on which is a superior mode of teaching in flipped classroom videos: Khan academy type model where you see slides or a digital drawing board and only listen to the ...
23
votes
1answer
1k views

Research on relationship between how an instructor is addressed and students' evaluations of that instructor?

We've had several questions on this site along the lines of "What should students call me" or "What should I call my professor" (e.g How to sign your email to students, so to avoid their immature ...
23
votes
1answer
741 views

Around what percentage of universities require(d) Ancient Greek and Latin for admissions?

I limit this question to universities in Canada, UK, and the US. In general: Please see the titled question, and provide dates if known. 2 Examples: p. 10 of 17 of this PDF states Oxford ...
22
votes
2answers
544 views

Why and how commonly are scientists concerned about open peer review?

Some years ago I published an article in a Copernicus Open Access Journal. They have a peer review process called Interactive Public Peer Review, i.e. the pre-print and the reviews are open access. ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

How much non-salary income do computer science professors make in the United States?

I have seen several questions pertaining to the salaries of professors in the United States. Is there any research/study/survey/... that looked at the non-salary income computer science academics (...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

How much effort do researchers take to publish their source code?

When publishing a paper, some researchers publish the source code used for the paper. Is there any research/study/survey/... that looked at how much effort do researchers take to publish their source ...
21
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there any evidence that students are more likely to watch a video over reading homework?

As background, many of my students fall into the "un-prepared" for university category. This has introduced many challenges. Some challenges are easily handled when a student is sincerely interested ...
20
votes
7answers
2k views

Students with physical disabilities - blindness, deafness, etc

Update: There isn't any disabilities office. Not US... I'd like to expand on a comment I just made down there: I'm not trying to find a silver bullet. I just want a reasonable starting point. It is ...
20
votes
3answers
11k views

How to cite lecture notes? (and should I even do this?)

When learning a new subject, I would frequently use lecture notes found somewhere in the Internet. When writing a paper (or a master thesis, as in my case, but the rules should be similar, I believe) ...
20
votes
1answer
3k views

PhD student and postdoc statistics related to relationships

As a graduate student and postdoc, I remember more of my colleagues becoming single than entering new relationships. In many cases the problem was that their partners could not accept their unusual ...
20
votes
2answers
748 views

References/resources on problems surrounding peer review in physics?

I was watching this video on YouTube (this is the second part of it) and it motivated me to ask this question. From the videos: ....that's the good aspect of peer review. It should work to sift ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Do sample solutions increase student 'productivity'?

I'm not 100% sure whether this belongs here, but since I am a PhD student (teaching) in the TCS/Algorithms department, I'd like to know what fellow, maybe more experienced, teachers think. The ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

Where can I find hard data on students' reasons for being students?

Have any studies been done of students' motives for being students at universities? At one extreme there are those who want to study at a university in disregard of the disapproval of their parents ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

Reference on availability of source code used in computer science research articles?

I have several questions related to open-sourcing the source code used for a research article. Is there any research/study that addresses any of the following: What percentage of research articles ...
19
votes
1answer
463 views

Do tenured professors work less or more than non-trenured professors?

Is there any research/study/survey/... that looked at how much time tenured professors work in comparison with non-trenured professors? I am especially interested in the field of computer science (...
19
votes
1answer
1k views

Research on career path after tenure denial?

I am looking for a study on the career path of professors after they are denied tenure. Specifically, what percentage of these get a tenured or tenure-track position at another institution? get a ...
18
votes
3answers
471 views

What research shows how assessment design can minimize plagiarism?

This past semester has seen an unusually high number of students plagiarizing in one of the subjects I teach. To be specific, it was five times the previous maximum I had seen. This has lead me down ...
17
votes
2answers
442 views

How economically efficient is the grant system?

I wonder if someone (or eventually some country, organisation, etc ...) already evaluated the costs of the system of grants. It costs at least the salary of the researcher who writes and gets the ...
16
votes
4answers
19k views

Is this statistic about how many Latinos/Hispanics have a PhD in the USA correct?

According to Ileana Freytes-Ortiz, < 2% of people in the US have a #phd Of those, 6.5% are Hispanic By defending my PhD yesterday, I just became part of the 0.13% in the US that is #...
16
votes
8answers
3k views

Grading by assigning points to exercises

For grading exams, I usually assign points to the exercises in such a way they sum to 100, and then I correct the exams by giving partial points based on such assignment. Lately, I feel this is a ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

How much does it cost to make a MOOC universally accessible, as defined by the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990?

Is there any research/study/survey that tried to quantify the cost of making a MOOC universally accessible, as defined by the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (mirror)? I am aware that the ...
16
votes
1answer
289 views

Study of code share practices in science

I am searching for a study that presents statistics of how often you can get code that claims to be available in scientific communities. I found the following interesting study, which is very similar ...
15
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there a better measure of undergraduate academic performance than GPA?

An answer to a recent question about the importance of looking at a student's whole transcript got me thinking. Is there some other way of summing up a student's academic performance, other than the ...
15
votes
1answer
462 views

How much time do academics in fact spend refereeing the research of others, on average?

This and similar questions ask how much time a researcher should devote to reviewing a paper, or to reviewing papers in general. But how much time do scientists spend refereeing papers as a matter of ...
15
votes
2answers
500 views

Evaluation of professors: publications vs. teaching quality

From my experience (in Europe), I have often seen that professors give their research highest priority and see teaching only as a necessity that gets a low priority. I feel that this is due to the ...
15
votes
2answers
699 views

Are there any studies on how lecturer review sites such as Rate Your Lecturer affect student choices?

A version of the lecturer review website Rate Your Lecturer recently became active in the UK. Do you know of any studies which consider to what extent students use this or any other review websites ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Effective open-ended student evaluation questions

As we reach the end of the semester, the students in my class are being asked to do their evaluation of my teaching, as is common at most universities. As with most evaluations that I know of, I have ...

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