Questions tagged [publication-bias]

Publication bias occurs when positive/statistically significant findings are more likely to be published than negative/statistically insignificant ones, leading to an overrepresentation of positive findings in the literature. Also known as the "file drawer effect".

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As handling editor, should you invite mainly reviewers for manuscripts authored by people from a different country?

Further to my recent question on a similar topic (As handling editor, should you invite only female reviewers for manuscripts authored by women (eg 1st, last, and/or corresponding)?), I am wondering ...
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Are you allowed to do scientific research on a mental disorder, if you have said mental disorder, and it is not registered in the DSM-5?

I have symptoms of a mental health disorder not registered in the DSM-5 called 'maladaptive daydreaming disorder'. In order for this to be able to get into the DSM-5, more research needs to be done on ...
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If a conflict of interest is not literally declared, is it safe to assume there is a conflict of interest? What does this imply about the findings? [closed]

For the first example below, a conflict of interest (CoI) isn't literally declared, but seems to be implied in the funding section. Additionally, the majority of the studies included have a similar ...
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How do academics control their own biases?

As an academic, you are in the business of producing research. I know it might sound odd to call it a "business", but frankly, you get paid to do it, and most of you wouldn't do it if you ...
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Are journals biased towards more famous authors? [closed]

Say you are an independent researcher, with no affiliation and no famous co-author. Assume that you have authored a paper, which you believe is decently written and reports a method that is at least ...
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Peer review process in a math journal

I am a resident of a 3rd world country in a south Asian country. I have completed my Msc in math from a place which is not well known for math. While an Msc student, I wrote a solo author paper on ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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How can I find papers that are not sponsored by industry?

Are there any databases or search filters for published peer-reviewed articles, particularly concerning environmental issues, that are neither affiliated with nor funded by corporate interests? I am ...
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18 votes
4 answers
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Reporting data dredging in a study

During a statistical analysis of a study, I found an interesting relationship between two variables that was not part of the original hypothesis. It is, however, clinically interesting and I want to ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Do industry-sponsored papers contain more incorrect results than papers that aren't industry-sponsored?

Are there any research/study/survey that tried to analyze whether industry-sponsored papers contain more incorrect results than papers that aren't industry-sponsored, and if so, to what extent? For ...
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8 votes
3 answers
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In computer science, is omission of negative experimental evaluation results research misconduct?

In computer science, a large portion of people develop algorithms, and demonstrate their effectiveness by running experiments to compare with other existing approaches in their research papers. In ...
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1 answer
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Why isn't pre-registration required for all experiments?

Why aren't all experimental results of any validity required to register the experimental plan used for the research paper in question, ahead of time, giving the understanding that the results will be ...
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Publication bias in evaluations of assessments

It is widely considered that there exists a publication bias whereby it is more difficult to get null results published than it is to get positive results published in peer-reviewed journals. As a ...
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12 votes
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Have researchers any incentive to publish negative or confirmatory results?

Negative results are sometimes seen as failures, and confirmatory results as lack of creativity, even though both kinds can be useful. Have researchers any incentive to publish negative or ...
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11 votes
4 answers
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How to account for publication bias?

I am doing a literature review in the medical field, which is as many other fields heavily impacted by publication bias. Is there any standard way to account for it? When am I e.g. allowed to say ...
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