Questions tagged [peer-review]

On the evaluation of work (typically, a publication or grant proposal) by the author's peers. This includes: refereeing, which is often used to determine an academic paper's suitability for publication in a journal or conference; peer evaluation of teaching skills; peer review of research grant proposals; and post-publication review of a book or article, as is common in the field of mathematics.

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26
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4answers
5k views

Can I challenge a paper already published in a peer reviewed conference/journal?

I recently came across several papers in the area of Information Extraction and Data Mining which seem to have passed the review process even if they (1) use some new terminology without describing it,...
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What to do when the claims in a paper are proven to be wrong?

What can be done to correct an error that might be hiding a certain author's sole purpose of publishing a paper, no matter the soundness of their method? In a nutshell, the particular case that ...
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How to be a good reviewer when suspecting dubious results or being sent contributions outside my field of expertise?

Recently I have been appointed as a reviewer for an IEEE journal in CS. This journal is indexed on Scimago and its ranking is a Q3 journal. I know that one cannot know all the topics covered in the ...
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Soliciting pre-submission manuscript comments from people who could later be peer reviewers

Before submitting a manuscript to a journal, it is fairly common at least in my field (psychology) to circulate the manuscript in a limited way to a small number of people who are experts in the area ...
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Personal repercussions for those who actively ignore review requests?

A colleague recently submitted an article to a reputable journal. The article went to 6 reviewers, one of which completed the review and the other 5 of which completely ignored the request. The ...
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How should one interpret a rejection on the grounds that a paper “has no added value to the existing state of the art”?

I've got a rejection for my paper that was submitted to a high impact journal; after waiting 6 weeks instead of 4 normally it was rejected with only one referee comment 4 lines: This study seems to ...
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How to make a paper anonymous for reviewers when it heavily extends on your own previous work?

I am writing a paper that continues and extends my previous paper (the usual situation), and I plan to submit it to a journal that conducts a double-blind review. It is a research that started ...
26
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What happens if the editor cannot find reviewers?

I submitted to a journal a couple of months ago. The editorial flow is somehow quick and very transparent. I receive notifications for all events happening to the manuscript. Unfortunately, the ...
26
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Can a referee request a paper referenced in the reviewed paper?

If you review a paper which relies on results some other paper and you do not have access to that paper, is it acceptable to contact the editor and ask whether the author can provide a copy of the ...
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Co-authors not willing to publish after rejection. May I drop them?

We wrote a case report (1 + 2 co authors). The case report was not accepted. I tried to convince the other co-authors to re-write and submit. I waited for 3 years and 6 months. The co-authors showed ...
26
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985 views

Recommending a paper for rejection, then publishing my own

My question is similar to this one I am an editor for a lousy paper and I found a better algorithm than theirs. Must I share it with them? although there are some small distinctions that (I think) ...
26
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569 views

Measure of review bias

I was reading the other day this blog post, about "how to peer review", and one passage struck me: Don't review like a grad student Reviews written by graduate students are among the most ...
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Reviewer recommending citation of certain papers of specific group of authors may be himself

Recently I had a challenge in responding to a reviewer (#2) for revising our work. The reviewer asked us to refer 16 papers in multiple parts of the paper. I decided to refer some of these references ...
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Does careful selection of graph colors in a manuscript have any positive impact on reviewers?

I have just completed an article in which results are interpreted by means of 3D-plots; there are almost 15 plots in my article. Since plots could have a major impact on the reviewers’ decision, I am ...
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Is it normal to ask to see the entire manuscript (not just the abstract) before accepting a peer-review invitation?

I apologize if this question has been asked before. I received a peer-review invitation from a journal to review a paper. In the email there is just the author's name and the title of the article and ...
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Should one apologize in response letters to reviewers? If not, why not?

A student co-author drafted a response letter to the reviewers in which they apologize numerous times. I found this strange, but I can't pinpoint why. Question: Should one apologize in response ...
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Is it ethical to explicitly or implicitly bias against student papers unless co-authored with senior researcher(s)?

A few days ago I was browsing open-access social-science journals and I found one ‘author guideline’ explicitly saying that they are accepting student submissions if and only if the manuscript is co-...
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My paper was accepted, but I found an error affecting all of the figures. What will happen next?

I submitted a paper to a journal, and the decision was "accept with minor revisions." As I was addressing the reviewer questions to submit a final copy, I realized that I may have misrepresented the ...
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2answers
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How to write a rebuttal for a conference

What are good practices (does and don'ts) when writing a rebuttal for a conference? For example, for a journal rebuttal letter you can make changes to your paper, and resubmit it for another revision....
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Can I show my co-author the final version of an accepted publication I reviewed?

I was reviewing a journal paper recently that is closely related to work a colleague and I are doing. We are currently in the process of writing up our paper, and I plan to cite the paper I reviewed ...
25
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1answer
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Is it OK to decline a review request after multiple resubmissions?

I have served as a reviewer for a few journals multiple times, and I typically take the task very seriously and aim to provide informative and constructive reviews. However, there's this one case that ...
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How ambitious should one be in picking a journal to submit to?

I've finished a mathematics paper with two co-authors, and I need to decide on a journal to submit it to. More so than my other papers, I don't have much of a sense for how "good" it is. It is a ...
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If I refereed a paper at one journal (and it was rejected) should I referee it again when it's sent to another journal?

A couple months ago I refereed a paper for one journal. Due to a number of factors, I recommended that it not be published in that particular journal, and gave the author a bunch of comments on how ...
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3answers
497 views

Do I have to adapt my reviews according to the quality of a journal?

Recently, I received to review two manuscripts dealing with similar topics. According to the JCR quality measures, the first one was from top tier journal and the second one from the last quartile (Q4)...
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1answer
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How should I handle reviewing a paper that is very similar to something I am working on?

I was sent a paper to review recently. I decided to review the paper and saw that part of the paper is on a very similar method that I have been working on recently. Not the wording, of course, but ...
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As an editor, what measures can I implement to prevent image/photo manipulation?

There's been a case of alleged data manipulation in a recent Nano Letters paper (initial report here; now-retracted paper):      You can surely make your own opinion on whether the images have been ...
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How to handle a possibly biased editor?

Suppose a journal editor rejects a manuscript with only one reviewer’s feedback, but the few comments the reviewer and editor made were almost entirely minor comments (e.g. “use these units for this ...
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How to React to Incorrect Claims by Reviewers?

As this has happened to me several times for different papers now, I am not describing a specific case here, but the abstract aspects that were common to all situations. Occasionally, in the "Tasks" ...
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Is it a bad idea to submit a paper merely to elicit reviewers' comments?

Some days ago I was talking with a friend of mine, who is currently a post-doc at the illustrious Italian Institute of Technology (IIT) working on humanoid robotics. He was quite disgruntled because ...
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Submitting a paper to a new journal with responses for the rejection to the first journal

I submitted my paper in IEEE Transcations of XXX and got a rejection. But the comments were really helpful and has helped me a lot in improving the paper. But, unfortunately, I cannot resubmit that ...
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7answers
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Should a graduate student accept random offer to be a reviewer for IEEE Transactions paper?

I have been asked by a well-established professor to review a regular paper submitted to IEEE Transactions, however, I am concerned as in the email, he titled me "Dr. Monkia" although I am still being ...
24
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7answers
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Publons - is it a serious thing?

Recently several different, unrelated publishers suggested on their websites to join Publons, which is meant to acknowledge referees for peer-reviewing submitted manuscripts. Publons even suggests to ...
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What to do when a referee asks for changes I am not willing to make?

I have submitted a paper later that was reviewed by four reviewers. I submitted my revisions to all reviewers. Three accepted the review, while the last is still asking for modifications. The ...
24
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2answers
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Thanking a “shepherd” in acknowledgments

I often find in many conference papers submitted by US research groups that paper writers would thank their "shepherd" in the acknowledgment section. What is the exact contribution of a "shepherd" to ...
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Difference between “referee” and “reviewer” in the context of journal manuscript review?

I've seen the terms "referee" and "reviewer" both used to describe a person who gives feedback to a paper in a journal submission. Are there differences between the two terms? Is one used in some ...
24
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Is it appropriate as a referee to contact an author after the editor rejected the manuscript?

This is related to this question, but it is more a special case of it. I reviewed a manuscript, which was submitted to a reputable traditional journal. The journal has a single-blind review system. I ...
24
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2answers
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Who can peer-review articles?

I was unable to find any information online about this. I asked a colleague who told me that there are no restrictions on who may review an article, although he thought it was very unlikely that an un-...
24
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2answers
787 views

Are the referees of a journal allowed to reveal the title of the papers they review after the review process?

I am wondering if a referee can reveal the title of the papers he/she has refereed for a journal (either by talking about it in the pub, posting it on facebook or another mean) after the decision has ...
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As a reviewer, how much raw data or code should you request?

The topic of reproducible research is attracting quite some press these days, yet much remains to be done. In this spirit, I am asking what can be a reviewer's role in this — I'll explain fully below. ...
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How to supply proof that you are a reviewer for a journal?

How can you prove that you are a reviewer for a certain journal. For example, I have been invited to review a paper in a certain journal and on my CV I want to write that I have reviewed in this ...
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Do reputable journals ever conduct peer review entirely by email?

In the comments to one of the answers to this question, the asker points out that he is asked to submit his review of a manuscript for publication via email and that there is no formal online system ...
23
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Applying to a lab as a post-doc; I am peer-reviewing their work

I'm applying to a lab whose work I happen to be pretty familiar with, due to peer reviewing one of their articles. Is it ethical to mention this information to them? I feel that if I don't mention ...
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Is it acceptable as referee to contact an author on a paper you review?

I am reviewing the second revision of a paper and am getting tired of this incredibly slow process of me pointing something out that requires clarification just to hear back from those authors two or ...
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2answers
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Could/Should I cite a paper that I am refereeing?

I'm reviewing the paper X related to the topic Y for a conference which is single-blind (in Computer Science). Also, I'm about to submit a paper to a different conference related to the same topic (...
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How can editors and reviewers detect data manipulation?

I am preparing a paper in the field of Computer Science. In order to report test results, we usually run a number of tests and report the average of those tests. For each test, we generate random ...
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Does emailing a journal to ask if my article is within scope hurt chances of getting published?

When I started my "quest for knowledge" several years ago I began in an already ill defined-field which was on the borders between science and philosophy but as I progressed I drifted further and ...
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How to review a major revision of a paper?

A few months ago I reviewed my first paper. The authors submitted a major revision and I am asked to review the paper again. I received a long cover letter where my comments and the comments of two ...
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Should I recommend accepting a manuscript with major revisions because of a strong topic, but quite poor content?

I have been given my first manuscript to review for a journal. The topic is a very good one, it fills a research gap nicely and is an area that I specialise in. However, the execution of the paper is ...
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3answers
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Is it inappropriate for an author to copy and paste from his/her original paper in an extension paper?

I am currently a referee for a paper. One of the authors of the paper had written an earlier paper, which I will refer to as the "original paper," and the paper which I am now refereeing is an ...
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How much time does each stage of paper in Elsevier Editorial System (EES) take? [closed]

We have submitted a paper to an Elsevier Journal and now I want to know how much time each stage in article lifecycle take? There is an article in Elsevier site which describes different status of a ...