Questions tagged [legal-issues]

On legal issues affecting academicians. Note that Academia.SE, like any SE site, cannot offer specific legal advice; consult a lawyer for such questions. Use [law], not [legal-issues], for questions on law as an academic discipline or field of study.

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26 votes
4 answers
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Would it violate copyright to retype a classic mathematics book from the 1960s using modern notation and uploading it online?

Suppose I am reading a classic book in mathematics that was published in the 1960s. This book uses very old notation, which makes it impossible to read it. Suppose further that I want to read the ...
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18 votes
3 answers
5k views

Is it legal if I print PDF files of Springer books for personal use?

As a Canadian undergraduate student, I have access to all Springer books on their website, provided that I log in with my institutional account. Springer books can be downloaded as PDF files. Because ...
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4 votes
0 answers
88 views

What are appropriate measures to keep use of reference managers within the GDPR?

The GDPR (or national legislation implementing it) places requirements on anyone who processes personally identifiable data concerning residents of the EU and the UK. As per this question the GDPR ...
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4 votes
2 answers
278 views

Moving abroad with books marked "for sale in Indian subcontinent only"

I am soon going to move from India to Norway. I own multiple reference books that will be relevant to my work in the future as well and I plan to move with my books. Several of the editions that I own ...
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  • 1,071
10 votes
2 answers
302 views

Drastic changes in tenure process and requirements during evaluation

I am an assistant prof. on a tenure-track in the US, in an institution that was heavily oriented toward teaching when I was hired, but that is gradually gearing toward more intensive research ...
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13 votes
7 answers
6k views

Can I sue my advisor due to not giving me authorship

So long story short is that, while I was doing my masters I have worked with a PhD candidate on a paper. I basically developed half of the system and did all the experiments while I was doing my ...
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1 vote
1 answer
348 views

Is it acceptable / legal for students to photograph their professors during class? [closed]

Recently, I noticed a student taking a photo of me from her seat during class. I asked her while the class was working on groups if she indeed did do this and she confirmed, but downplayed her ...
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12 votes
9 answers
5k views

How to safeguard marketable ideas from being stolen?

Say I plan to share an idea with a professor that has the potential to inspire a biotech startup. What forward-looking steps can I, as an undergraduate, take beforehand to ensure the professor won't ...
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0 votes
0 answers
133 views

Can age limit be an issue for postdoc in China? [duplicate]

I have got post doc position in China a year back when I was 34. Due to Covid situations, my permit expired before and now lab fellow is planning again to apply for work permit but my age is 35 now. ...
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3 votes
2 answers
307 views

Is it legal to share some exercises with solutions of a book with students?

I am going to teach a course in the Winter term and I have access to the solution manual provided by the publisher. Is it legal to share some questions (not the whole questions) with their answers ...
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  • 207
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Can you reference a book if the author forbids it? Or maybe I have misunderstood the legal part of the book?

I would like to reference thoughts from a book, which would be a legal and normal thing to do, but there is a part on the first page of the book which makes me confused. Maybe the author forbids even ...
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  • 71
0 votes
1 answer
297 views

Collaborator asks me to share a paywalled article - how to deny that request?

A collaborator has asked me to share a PDF of a pay-walled article with her. She can't access the article because it's pay-walled (though her institution should be wealthy enough to provide access). ...
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  • 4,680
3 votes
1 answer
261 views

I'm an F1 PhD student, but I'm continuing my PhD remotely. Can I work (legally)?

I'm doing a PhD at a university in the United States. I am in dissertation status. I am continuing the PhD remotely from outside of the US for the foreseeable future. I am not a US citizen, so am on ...
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3 votes
1 answer
115 views

Where/how can I find out if I can use this paper commercially vs for research purposes only?

I wanted to implement this paper for commercial purposes, but the licence for use is not mentioned at all. https://arxiv.org/pdf/1902.09104.pdf Dynamic Feature Fusion for Semantic Edge Detection Where/...
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3 votes
2 answers
250 views

I have been asked for names of referees during signing offer letter

I have recently signed an offer letter for a faculty position.This is not a permanent position. One of the required documents in the offer letter was the names of referees. As far as I know my ...
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12 votes
2 answers
2k views

When under pressure from the industry, how can I protect myself/coauthors?

Our group (western Europe/Switzerland) has submitted a review on a device that generates a lot of money (i.e. multibillion $ industry). Our results speak mildly against the use of said device, ...
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  • 423
1 vote
1 answer
69 views

Can I show fragments of research articles in an educational video? [closed]

I'm considering making a public educational video about finding information using search engines like Pubmed. I consider filming the whole process with searching, reading and analyzing the abstract ...
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2 votes
1 answer
86 views

Copyrights on epigrams in a commercial publication of academic work [closed]

An acquaintance of mine - let's call him Robert - is having a book published based on his academic research. The book targets the general public, and the publication is commercial, albeit with a ...
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-5 votes
1 answer
162 views

I am employed full-time with a part-time PhD. Can I take up an internship and get paid in my home country to bypass limits on number of hours worked? [closed]

I am working as an International research assistant in a public organization in Germany. I am also doing a part-time PhD from a different university, and the topic of the PhD is different. So, I am ...
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0 votes
1 answer
292 views

Publishing to MDPI and reupload at researchgate?

Is it legal to publish an Open Access article at MDPI and then reupload this article after publication at researchgate? Furthermore, is it possible to change the layout of the article into a standard ...
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5 votes
1 answer
154 views

In what countries is research fraud considered a crime? [closed]

I'm interested in knowing what countries is research fraud considered a crime. I'm specifically referring to any type of research dishonesty, such as publishing a knowingly fraudulent paper or data. ...
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  • 2,751
1 vote
2 answers
670 views

Can a public university block me on their official social media account if I am a student and/or employee?

I am a Ph.D. student at a large public university in the US. I am working on completing my defense and trying to graduate before the end of the summer term. I found out recently, rather accidentally, ...
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19 votes
6 answers
7k views

Regarding a PhD advisor rejecting student due to health problems

I have a colleague (call them "Joe") in my PhD math program who told me that they approached a certain professor (call them "Dr. X") to ask them to be their advisor. Joe seemed ...
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4 votes
2 answers
406 views

Is publishing paper containing information acquired from sites such as Sci-Hub illegal?

There are already some discussions on whether it's illegal to use Sci-Hub for research purposes, such as in this Academia SE thread. But one answer and comments there open up another question: Is it ...
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1 vote
1 answer
296 views

Is it ok to record a conversation with a professor without their knowledge and can it be used as evidence? [closed]

If a student is being harassed or expecting to be harassed, can the student record the meeting with the professor without the professor’s knowledge? Additionally, could this recording be used to ...
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3 votes
3 answers
267 views

Forcing to list a co-author that did not contribute after publishing [closed]

We published a paper, me as first and corresponding author. There was a technician who repeatedly refused to work, did useless measurements after having been forced, which he never evaluated and ...
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  • 31
3 votes
1 answer
582 views

I'm international PhD student and I may get terminated soon. Advice urgently needed

Apologies if this is not the right place to ask this question, but I absolutely need advice. I am currently third-year international PhD student living in United States on F1 visa and full funding. So ...
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  • 33
4 votes
2 answers
300 views

What happens if the grant requirement for open access publications is not respected? [small & short-duration grants]

EDIT: I am referring to short duration (1-2 years) small grants (10k-30k $/euros) usually given to PhD or post-docs. The amount needs to cover material, conferences, publications, etc. Publishers now ...
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0 votes
1 answer
247 views

Is it illegal to explain someone else's research paper on my website? [closed]

Can I explain someone else's research paper on my website if I am properly citing the paper author with a link from where I got access to that paper? The website takes no credit for the paper but only ...
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2 votes
3 answers
194 views

Is material produced for a course considered property of the department?

I was asked last year to set up a completely new course, far from my expertise (say, you work on differential equations but they ask you to teach general relativity). The department did not give me ...
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  • 7,124
1 vote
1 answer
276 views

Legal responsibility of a university for international students (Europe)

I am a non-EU student in a European university that has international master and doctoral programs for foreign students. I have found the university does not offer important forms in English that ...
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2 votes
1 answer
197 views

Could a teacher or the university be legally liable in this situation? In which countries? [closed]

Could a teacher or the university be legally liable in this situation? In which countries? Could the teacher be reprimanded by the university? The situation is the following: A teacher wants to show ...
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-2 votes
3 answers
4k views

I downoaded articles from libgen (didn't know was illegal) and it seems that advisor used them to publish his work

I did download some articles from libgen and by then I didn't know it wasn't right to do so, well some people say that there's no problem but honestly I think it is and I'm scared for what this ...
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8 votes
1 answer
304 views

Should I mention my undocumented status in faculty applications?

I am looking to apply to several junior faculty positions this Fall and Winter. Many positions allow you to submit an optional diversity statement where I had intended to discuss my undocumented legal ...
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6 votes
1 answer
297 views

How do American universities handle cases of discrimination? [closed]

Many non-American students come to America in the hope of good education and support from their academic advisors. How should anyone handle discrimination based on national origin by American ...
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30 votes
6 answers
9k views

How to proceed after being threatened and treated poorly by university faculty after reporting physical assault? [closed]

I’m an Indian PhD student at a mathematics department in the US. A few months back, I was deliberately shoulder-bumped for a few seconds by another PhD student. This student had previously chased me ...
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1 vote
1 answer
376 views

Remote postdoc in the US legal questions

I have a postdoc fellowship in Europe that will end in several months and I am considering applying for a remote postdoc (my field is theoretical/computational and does not require any in-person work ...
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  • 1,196
3 votes
1 answer
307 views

Does a college have a legal obligation to offer advertised courses?

If a US college/university advertises itself as having a certain major, with supporting courses, are they legally obliged to offer the courses or similar ones? I am thinking of a new program where the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
226 views

Can FERPA or privacy laws be used to censor medical information on my college transcript?

I had to medically withdraw from one semester at an American university due to documented illness. My transcripts indicate that the withdrawal is due to a medical reason. Can I use FERPA or other ...
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  • 267
1 vote
0 answers
59 views

Can I add code in the supplementary material of my thesis which builds up on an existing library?

I've written a thesis in the context of global illumination. The explorations are purely theoretical, but I've implemented the basic building blocks of the described approach and would like to add ...
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  • 111
2 votes
1 answer
92 views

Does a research competition with monetary prizes count as commerical use?

There are some datasets (bioinformatics, agriculture, weather, etc.) that state that they can only be used for non-commercial purposes. This would mean a corporation cannot take that dataset and use ...
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1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Is it legal to upload PDFs of my papers on a personal website & research-networking websites? [duplicate]

I've created a .com personal website where I intend to describe my research, including full-text PDF copies of my published papers. I was going to also make these PDFs available in my account on ...
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  • 304
-8 votes
3 answers
811 views

Can suing one university hurt your admission chances at another? [closed]

I'm considering sue my alma mater for intentional infliction of emotional distress (if they won't settle with me). However, at the same time, it wouldn't be worth jeopardizing my chances at another ...
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  • 1,645
2 votes
1 answer
785 views

Is this website that claims to provide paper writing services real and legal? [closed]

I've found a jaw-dropping page that offers to write essays for you (link redacted to avoid promoting them). Quotes: SWAMPED WITH WRITING ASSIGNMENTS? EXCEL AT ACADEMIC PAPER WRITING WITH OUR HELP ...
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1 vote
1 answer
162 views

Showing book cover in public presentation

I have a follow up question from my previous question that I thought could be of benefit to others if they had the same question. I’m giving a public talk for a sci-com event and wanted to show some ...
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4 votes
1 answer
349 views

Using paper figure for public talk

I’m giving a public talk (to laypeople in a sci-com event) and wanted to showcase some figures from research papers that weren’t mine. I wanted to know: If putting citations (Author, Year) followed ...
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3 votes
1 answer
149 views

Does personal use include using the data for publication purpose

I am a researcher and am interested in a weather data. I found a suitable data at Weather Grounded Organization. I would like to use this data for my research project (publication). However, I do not ...
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  • 380
25 votes
7 answers
10k views

In which countries is cheating in university exams considered a crime?

In the comments to the question Methods to track behind cheating on exams using on-line sites? , Federico Poloni states that cheating is considered a felony in Italy (see https://www.normattiva.it/...
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  • 2,133
83 votes
16 answers
18k views

Is it valid to modify a student's exam grade if you feel they did not earn it?

I am a graduate student who teaches their own class. I have a supervisor who I report to for everything, including final grades. We have a meeting every semester at the end to review our final grades ...
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2 votes
2 answers
266 views

Waiver Form for Remote Video Class

I will be teaching higher-level math classes in a Texas community college this coming Summer semesters. I will be using the same platform that I have been using for this Spring semester since the ...
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