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Questions tagged [europe]

On standards or conventions specific to the European higher education system, which differs in structure and style from the systems in North America, Asia, or Oceania. Keep in mind that many different countries, customs and regulations coexist in Europe, so many questions will not have a unique answer that applies to the whole continent.

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30
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5answers
7k views

PhD in the US compared to Europe

I start my master studies this fall in quantitative finance/economics in Europe. Since this will just take 3-4 semesters I want to take a look ahead and obviously PhD is one option to do. So I am ...
13
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3answers
3k views

Does it make sense for the professor to write a recommendation letter that is directly readable by the student?

It seems that US universities usually provide a link to the professor of the applicant, and let him/her directly upload the recommendation letter to that link, meaning that the student would have no ...
40
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7answers
17k views

Why are US PhDs different from European PhDs?

So apparently I heard from here, here and here about the differences in PhDs in the US and in Europe. To sum up, it takes longer, on average, in the US than in Europe to finish a PhD since US PhD ...
3
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6answers
3k views

PhD in Europe without scholarship from non-European homeland

I earned my bachelors in Computer Engineering from my home country. I am now enrolled in a Physics masters program in the same university. Next year I plan to find a different university in Europe in ...
7
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2answers
3k views

What is a European Doctorate Programme?

I am currently a PhD student in a EU country and recently I was advised to pursue a European Doctorate Programme. I thought that, being "European", it was some kind of regulated, inter-country ...
50
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10answers
13k views

Is education in Europe really this cheap?

Is tuition in Europe really US$300 or €200 a year? That is one tenth the cost of the tuition in the developing country university where I took my bachelor's and master's. Is it really true that some ...
52
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6answers
8k views

How do I know how well I am progressing in my PhD?

A striking difference between being a student following courses and a PhD student doing research is the independence and lack of rigid structures such as homework and exams. I started a PhD in ...
9
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3answers
1k views

Doing a habilitation in Mathematics in Europe for a non EU citizen?

I'm a non-EU citizen, currently doing a postdoc in mathematics in Europe, and I'm thinking of doing a habilitation. Since my google search didn't yield much, I'd appreciate if you could please answer ...
9
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6answers
37k views

European Ph.D. student salary range web site [closed]

Is there any web site that shows average Ph.D. student salaries in European countries, and also information about living cost and so on? update: what about France and Germany?
20
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5answers
2k views

Can I live off post-docs?

I'm currently a theoretical/mathematical physics PhD student in Brazil. I still have little more than a year until my PhD finishes, and as far as tradition goes, it's soon time to look for a post-doc ...
31
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6answers
4k views

Education or employment: What is a post-doc? What is a PhD student?

I’m afraid this question is mostly opinion-based, but I was wondering if there is any piece of material out there that covers the spectrum of opinions. What exactly is a post-doc? Is it an education, ...
14
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2answers
2k views

How to improve myself as a recitation (discussion,lab,tutorial) teacher?

This question is related to How to improve myself as a lecturer?. However, being a PhD student, my main teaching obligation is leading recitations, i.e. sessions for groups of ~20 students that take ...
4
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3answers
13k views

Can I be admitted to a master's in the USA after a 3-year European bachelor's program?

I am an Indian citizen and I'm planning to go for my bachelors to Germany. Since schooling in Germany is 13 years in length, I'll study 1 year in India before going there. I wanted to ask that after ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

What protections exist in the European Union against discrimination in an educational institution?

For those who aren't familiar with it, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act ("504" for short) is the U.S. law that protects the civil rights of students with disabilities at institutions that receive ...
1
vote
2answers
209 views

2 majors with average grades or 1 major with excellent grades?

Is it incentivised to pursuit two (related) majors (eg. Math and Aero- Space Engineering) or a single major (eg. Math)? The question is asked with the premise that if one chose a single major, one ...
-1
votes
2answers
456 views

You must have a relevant Bachelor's degree to get into European grad schools in sciences? [closed]

Using Bio-sciences as an example, below seems to be the norm for admission prerequisites. US grad school in Bio-sciences: Have taken Bio 1 & 2, Chem 1 & 2, Physics 1 & 2 + some upper ...
131
votes
14answers
28k views

How to build healthy working relationships with my male colleagues as a young-ish, attractive-ish woman?

I'm a PhD candidate from Asia currently visiting a prestigious university in Europe. Recently I've noticed quite some "strange" behaviours of male "colleagues" around me (by "colleagues", I don't mean ...
26
votes
8answers
12k views

How does one go about doing a Ph.D. in Europe as an American?

I'm entering my senior year of college in the US and I'm starting to consider my options for graduate school next year. My field is kind of blurry, in that I have certain research areas that I'm ...
19
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4answers
7k views

Academic salaries at European universities

Is there a good source to compare academic salaries at European universities? For example, what are the salaries of full professors in different countries? I would particularly welcome a possible ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Postdoctoral fellowships/calls to work in Europe for scientists/mathematicians/engineers that are similar to Marie curie?

I was wondering where I can find any information on the postdoctoral fellowships/calls to work in Europe which are similar to Marie Curie? I'm doing my basic internet search on this, but don't seem to ...
28
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4answers
11k views

What are the long-term advantages of a US PhD compared to Europe/Oceania?

I have applied to PhD programs in ecology in Europe (Germany, Denmark, UK) and Oceania (Australia/New Zealand). Now the deadlines for US programs are coming up and I am debating whether I should apply ...
8
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5answers
2k views

Do European PhD programs have a qualifying exam, and if so, what form do they take?

Now, I understand that European PhDs are far from monolithic in format, and that most quals in my field (physics) can fall into two general formats, as far as North American PhD programs are concerned:...
35
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3answers
8k views

Teaching the daughter of a lecturer, while being simultaneously enrolled in his course

I'm a student in a bachelor program at a local university, while I'm also a teacher (professional school) of apprenticeship students within the same sphere of study. A few days ago I received the ...
13
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3answers
2k views

Disclosing hidden disability to employer

I'm doing a project-based postdoc in an European university. I have serious ongoing eye conditions that significantly affect my reading speed and as a result it took me 5 years to complete my PhD in ...
3
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2answers
527 views

What should I do to get into a PhD in Mathematics in Europe without a thesis in my BSc and MSc?

I'm going to apply for a PhD in Mathematics in Europe with my BSc and MSc in Mathematics and Applied Mathematics (respectively), from two top-tier (say, top 10-20) US universities with advanced ...
15
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1answer
663 views

Is the status of postdocs perceived differently in western Europe vs. North-America?

In a footnote at this answer by on leaving a postdoc early, user Luke Mathieson writes: A postdoc in the US has lower status that it does in Europe/Australia/New Zealand/..., I'm aware that ...
11
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1answer
2k views

Role/importance of letters of recommendation for PhD-applications in Europe?

In the US PhD prospects apply to several universities and those select an amount of applicants from that pool according to how many open spots the universities have for that term. Criteria for ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the equivalent of European “seminar” in US universities?

At my Czech university where I study computer science (but I believe math and physics are organized the same way here), most courses have both lectures (professor presenting the topic to a large class)...
5
votes
2answers
243 views

Motivation letter for tenure track position

A tenure track position I'm applying to (Netherlands) asks for a "motivation letter" in addition to the research statement. It doesn't give any details about what it should contain. Therefore my ...
-3
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2answers
265 views

Why is it necessary to have a master’s in Europe to apply for PhD?

When I look for a PhD position, they always write that they need a master’s degree. However, most of the times I see that I have all the experience they are looking for. PhD is a lab-based work, so ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

European style PhD in the US

I'm wondering are there any PhD programs (specifically in machine learning) in the US that are structured more like the European ones, i.e. where you immediately start doing research and don't spend ...
8
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2answers
1k views

How and why are PhD programs free in Europe?

In some European countries, PhD programs are free. As I understand, PhD opening depends on the research funds of the supervisor. In other words, PhD research is funded by a national agency or EU. ...
8
votes
1answer
244 views

University Teaching Certifications for Different Countries

A while back I asked this question which was about teaching certifications. As I dig into the subject more, it seems teaching certifications are quite rare for university teachers in many countries. ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Should I include research stays in my CV?

During my PhD I was invited three times by two researchers to stay and do research in their lab, one week at a time. I'm now a postdoc and applying to tenured jobs in Europe (yay). Should I include ...
5
votes
2answers
792 views

How are mathematics PhDs from the USA viewed in mainland European universities?

Do American-educated mathematics PhDs generally have an advantage over natively educated PhDs (in, say, France or Italy) in applying for research positions?
4
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1answer
105 views

Europe: Central Academic CS Job Market Service like CRA?

When searching for faculty positions in CS, I find the service http://cra.org/ads/ very useful. There you can find many job ads from North America based institutions. Is there any similar service for ...
4
votes
1answer
639 views

Awarding Habilitation to senior researchers?

For some positions and activities, a Habilitation is required in countries like France and Germany. My crude understanding is that in Germany, but not in France, one needs to write a special thesis ...
1
vote
2answers
229 views

In places outside the US and Europe, how do I know if the standard is that one applies to a PhD program with a specific PhD advisor already in mind?

Suppose I want to apply to PhD programs at a university outside of the US and Europe. How do I know if most universities there follow what the US is doing or what Europe is doing? Elaboration: How ...
1
vote
3answers
270 views

Make my Professor a gift [duplicate]

I just received my diploma from my university. I'm very happy and my results aren't that bad either. Now, as the result is already known, I would like to thank my professor and my supervisor for their ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Are there still teaching professor positions in Western Europe in Biology/Env Sciences? [closed]

It seems that I can't find any evidence of just teaching positions in universities across Europe, aside from the temporary position for a semester or two. I am mainly interested in Italy, France, ...