Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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7
votes
3answers
653 views

Is there a trollish/novelty/esoteric citation style?

In programming, there are these so-called "esoteric programming languages" like "LOLCODE" or "Shakespeare," which really have pretty much zero usefulness. They are just kind of a novelty, or if a ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Citing “p. x” to mean page ten of a book looks confusing since “x” isn't clearly a Roman Numeral

By theory, I should cite page x (page ten) like [Krusche1999, p. x]. If it were on page iii or page xi, it would look better, such as [Krusche1999, p. iii] or [Krusche1999, p. xi]. However, it is on ...
0
votes
2answers
663 views

How to cite page from section-page number style document?

I've come across a problem during my bachelor thesis. I'd like to cite a single page in a document, but it uses the "section-page" style of numbering pages of the document. It appear like I'm ...
2
votes
5answers
9k views

What is the IEEE citation style for content obtained from wikipedia?

I have added a paragraph from wikipedia in my thesis. Now I need to add reference to that wikipedia page. What is the IEEE formatting and citation style for that? Currently I use as below. In chapter ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

How to cite a chapter from a report with different authors?

I have to cite a multi-chapter report. Every chapter has different authors. Should I cite with the name of the main author and then the specific chapter? Or should I use the first author of the ...
2
votes
1answer
39k views

How should I cite a screenshot in APA style for my student paper?

When adding a reference to an image that is a screenshot, what is the proper way to cite in APA style? Also, who is considered the artist in this case? The person who took the screenshot, the website ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

How to differentiate long paraphrasing and original ideas with APA in-text citations?

Let's say I have the following paragraph: Smith (2011) contends that blah blah blah. Blah blah blah blah blah blah blah. blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah. This allows for one to decide ...
1
vote
2answers
9k views

In the Harvard referencing style, is it wrong to put references in footnotes?

I have a discussion with my mate about how to reference with the Harvard referencing style. I would say it is wrong to do the referencing like in the picture below. My suggestion was that the ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to cite a dataset, when my calculations relied on the data?

Occasionally I need to present some figures that I calculated with custom scripts against a dataset, such as a dictionary, text corpus, or some form of lexical database. The calculations are my own, ...
2
votes
3answers
18k views

How to cite different chapters of a book in the same paragraph?

Background: I'm writing a master's thesis with APA citations. In one paragraph, I cite two unrelated pieces of information that happen to come from different chapters of the same textbook. It's ...
0
votes
1answer
14k views

Should the fullstop go inside or outside the brackets for Harvard in-line citations?

I was always taught to put the fullstop inside the brackets, but a couple of Harvard in-line citations I'm seeing put the fullstop outside, e.g. (Hyvönen, 2007; Joshi, 2001; Kaplan, 1984). Is this ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

How to cite from a book with more authors?

Some books start each chapter with a short inspirational quote from some famous person e.g. Chapter 1. "I think, therefore I am" -René Descartes I would like to do the same and I found ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Why should I format a citation manually without bibliographic software?

During a lecture (and a separate presentation) my instructor told us about bibliographic software, how it composes references automatically and is able to correctly cite articles in many formats. The ...
10
votes
3answers
956 views

Is there a standard for capitalization in references of math papers?

How do you capitalize the titles of references in a math paper? Would you rather write: Global smooth solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations or Global Smooth Solutions of the Navier-Stokes ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

Are page references required when citing the same quote multiple times?

In an MLA format humanities essay, if you've quoted a long chunk of text at the beginning, do you need to provide page references when citing phrases from it later on?
3
votes
1answer
271 views

How to cite an aside article in a bible MLA format

I have an a NIV Arcaeological Study Bible and am taking an Old Testament studies course. This bible has a lot of articles about archaeology and history alongside scripture. None of the articles have ...
2
votes
3answers
221 views

Help picking an appropriate citing style

I wrote a paper about governance mechanisms at StackExchange in which I got a lot of informations out of questions (especially on meta). I have kept all my references. My teacher is letting us pick ...
21
votes
5answers
32k views

How to cite Kindle books/ebooks when no fixed page numbers are available?

I got the following info from the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide website in relation to citing Kindle books or ebooks. If no fixed page numbers are available, you can include a section title or ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How should I cite a tool or a library in my article?

When using an online library, tool, framework or something similar, what is the proper way to reference it in an article? (I work in Computer Science). For example, I want to say that many popular ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

APA: How to cite chapter and edition in book

I was wondering the correct format for citing when including both book edition and the page range of the chapter. From owl purdue on citing chapter (APA): Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Conference Title - shall abbreviation and year be listed uniformly?

I'm just had a look at my citations and they are in an aweful state. Most conference papers that I imported into my citation manager have different styles, e.g.: IEEEE Conference on Emerging Txxx ...
1
vote
1answer
601 views

How to cite indirect sources in CSE/CBE (name–year) system?

I’m writing my first review paper and I don’t know much about the CSE system. I couldn’t find the indirect citation rule for CSE (but for others). So how do I cite indirectly in this style?
49
votes
5answers
6k views

Should I cite author names as they appear in the journal or as I know them to be complete?

Since I've been using Mendeley to manage and extract metadata from my PDFs, I've come to notice that authors are sometimes denoted with all their initials and sometimes with just one. I assume this ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Referencing forum comments and translating citations using the Harvard citation style

I'm using the Harvard citation style for a paper for the first time in my life, and I can't figure out how to cite specific comments on a web forum. Can I simply treat in like any other web resource, ...
30
votes
3answers
30k views

How should 'van'-names be ordered in a bibliography?

How would names with 'van', written in the Dutch style - e.g. van Beukering, J., be ordered in a bibliography? Do we count the 'van' element so that e.g. van Beukering, J. would be some point after ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

APA style for program used in a study

APA Format: When writing the name of a program I used in a study (MyFriendQuest) do I need to italicise the name or add a trademark sign? I am not sure how to stylise the name of the program or if I ...