Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4
votes
1answer
573 views

Why does the Chicago referencing guide use colons for page numbers in some cases, and commas in others?

I love the Chicago Manual of Style notes-bibliography referencing style, although I treat it as the lesser of many evils. For instance, this has always bugged me: why is it that in footnotes, the page ...
1
vote
1answer
657 views

PNAS citation style for chapters in a book series

I am currently trying to format the reference list of my latest article for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Unfortunately, PNAS has its own reference style, and it is minimally ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Is it standard practice to make sure that multiple, numbered citations occuring together are ordered? [closed]

If including multiple, numbered citations together, is it standard practice^ to order them according to number? For example, one might see Several studies [1,3,5] show that quantity X is relevant to ...
3
votes
1answer
874 views

APA citation of a published interview

I am strugging to find a consistent answer on how to correctly reference a chapter in a book, that is an interview. (The book in question is avaliable as PDF here) The book is edited by two authors ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

MHRA: citing texts from foreign language - original in footnotes?

I often insert quotes from foreign languages in my undergraduate essays. I translate them in English in the main text, but do I have to put the original text in the footnotes? It will make them long ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Using an author's citations in a peer reviewed articles

I'm reading this peer-review article which I'm certainly going to use as a source for my paper. The article is written by Robert E. Denton. Now, in this Denton article, Denton quotes an excerpt from ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Citation signals in numbered references

I'm reformatting a manuscript from author-date referencing to Nature's (superscript) numbered referencing. How can I include citation signals such as 'e.g.,' or 'see'? For example, how should I ...
2
votes
1answer
325 views

How do I cite a webpage with no author but a possible corporate author?

In Harvard style, for links such as: http://corporate.wwe.com/news/2002/wwe-corporate-world-wrestling-federation-entertainment-drops-the-f, since there's no clear author, I am usually citing it as (...
21
votes
4answers
3k views

Is strict adherence to a citation format really necessary in actual research?

In high school and college I remember whenever doing some research for a class, my English teacher then will look at the citation at the end and use a red pen to mark out any place where MLA format is ...
3
votes
2answers
21k views

How to cite in APA format for an author who uses only a first name?

How do I cite in APA format for an author who uses only a first name?
2
votes
1answer
572 views

Shortened IEEE citation?

I am writing an IEEE conference paper (IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topicals) and I sometimes see that shortened version of citations are used, without the title of paper. For example, something like ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

Citing an ISO standard with multiple parts, using Harvard style?

I would like to cite an ISO standard that is split into multiple parts, I want to cite the whole standard but am unsure of how to do this in Harvard style. ISO 14230 Road vehicles – Diagnostic ...
1
vote
2answers
405 views

Do books need a URL when cited?

I'm writing my thesis with Latex and I use Mendeley for the citation. When I add a book and specify some attributes, like title, author and ISBN, Mendeley automatically adds some missing attributes. ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Caption for a figure reproduced from a CC-licensed document

In a research paper for a journal, which uses Science magazine publication style, I'm reproducing a diagram from a document, which has a Creative Commons (CC)-based open document license. The diagram (...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How to specify Russian (foreign) authors in the bibliography of an article in English? [duplicate]

I am writing an article for publication in English. It is necessary to include references to articles written by Russian authors in Russian language. Do I have to translate their names and titles of ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Name and cite specific figures/results of related work

Currently I am writing a paper and would like to cite specific things in the related work section of other papers. For example: In figure 4 in name of the related work [\cite] you can see ...
4
votes
2answers
621 views

“Official” journal abbreviation of MAGMA

I am struck by the use of "Magn Reson Mater Phy" as an abbreviation by the journal "Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine" (a.k.a. "MAGMA"). See here for an example. Their ...
3
votes
1answer
685 views

Vancouver style citation and multiple sentences

I use a numbered citation style in my research paper. How should I use a citation when I have multiple sentences from the same source? E.g. for one sentence it’s easy: My apple is red (1). ...
0
votes
1answer
18k views

How would I cite the US Constitution in Harvard style?

How would I go about citing the US constitution (specifically the 1st Amendment) using the Harvard style? I'd like to add it using Mendeley, but just plain text would be fine. If someone could let ...
0
votes
1answer
7k views

How to cite a newspaper article with no author in APA style using MS Word?

I have cited a news story appeared in a newspaper with no author in APA style using MS Word 2013, but I don't know if I have done it in the right way. I classified it as "Article in a Periodical", but ...
2
votes
2answers
700 views

Book series in bibliography?

At one time I tried to be able to remember obscure journal abbreviations and the like, but recently I started favouring more bulky bibliography entries. So I started wondering if it might be useful ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

(Author Date) inline citations vs anonymous references with ISO 690

I am trying to use the the Czech language ISO 690 style in the (Author Year) variant. However, citing anonymous references seems unsatisfactory. I am getting just "(ANON. 2016)". That gives almost ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Should titles in the references be in title case?

I wonder whether titles in the reference section be in title case, given that the publication venue's style files and publication instructions do not specify. For example, which of the following ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

Correct way to cite paper that is published as part of a book

I'm working on the last parts of my diploma in computer engineering. Right now i'm working over my bibliography. And i'm not quite sure what's the best way to include a citation. Both refer to the ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

Abbreviating first names in the bibliography

In my bibliography I use the names of the authors as they are given in the publication. Usually this will be the last name, the first name not abbreviated and second names abbreviated. However, I now ...
1
vote
1answer
213 views

When citing in MLA, do you need to cite the same source twice?

I have a Works Cited in MLA style. Two of my sources look like this: http://www.example.com/a/x.html http://www.example.com/a/y.html#42 Do I need to cite both pages, or do I just cite example.com?
3
votes
1answer
167 views

What do all the numbers mean in a pubmed shorthand citation?

At the top of a pubmed abstract, there's a "shorthand" citation, and I don't know what the numbers mean. For example: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008;1129:323-9. doi: 10.1196/annals.1417.017. What do all ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How do I cite programming manuals and software user guides in IEEE

I have seen posts on citing documents, but none of them have specified IEEE format in particular. So here is my question. How do I cite technical reference manuals and software user guides in the IEEE ...
3
votes
1answer
14k views

How to cite spreadsheets or other documents for in-line citations?

I've googled around and haven't found any information. I'm using data from a table in a spreadsheet, accessed from a website (The Statistics Bureau of Japan) and I don't know how I should cite it ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Proper way of referencing ranges of chapters

When I need to cite a range of pages in a source, I (well, LaTeX) write: See Smith (2010:30–34) Similarly, when I need to reference a range of sections, I write: See Smith (2010:§§3.1–3.4) For ...
8
votes
2answers
167 views

What is the grammatical number of an inline citation?

Which of the following is correct? a) Johnson et al. (2010) prove that all snow is yellow. b) Johnson et al. (2010) proves that all snow is yellow. I suppose the question boils down to ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Position of infixes of names (e.g. “van”) in bibliographies

When I create a bibliography, do infixes of names always go with the surname as follows? Van de Sompel, Herbert van Leeuwen, Theo The examples come from bibliographies I have within my ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to cite the same reference in a paragraph twice in APA style?

Content in the paper: This problem can be solved with the application of machine learning algorithms. Machine Learning is the process of programming computers to optimize a performance ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Can I make a citation only in the beginning of a chapter?

I asked a question related to my current thesis on mathoverflow.com and got there a really helpful answer by Iosif Pinelis. Obviously I want to cite his answer. Is it enough to put something like the ...
2
votes
2answers
573 views

Harvard referencing and in-text referencing for Chapters

Say in the reference list you have referenced a book: can you reference a chapter in that book in-text as such: (Doe 2011, Chapter 3)? I don't necessarily want to go with the option of referencing ...
10
votes
3answers
227 views

Should I normalize inconsistent proceedings titles?

I work in a discipline where titles of published conference proceedings are notoriously inconsistent. (Perhaps all disciplines are like this?) For example, various years' proceedings of the same ...
0
votes
2answers
138 views

Official reference doesn't include author

I want to cite an IEEE norm in a document. They provide several way to cite it on their website and in particular bibTeX. This is perfect because I use LaTeX. However, the citation does not contain ...
49
votes
4answers
10k views

How to refer to a source with typos in the title?

How to cite a paper with a typographical error in the title. In the reference list, should I correct it (and make it hard to find) or let it as is (and make an impression I was sloppy)?
6
votes
3answers
232 views

Citations - when should you add the initial?

It is common practice - at least in mathematics - to refer to people one cites in the paper simply by a surname. Hence, one could see sentences like "This awesome theorem is due to Smith.". However, ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

What is the correct way of citing scientific publications?

The APA citation basics write: If you refer to the title of a source within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters long or greater within the title of a source: Permanence and ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

How and where should images be cited? [duplicate]

I am currently working on a paper where we use one image from another paper. How and where should I denote that? Currently, we have the image source only in the caption like this: \caption{...
0
votes
3answers
127 views

Citations in a Paper After the Whole Quotation is Shown

Say I have a quotation that is written at the top of my page something like this: Abook Robert Contor was always an odd fellow, but when the neighbors discovered his secret, everything changed....
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How to cite regularly published editorials that have no specific titles?

Many magazines and journals have standard editorial pieces such as a letter from the editor to introduce that month's publication; or closing comments written by different people. For example, the ...
21
votes
2answers
3k views

How to cite a paper with erratum?

I want to cite a paper [A], which has been corrected by an erratum [B] in the same journal. I have not found a rule how to cite this case. Is it proper to cite [A,B], or just [A] or just [B]. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
267 views

How to shorten the list of authors in case of joint first authorship?

Articles often put a shortened list of authors at the top of the page (e.g., J Smith et al.). What is best in case of joint first authorship (for example: John Smith, Jane Doe, ... 5 more authors)? ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

How to cite primary source that's also featured in a book

This is a bit confusing. I'm currently writing a cookbook, and a chef said he would send me one of his restaurant's recipes. When he did, it was in the form of a scan of the recipe as it was featured ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Meaning of et al. when referring to multiple papers with the same first author

I am citing some papers with the same first author but different co-authors. For example, [1] is a paper by X, Y and Z, and [2] is a paper by X, A and B. Would X et al. [1,2] be appropriate here? ...
0
votes
1answer
424 views

How to cite a complex web-based resource?

I want to cite the IUPAC Compendium of of Chemical Terminology - Gold Book in ACS reference style (American Chemical Society). This resource is not just a web page and the ACS reference guide doesn't ...
55
votes
8answers
4k views

Can cited works hold grammatical positions in sentences?

Though I read this style quite often, I was recently told unambiguously by a reviewer that I was NOT supposed to use citations "as if they are objects in a sentence." The following sentence is an ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to cite a conference paper with no pagination?

I want to cite a conference paper that is in IEEE format. Unfortunately, the paper doesn't have any page range and volume number as I've downloaded it. Here you can see the paper that I want to ...