Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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10k views

What is the correct APA citation style with two places and two publishers

Is this the correct APA form of citation with two publishers in different locations? Cazes, S., & Verick, S. (2013). The labour markets of emerging economies: Has growth translated into more and ...
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1answer
14k views

How to cite paper with several co-first authors in APA style?

It's common in my field to have articles with many (>>6) authors including several "co-first authors." For example: A. Anderson*, B. Brown*, C. Clark, D. Davidson, ..., Z. Zed * These authors ...
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1answer
103 views

Are multiple APA citations supposed to make the same claim or do they combine?

Consider this example from APA style: Studies of reading in childhood have produced mixed results (Albright, Wayne, & Fortinbras, 2004; Gibson, 2011; Smith & Wexwood, 2010). Do all these ...
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2answers
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Question on rationale behind doubled “Int. Math. Res. Not. IMRN” journal name

I am not sure this forum is the right place for this question, but I'm pretty sure it would quickly be closed at MathOverflow. There is a well-known mathematics journal called "International ...
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2answers
698 views

In IEEE citation style how do I cite different sections of a book

This is not a specific LaTeX question, hence why I post it here. I am typing a report for a project. I use multiple sections of a handbook (say, page 113-116, a bit later 389-390, etc.). What is the ...
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1answer
211 views

Name writer by surname when citing

Normally when writing technical reports, I just cite an article something like this: In the case of binary classifications, the softmax activation function is not efficient [1]. But if something ...
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2answers
636 views

Is it appropriate to use acronyms when citing a source in MLA?

I'm writing an MLA research paper for a school assignment. When citing a source in-text, is it appropriate to use an acronym? For example, I'm citing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ...
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1answer
94 views

When should I introduce a reference?

I am currently writing my research proposal and I have a piece where I quote a book. In summary I am saying the following: Mr. X says that there is a very high probability that squares have four ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Citing paragraphs with multiple references

I am using MLA. I have two paragraphs which are paraphrases of 5 different papers over tillage. Each fact and statement in the two paragraphs are somehow (pretty directly) stated in each of those ...
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1answer
400 views

Should references in foreign language be translated to make popular audience get familiar with how academia works?

Typically, references in foreign language are cited with title and journal name in original language, whether they are academic or popular science books. As pointed out in this answer, popular science ...
7
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1answer
267 views

How should English reference be cited in a non-English work?

According to the Chicago Manual Style 16 edition, section 14.194 Translated Article Titles, non-English article cited in an English work follows this formula: Authors, "Original title," [English-...
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1answer
2k views

How to mention an amendment to the U.S. Constitution in text in APA style

In the dissertation, several amendments are mentioned in a general way. Do you spell out the amendment numbers or not or does it matter? Justice Douglas addressed the Eighth Amendment and the ...
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1answer
83 views

Where to use MLA in-text citations for Computer Science paper

I am currently working on a paper on the subject of Probabilistic Turing Machines. To do so, I will be using several print sources, as well as online resources. I have never written a computer science/...
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2answers
550 views

How to know which citation style is applied?

How to know which citation style is applied, if googling its characteristics does not reveal the name? In specific, do you know what is the name of this citation style? Merlis, Timothy M., and ...
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1answer
1k views

How to handle repeated references in footnotes?

I have to cite the same reference two times on each footnote on different pages. Suppose footnote note 1 on page 1 is the same reference as footnote 7 on page 4. Should I provide different serial ...
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1answer
360 views

Citing multiple Japanese authors [closed]

I'm trying to put a reference for article at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27894279 using APA format. Is this the right way to do it? Tadaka, E. Kono, A. Ito, E. Kanaya, Y. Dai, Y. Imamatsu, Y....
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1answer
441 views

How to cite multiple papers published in different years by the same authors in APA style?

http://www.easybib.com/guides/citation-guides/apa-format/how-to-cite-a-parenthetical-citations-apa/ In APA style, we have to use ampersand(&) instead of 'and' when we cite multiple authors in the ...
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1answer
71 views

Which is the easiest way for putting citations and references? [closed]

Most easy way to put references & citations?
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2answers
18k views

Which citation style is the most concise and has the least impact on word count?

I'm writing a research proposal with a small maximum word count. References are included in this word count. Fortunately, the citation style is not specified. I was wondering if there is any (widely ...
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1answer
240 views

When citing a book (Harvard) what should year be?

I always see tutorials on Harvard referencing saying things like: Last name, First initial. (Year published). Title. Edition. City published: Publisher, Page(s). What do I need to put for year ...
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0answers
118 views

How to reference an introduction to a text? (Harvard)

I'd like to use the Harvard referencing system to reference a quotation taken from James McFarlane's 1981 introduction to a 2008 reissue of an Oxford World's Classics publication of his Henrik Ibsen ...
3
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1answer
1k views

MLA German translated citations

I am writing a paper (in German) for a philosophy seminar using MLA citation style. For my work I use three english sources and I am going to translate all of my quotes for a better textflow. At the ...
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3answers
2k views

How to cite a site from the dark web?

For my masters degree in computer science, I'm currently working on a paper on ransomware. Goal of this paper is to focus on academic writing and citing sources correctly. Trustworthiness/Quality of ...
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4answers
686 views

Avoiding “First et al.”

If a paper has four or more authors, it is common to use the style "Firstauthor et al. discovered that the sky is blue.". I do not like this style, as it is unfair to the other authors. In my field, ...
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1answer
2k views

Can you exclude issue numbers in references based on APA 6th edition?

I'm currently working on my thesis (communication science), and I'm wondering about the issue number in the reference list. A teacher told me that I don't need to include the issue number. But I ...
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1answer
111 views

Do years in parentheses need to be chronological?

Is there a norm that states years of publications should be chronological when cited parenthetically in a text? For example, is the following incorrect?: "... to that of Mircea Eliade (1964, 1951), ...
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4answers
22k views

Where should citations be placed relative to punctuation (e.g., full stops and commas)?

This question pops up every time I write an article (in the computer science domain), and I am unable to find a British English style-guide providing a proper answer. Where should citations be ...
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0answers
34 views

What automatic citation/bibliography programs are well-designed for law papers?

I have tried Mendeley for citations and bibliography for writing law papers at my university, but it seems not to be designed for legal citations. For example, when I want to add a Case file as an ...
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1answer
102 views

Citing part of a work when using IEEE style

Is it acceptable to be very specific in IEEE style citations (always providing the section or paragraph)? On page 7 here there are examples on how one can use IEEE-style citations to refer to which ...
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1answer
2k views

How to correctly cite a retracted paper?

I would like to cite a particular paper that has been retracted, due to a specific error the authors have initially overseen in their analysis. Because this specific error is the subject of my ...
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2answers
270 views

Repeat citation for consecutive sentences

When the next sentence in the paper or thesis shares the same citation with the previous one. Should cite one time only at the end of the 2end sentence or cite 2 times - one for each. For example: ...
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1answer
114 views

Does citation refer to paper or authors?

I imagine this question is asked before, but I could not find the answer. This is the example sentence that got me wondering: Gneiting and Ranjan (2013) generalize/generalizes these findings and ...
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2answers
253 views

Why do so many publication venues have their own citation styles?

I have noticed that it seems like every other conference has it's own citation style; even in the same field, or subfield. Or at least each provide their own bibtex style (.BST) file. Are they ...
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1answer
631 views

What do I do when I can't find the source of this chapter of a book so I can cite it APA style?

I have found part of a book in .pdf file format and it contains some information I would like to use in my study. I'm trying to cite the book APA style, but I can't find any information on it ...
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2answers
14k views

How are arXiv papers cited using IEEE citation style?

I have been trying to find an IEEE publication which cites an arXiv paper. However, it seems that electrical engineers shy away from citing anything arXiv related. I have been looking around for a ...
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1answer
1k views

How to cite supplementary material of a Science paper and avoid confusion with my own supplementary material?

I want to specify in my paper an exact methodology developed by another author and explained in the suplementary material of a Science's paper. The problem is that I already have my own supplementary ...
4
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1answer
301 views

How to cite Arabic translation of a German book in an English paper?

I have a question and I searched a lot but couldn't find its answer. I write in English and there are a few books which are originally written in German and French, and unfortunately there is no ...
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2answers
3k views

Citing a Video Game in Harvard Format Format

I have to write an Extended Essay as part of my IB diploma, and I'm writing mine on the episodic adventure game of Life is Strange as an English EE. One of the issues I've encountered during the ...
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1answer
67 views

What is the proper way to cite an image source, if they were given to me by a company?

I am writing my thesis and use images that were created by a company. These images are not available online, they were handed to me. How would I properly give them credit for their images? If it is ...
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1answer
150 views

How do I properly reference?

I’m writing an essay, and have been asked to use Harvard Referencing. From what I know this type of referencing uses citations similar to (my brain, 2016). And then contains a bibliography like: ...
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1answer
859 views

How to reference multiple authors of a chapter from a book [APA]?

I need help deciding how to cite a specific chapter of a group for my thesis. My problem is basically with the different types of authors the chapters of this book has. The authors titles are: ...
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1answer
3k views

MLA style: n. pag. in parenthetical reference?

Is it a rule in MLA style to have the addition "n.pag." also in parenthetical reference to a source that has no pagination? Or is the addition only required in the works cited? source: Miller, Arthur....
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2answers
729 views

How to Cite a conference talk / TED video?

Is it okay to cite a TED presentation or a video lecture or something similar? If so, how to cite that video for your paper/thesis?
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6answers
1k views

How to handle citing duplicate publications?

I am writing a review article and have come across a number of references which were published verbatim in their entirety in more than one place (same author(s) and the same content; Duplicate ...
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2answers
68 views

Should listed citations in a historical overview be ordered numerically or chronologically?

I'm writing an article and in one portion I give a brief historical overview of previous work on the problem I am studying. (In case this matters, it's a pure math article, specifically topology.) I ...
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2answers
690 views

How to cite marginalia in a second-hand book?

So this is an interesting thing I've come across. I recently purchased a modern book for my research and whoever had the book before me had some pretty great things written in the margins. As a ...
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0answers
162 views

How to reference the current year within a paper?

Whilst writing a paper about the use of digital technologies within education, it became apparent that it would be beneficial to reference the current year (in this case, 2016) to give the paragraph ...
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1answer
515 views

How to cite USGS website refereing Landsat accuracy?

I want to cite the official Geometric accuracy of the Landsat imagery, published by USGS on their website http://landsat.usgs.gov/geometry.php. The citation is suggested for a scientific journal. I ...
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0answers
132 views

MLA bibliography style in computer science

Does anyone know a computer science or engineering journal that uses MLA as their bibliography style?
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1answer
231 views

how reference a translation of an already translated text?

Somebody wrote a text in Latin, let’s call her Alice and let’s call the text De Nihilo. This text was then translated into German by Bob. In my work, I translate Bob’s translation into English. In ...

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