Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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414 views

Harvard referencing: order of sources with same authors and same years in the bibliography

I have two citations of groups of authors (same lead author) from the same year. Thus, in-text I am using (Smith et al. 2001a) and (Smith et al. 2001b). For the bibliography should I list these ...
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2answers
971 views

How to reference sources when I only took the ideas?

I am writing my essay where I analyze how different text search algorithms work and compare their efficiency in specific situations. I did not actually take even a sentence from where I have read ...
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3answers
71 views

Citing directly in research document

is it possible to reference a citation directly? Example: "the expected values considering the gain and the cost of each behavior as in [9]" or should one instead explicitly mention the authors? ...
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2answers
122 views

Should I indicate that definitions are from an article?

In my master thesis I included some definitions exactly (just translated in French) like they appear in a paper because they are particularly well written and easy to read for someone who has never ...
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1answer
153 views

Footnote vs reference for API documentation

As a computer scientist, I'm not sure whether I should be using footnotes or references (as in, those that go in "thebibliography" at the end) when referring to Javadocs. I think there is some ...
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1answer
149 views

Methodology Question: How to deal with others having written about similar topic?

Basically, I am wondering how one is to deal with other scholars that have written about a similar topic or have covered similar/the same phenomenon (my field are the social sciences/humanities). What ...
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2answers
89 views

Where is Harvard referencing style most commonly used?

Is Harvard referencing style used mostly in Europe? I ask because it seems to be less well known in USA than I had expected. If so, which is the most commonly used style in US academic institutions?
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2answers
294 views

Do I need to translate Works Cited at the end? [duplicate]

I am translating an academic paper to English. However, most of the sources cited at the end, are in other languages (e.g. Russian). Do I need to translate the list of references into English as well?
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2answers
735 views

How to cite the US Federal Register in Harvard referencing style?

Please advise how I should cite the US Federal Register in Harvard Reference style. As an example, I have seen this part of the Federal Register referenced as: 2012 Planning Rule (77 Fed. Reg. ...
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3answers
1k views

How can I reference an insight taught in Cousera's Lecture?

I took a specialization course at Coursera in which I have learned a lot of insights that would be essentially useful while writing my master's degree dissertation. How can I refer to them? I've ...
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0answers
58 views

How to quote a previous paper with different authors?

I am writing a paper that builds on a previous one, where another author was present. How should I quote the previous one? For example: "In a previous paper [1] we proposed ..." or "In a previous ...
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1answer
872 views

How do I reference a conference paper that is due to be published later this year

I am writing a paper that builds on a previous work. The previous work has been accepted at a conference and will be published as part of the proceedings, but it hasn't been published yet. Do I just ...
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1answer
583 views

Citing yourself on slides when your lastname consists of multiple words

When citing a paper that you coauthored on a slide it is common to abbreviate your name to just the first letter of your last name, or your initials. So John Doe would become D or JD. My last name ...
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4k views

Is it okay to omit (one or multiple) middle names in a bibliography?

Assuming that the cited work will not be less identifiable: When including a paper in the body and bibliography of one’s work, is it okay to omit the author’s middle name(s) and just give the first ...
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26 views

How to cite a published review report of a journal article?

I found an interesting idea that was discussed in detail in a published reviewer report on an article in journal X (an open peer review journal) and I want to mention it in my manuscript. How to ...
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3answers
159 views

Citation of the table or illustration made by myself

I wanted to state the source of the illustration I made by myself. The illustration shows the structure of the company, which is based on my research and a number of other sources. What is the best ...
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2answers
1k views

Is it necessary to write “United States of America” in bibliographies when describing the place of publication?

I'm from the UK, and currently writing my dissertation. I'm citing several sources from publishers in the USA, and am unsure what the best practice is for writing the place of publication. The ...
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2answers
628 views

Citation: refer to author or paper? [duplicate]

What is the British English way of referring to a source in-text. Is it plural because there are two authors, like this: X and Y (2011) describe ... Or is it singular because you are ...
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1answer
47 views

APA Citation. I don't know what it's considered as

My professor gave me a pdf to cite in another paper I have. I don't know if I consider it as a report, article, or paper. I included the cite of the pdf my professor gave me. Please let me know how to ...
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1answer
202 views

How to handle a bib source with no author?

I am writing a paper in English and have a couple of sources that have no author. In German there would be the abbreviation o.V. standing for ohne Verfasser which translates to no author in those ...
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2answers
335 views

How should one cite the entirety of a journal?

I want to cite a journal itself, not an article in it, the publication. I think the same would hold for a magazine, not an issue of that magazine. The specific citation information will be enough. ...
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2answers
61 views

Can we have a citation in the Works Cited and not use it in an essay? [duplicate]

I have a citation of an online article that I used in my research for an essay, yet I haven't referenced this citation anywhere in the essay. Should I keep the citation, or delete it because nothing ...
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4answers
3k views

Some authors can use variants of their last names in two different publications. How does one write their last name when citing both inline?

When citing two articles from the same author using different initials, one should cite each article with the relevant initials, even if they are different. This is answered here. But what about ...
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1answer
30 views

How to cite a specific organization in APA?

I'm citing a quote from an attorney who works for Trial Lawyers for Public Justice in Texas. In APA format, do I italicize, use quotations, or leave it as normal text? Thank you!
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1answer
102 views

How to find the Endnote template for CJPH submission?

I have been searching and trying out to find the Endnote citation style to match the one required for the Canadian Journal of Public Health submission for hours, with no success. It demonstrated that ...
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2answers
91 views

Citations from the title of an article

I want to cite the words “cascade of disparities” which actually comes from the title of an article. Under the APA style, do I need to include a page number since the words are in the actual title (...
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1answer
1k views

Examples of when to use “Accessed” in citation and references

I once found an example of "Accessed" from or date accessed in citation and references in the current 6th edition of the APA publication manual. Would somebody please give me a proper example of how ...
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1answer
948 views

How to quote bulleted lists using IEEE style?

I found two very useful bulleted lists in my sources and I want to quote them directly in my thesis. For example: Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Sentence 3 Sentence 4 Nevertheless I only ...
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1answer
103 views

How to cite in two languages combined with acronym at the same time in Harvard style

Let's say one is writing an academic paper, and one has to deal with two languages and possibly acronyms. How would be appropiate to formate the citations in the text using Harvard style? If one is ...
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1answer
84 views

How important is it to cite the URL in bibliographies?

We use MHRA Author-Date for citations, and the information about MHRA Author-Date online is usually contradictory and unhelpful. The guide I've always referred to from my university only specifies ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the meaning of promotor and copromotor in Dutch PhD thesis?

I would like to know what is the difference between author and contributor in the Dutch system, and how to appropriately cite such a thesis? Only author? (APA format) Why this strange name promotor? ...
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0answers
23 views

Subsequent citations of a Note in a translated Book. (Chicago Style)

I am using the Chicago-style Citation in a Paper that I am working on. I have written this in a paragraph: Es lässt sich vermuten, dass Platon etwas Bestimmtes in seinen Gedanken hatte, als er ...
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5answers
3k views

APA: Citing an annual report over multiple years

I have looked everywhere for an answer to this question. I don't often use APA format. In Chicago, when referencing in-text an annual report over a span of years, one simply types: (Smith, multiple ...
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1answer
900 views

How can one reference the unnumbered page of a book or thesis before page 1?

I am reading a thesis that was printed from a microfilm copy. It is arranged like this: Abstract...........................(3 pages with no page number) Acknowledgements...................pages i-ii. ...
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2answers
1k views

Can I drop the “Lond.” in “Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond.”?

Background I would like to cite journal articles published by the Royal Society, specifically in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. Apparently, ...
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1answer
86 views

MLA: Do I have to cite the editors of a book for a research paper? [closed]

That's how the question was phrased in an English quiz I just took. The correct answer was 'yes'. Maybe the wording makes a difference, because the Purdue OWL has several example book citations with ...
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2answers
2k views

Confused about bibliography in old books

I’ve been looking at the bibliography of an old book called History Of Burma by G. E. Harvey and am quite confused. There are abbreviations introduced first like this: B Bodleian Library BM ...
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1answer
63 views

Giving the position when quoting ebook without page count?

My question is referring to APA citation and specifically if it is accepted to provide the position a quote from a Kindle ebook can be found at. The ebook in question does not provide page numbers. In ...
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1answer
191 views

Do I need to include page numbers when citing indirectly in the text?

I'm referring to APA citation. Say I'm picking up a train of thought of an author and I know which book he states it in. I just don't have a page number. Is it okay to just say (Muller, 2008) without ...
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1answer
2k views

Are there no footnotes in Vancouver referencing?

I just wanted to check if Vancouver referencing does not use footnotes. I saw online that the citations are just numbered and then the reference list is put at the end of the essay instead of ...
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1answer
4k views

How does one cite a book series/sequence?

I have a need to cite a certain scifi book series (i.e. a collection of books functioning as elements in a single larger story, not a series like the Springer Graduate Texts in Math) as inspiring a ...
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1answer
46 views

Teaching Citation: Are there any Journals which Fully Apply APA, MLA or Chicago Citation Rules

I'm interested in doing a little casual survey. As many of us have been through undergraduate training where citation rules are expected to be applied exactly, and sometimes even marked as if they ...
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1answer
447 views

How to cite a Linkedin Profile in IEEE format?

The IEEE standard specifies said format for all website citations: World Wide Web Author(s). “Title.” Internet: complete URL, date updated [date accessed]. M. Duncan. “Engineering Concepts ...
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1answer
167 views

How should I cite a paper that I've obtained by asking the author to send it to me?

I'm basing my dissertation on a study in a paper that isn't available anywhere I've found online. I emailed the author and they sent me a pdf copy. Normally when I write citations for an electronic ...
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1answer
160 views

How to cite a website/manual where the authors are (mostly) unknown?

For my thesis, I need to cite some pieces of software documentation. The website in question is the documentation of Kubernetes. I'm fine with using @misc entries in my bibtex file, but obviously I ...
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0answers
59 views

Where is the best place to refer to the system of transliteration in an article?

Following APA style, "if you are citing a work written in a non-Latin script (e.g., Chinese, Greek, Japanese, Russian), the reference must be transliterated into the English alphabet." Sometimes, for ...
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1answer
160 views

How to cite information removed from a working paper when it was published

Here's a simplified version of a bibliographic problem I'm facing. A working paper estimated that Public Policy X caused Social Indicator Y to increase by 25%—practically significant, but not ...
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1answer
821 views

How to cite a TED Talk with Youtube URL in MLA 8?

How do I do it? I've already googled the heck out of it but all the answers were incomplete. The URL is https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c2tOp7OxyQ8
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4answers
3k views

How to cite a physical product?

Assume I’m writing a paper about randomness. I might have this text: Traditional TRNGs are (typically) external add on devices of varying size, cost and complexity [11][12][13]. How would I cite ...
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1answer
116 views

Rule about repeating citations

Sometimes I get papers for translation, larded with repeated citations of publications of the authors’ friends and teachers, two to three times within a paragraph and as often as possible throughout ...

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