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Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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1answer
75 views

Visited website on different dates - apa style

Ray, B. (2018, June 25). NB-IoT vs. LoRa vs. Sigfox. Retrieved January 4, 2019, from https://www.link-labs.com/blog/nb-iot-vs-lora-vs-sigfox In the source reference of my paper I refer to a website. ...
2
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1answer
144 views

How to cite a book when both the first and the latest editions' years matter?

I want to cite a proof appearing in the book from 1982. The thing is, the book has a newer edition from 2002; but at the same time, it's important for me to indicate the result is from 1982. On the ...
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2answers
173 views

How do you cite a paper that you found online?

I found this paper online and would like to cite it. I've looked up the rules for citing conference papers, but this is not a conference paper. It's also not a book and not a website and not an essay. ...
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3answers
89 views

Which year do I use for an in-text APA citation?

The first year is when the data was collected: 2013 The second year is when the paper was written: 2015 The third year is when the paper was published: 2017 "In total, 121 women and 61 men completed ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Does a reference to a work inside a footnote have to be in the bibliography?

If in a footnote I write something like, "For more on the debate, see... so and so" Does that work I referenced in the footnote go on the bibliography page even if I did not reference this work ...
-1
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1answer
112 views

Is citation required when googling a short answer?

I was writing a research paper that required me to use quotes and cite the websites/databases those quotes came from. Later, I needed some quick stats, so I googled them. I only used the numbers and ...
1
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2answers
134 views

Acknowledging data sources used for creating an image

For a conference paper, I created an image compiling data from multiple sources. What is the correct format for acknowledging the sources? Map showing road condition (Data source: Esri, OpenStreetMap)...
3
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1answer
62 views

Citing summaries of many sources

I am working on a "Handbook" on a technical topic I am personally interested in and I also need for work. To back up statements and provide reputable sources I try to cite everything even though it ...
0
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2answers
106 views

Is there any guidance on how to properly cite when using the alphabetic style from BiBLaTeX?

I am looking for some specifications on how to use the alphabetic style for citing properly. I know that there are different solutions and that this is highly related to personal preference or ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Citation format for Editor's Response

I have a question about citation format. I would like to cite the comments by the editor at the beginning of a "Letters to the editor" section from Mathematics Magazine's October 1995 issue. (Not ...
6
votes
1answer
463 views

How to cite in text a citation translated by me

Thats the question. I'm writing a paper in Spanish and I need to cite (APA) several citations in Spanish of books written in English that doesn't have translated versions. My reviewer is telling me ...
0
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1answer
501 views

Harvard Referencing for Webinars

I want to cite a webinar in the Harvard citation style. I have found many websites talk about website referencing but could not find anything about webinars! How do you do that?
8
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1answer
997 views

Conference held in year X, proceedings published in X+2 - which to use?

A certain conference was held on year X, but its proceedings were published in print in year X+2. When I cite an article submitted to that conference (which I read in the published proceedings) - how ...
4
votes
4answers
215 views

Advantages of different citation styles?

I find it hard to find a comprehensive overview about what kind of citation styles there are, and what should be taken into consideration to choose one. It seems to me that the most important ...
1
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1answer
64 views

How to Cite an IGO Document in Chicago style

I need to create citation for this document https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/countering-hybrid-warfare-project-understanding-hybrid-warfare It appears that it is developed by an entity ...
2
votes
2answers
800 views

How to cite a working paper, preprint, or manuscript?

I am wondering how I can cite a preprint (likewise a working paper, or a manuscript) which I am not supposed to officially archive because of a longer double-blind review process with an anonymized ...
27
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12answers
5k views

How do non-LaTeX users handle citations?

There are plenty of questions asking about how exactly to cite certain things in certain citation styles. I tend to find these puzzling, as for me this is not something the author needs to care of, ...
0
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2answers
241 views

Harvard referencing: order of sources with same authors and same years in the bibliography

I have two citations of groups of authors (same lead author) from the same year. Thus, in-text I am using (Smith et al. 2001a) and (Smith et al. 2001b). For the bibliography should I list these ...
1
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2answers
962 views

How to reference sources when I only took the ideas?

I am writing my essay where I analyze how different text search algorithms work and compare their efficiency in specific situations. I did not actually take even a sentence from where I have read ...
0
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3answers
71 views

Citing directly in research document

is it possible to reference a citation directly? Example: "the expected values considering the gain and the cost of each behavior as in [9]" or should one instead explicitly mention the authors? ...
1
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2answers
120 views

Should I indicate that definitions are from an article?

In my master thesis I included some definitions exactly (just translated in French) like they appear in a paper because they are particularly well written and easy to read for someone who has never ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Footnote vs reference for API documentation

As a computer scientist, I'm not sure whether I should be using footnotes or references (as in, those that go in "thebibliography" at the end) when referring to Javadocs. I think there is some ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Methodology Question: How to deal with others having written about similar topic?

Basically, I am wondering how one is to deal with other scholars that have written about a similar topic or have covered similar/the same phenomenon (my field are the social sciences/humanities). What ...
0
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2answers
85 views

Where is Harvard referencing style most commonly used?

Is Harvard referencing style used mostly in Europe? I ask because it seems to be less well known in USA than I had expected. If so, which is the most commonly used style in US academic institutions?
3
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2answers
216 views

Do I need to translate Works Cited at the end? [duplicate]

I am translating an academic paper to English. However, most of the sources cited at the end, are in other languages (e.g. Russian). Do I need to translate the list of references into English as well?
0
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2answers
548 views

How to cite the US Federal Register in Harvard referencing style?

Please advise how I should cite the US Federal Register in Harvard Reference style. As an example, I have seen this part of the Federal Register referenced as: 2012 Planning Rule (77 Fed. Reg. ...
2
votes
3answers
568 views

How can I reference a insight taught in Cousera's Lecture?

I took a specialization course at Coursera in which I have learned lot of insights that would be essentialy useful while writing my master's degree dissertation. How can I reference to them? I've ...
1
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0answers
57 views

How to quote a previous paper with different authors?

I am writing a paper that builds on a previous one, where another author was present. How should I quote the previous one? For example: "In a previous paper [1] we proposed ..." or "In a previous ...
3
votes
1answer
261 views

How do I reference a conference paper that is due to be published later this year

I am writing a paper that builds on a previous work. The previous work has been accepted at a conference and will be published as part of the proceedings, but it hasn't been published yet. Do I just ...
7
votes
1answer
577 views

Citing yourself on slides when your lastname consists of multiple words

When citing a paper that you coauthored on a slide it is common to abbreviate your name to just the first letter of your last name, or your initials. So John Doe would become D or JD. My last name ...
13
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4answers
3k views

Is it okay to omit (one or multiple) middle names in a bibliography?

Assuming that the cited work will not be less identifiable: When including a paper in the body and bibliography of one’s work, is it okay to omit the author’s middle name(s) and just give the first ...
0
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0answers
23 views

How to cite a published review report of a journal article?

I found an interesting idea that was discussed in detail in a published reviewer report on an article in journal X (an open peer review journal) and I want to mention it in my manuscript. How to ...
1
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3answers
155 views

Citation of the table or illustration made by myself

I wanted to state the source of the illustration I made by myself. The illustration shows the structure of the company, which is based on my research and a number of other sources. What is the best ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it necessary to write “United States of America” in bibliographies when describing the place of publication?

I'm from the UK, and currently writing my dissertation. I'm citing several sources from publishers in the USA, and am unsure what the best practice is for writing the place of publication. The ...
9
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2answers
495 views

Citation: refer to author or paper? [duplicate]

What is the British English way of referring to a source in-text. Is it plural because there are two authors, like this: X and Y (2011) describe ... Or is it singular because you are ...
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

APA Citation. I don't know what it's considered as

My professor gave me a pdf to cite in another paper I have. I don't know if I consider it as a report, article, or paper. I included the cite of the pdf my professor gave me. Please let me know how to ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

How to handle a bib source with no author?

I am writing a paper in English and have a couple of sources that have no author. In German there would be the abbreviation o.V. standing for ohne Verfasser which translates to no author in those ...
5
votes
2answers
305 views

How should one cite the entirety of a journal?

I want to cite a journal itself, not an article in it, the publication. I think the same would hold for a magazine, not an issue of that magazine. The specific citation information will be enough. ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Can we have a citation in the Works Cited and not use it in an essay? [duplicate]

I have a citation of an online article that I used in my research for an essay, yet I haven't referenced this citation anywhere in the essay. Should I keep the citation, or delete it because nothing ...
25
votes
4answers
3k views

Some authors can use variants of their last names in two different publications. How does one write their last name when citing both inline?

When citing two articles from the same author using different initials, one should cite each article with the relevant initials, even if they are different. This is answered here. But what about ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

How to cite a specific organization in APA?

I'm citing a quote from an attorney who works for Trial Lawyers for Public Justice in Texas. In APA format, do I italicize, use quotations, or leave it as normal text? Thank you!
0
votes
1answer
83 views

How to find the Endnote template for CJPH submission?

I have been searching and trying out to find the Endnote citation style to match the one required for the Canadian Journal of Public Health submission for hours, with no success. It demonstrated that ...
4
votes
2answers
90 views

Citations from the title of an article

I want to cite the words “cascade of disparities” which actually comes from the title of an article. Under the APA style, do I need to include a page number since the words are in the actual title (...
1
vote
1answer
771 views

Examples of when to use “Accessed” in citation and references

I once found an example of "Accessed" from or date accessed in citation and references in the current 6th edition of the APA publication manual. Would somebody please give me a proper example of how ...
2
votes
1answer
514 views

How to quote bulleted lists using IEEE style?

I found two very useful bulleted lists in my sources and I want to quote them directly in my thesis. For example: Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Sentence 3 Sentence 4 Nevertheless I only ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

How to cite in two languages combined with acronym at the same time in Harvard style

Let's say one is writing an academic paper, and one has to deal with two languages and possibly acronyms. How would be appropiate to formate the citations in the text using Harvard style? If one is ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

How important is it to cite the URL in bibliographies?

We use MHRA Author-Date for citations, and the information about MHRA Author-Date online is usually contradictory and unhelpful. The guide I've always referred to from my university only specifies ...
3
votes
1answer
805 views

What is the meaning of promotor and copromotor in Dutch PhD thesis?

I would like to know what is the difference between author and contributor in the Dutch system, and how to appropriately cite such a thesis? Only author? (APA format) Why this strange name promotor? ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Subsequent citations of a Note in a translated Book. (Chicago Style)

I am using the Chicago-style Citation in a Paper that I am working on. I have written this in a paragraph: Es lässt sich vermuten, dass Platon etwas Bestimmtes in seinen Gedanken hatte, als er ...
10
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5answers
2k views

APA: Citing an annual report over multiple years

I have looked everywhere for an answer to this question. I don't often use APA format. In Chicago, when referencing in-text an annual report over a span of years, one simply types: (Smith, multiple ...