Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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57
votes
8answers
5k views

Can cited works hold grammatical positions in sentences?

Though I read this style quite often, I was recently told unambiguously by a reviewer that I was NOT supposed to use citations "as if they are objects in a sentence." The following sentence is an ...
49
votes
5answers
6k views

Should I cite author names as they appear in the journal or as I know them to be complete?

Since I've been using Mendeley to manage and extract metadata from my PDFs, I've come to notice that authors are sometimes denoted with all their initials and sometimes with just one. I assume this ...
21
votes
5answers
40k views

How to cite Kindle books/ebooks when no fixed page numbers are available?

I got the following info from the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide website in relation to citing Kindle books or ebooks. If no fixed page numbers are available, you can include a section title or ...
7
votes
4answers
870 views

Should my citation style exactly match the original title?

In my field a number of different styles are used in titles. Many publications present scientific names in italics, such as this one. Others do not italicise scientific names, such as this one. ...
9
votes
2answers
628 views

Citation: refer to author or paper? [duplicate]

What is the British English way of referring to a source in-text. Is it plural because there are two authors, like this: X and Y (2011) describe ... Or is it singular because you are ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

Is it acceptable to include a paper in the reference list but not cite it in text?

A paper (quite) related to some work my coauthors and I have recently appeared as a preprint. This paper cites ours; however, it does not do so in the body of the paper (intro, proofs, etc.), but only ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

Attributing Second-order Citations

Imagine that a paper by [Author A] has pulled together some literature on the misuse of a technology in context X. I now want to talk about misuse of the same technology but in context Y. When ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to handle repeated references in footnotes?

I have to cite the same reference two times on each footnote on different pages. Suppose footnote note 1 on page 1 is the same reference as footnote 7 on page 4. Should I provide different serial ...
50
votes
4answers
11k views

How to refer to a source with typos in the title?

How to cite a paper with a typographical error in the title. In the reference list, should I correct it (and make it hard to find) or let it as is (and make an impression I was sloppy)?
18
votes
1answer
2k views

How to correctly cite a retracted paper?

I would like to cite a particular paper that has been retracted, due to a specific error the authors have initially overseen in their analysis. Because this specific error is the subject of my ...
7
votes
2answers
259 views

Why do so many publication venues have their own citation styles?

I have noticed that it seems like every other conference has it's own citation style; even in the same field, or subfield. Or at least each provide their own bibtex style (.BST) file. Are they ...
7
votes
1answer
490 views

Should references in foreign language be translated to make popular audience get familiar with how academia works?

Typically, references in foreign language are cited with title and journal name in original language, whether they are academic or popular science books. As pointed out in this answer, popular science ...
7
votes
4answers
504 views

Where to locate authors’ names in sentences?

Is it or is it not good practice to make an author the subject of sentences in a paper? When should their name be central, discreet, or absent in the sentence? Here are five variations showing ...
3
votes
1answer
251 views

how reference a translation of an already translated text?

Somebody wrote a text in Latin, let’s call her Alice and let’s call the text De Nihilo. This text was then translated into German by Bob. In my work, I translate Bob’s translation into English. In the ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Caption for a figure reproduced from a CC-licensed document

In a research paper for a journal, which uses Science magazine publication style, I'm reproducing a diagram from a document, which has a Creative Commons (CC)-based open document license. The diagram (...
2
votes
2answers
556 views

How to know which citation style is applied?

How to know which citation style is applied, if googling its characteristics does not reveal the name? In specific, do you know what is the name of this citation style? Merlis, Timothy M., and ...
21
votes
3answers
13k views

When citing a paper with a lot of authors; is it OK to shorten the author list in the references section?

I want to cite a paper that has a lot of authors. The list of authors take up half a page in my reference list, and considering the prospect of paying for extra pages, I would like to shorten it, if ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Citing article where listed author is pseudonym

If one wanted to cite an article where the listed author is a pseudonym and it is well-known that the name is a pseudonym then which name ought one use? Normally I would just use the name listed on ...
8
votes
2answers
168 views

What is the grammatical number of an inline citation?

Which of the following is correct? a) Johnson et al. (2010) prove that all snow is yellow. b) Johnson et al. (2010) proves that all snow is yellow. I suppose the question boils down to whether I'm ...
7
votes
1answer
284 views

How should English reference be cited in a non-English work?

According to the Chicago Manual Style 16 edition, section 14.194 Translated Article Titles, non-English article cited in an English work follows this formula: Authors, "Original title," [...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is this “mixed” citation style that includes both numbered references and author-date formats?

Once or twice I had encountered papers which used quite convenient citation styles, which combined numbered and parenthetical references. The list of references at the end of the paper is sorted ...
3
votes
1answer
987 views

In IEEE format, How to cite a website when no author name is given?

Problem I have to cite this webpage. However, no author name is given there. What I have found? This and this one have referred, when we do not find author name, the title moves to the first ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

How important is it to note, in a citation, where a book/paper was published?

Citation systems often specify writing down the location (e.g. London) that a book/paper was published, how important is this, and if it is important, then why is writing down the publisher/journal ...
3
votes
1answer
327 views

Abbreviating first names in the bibliography

In my bibliography I use the names of the authors as they are given in the publication. Usually this will be the last name, the first name not abbreviated and second names abbreviated. However, I now ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

How to cite a conference paper with no pagination?

I want to cite a conference paper that is in IEEE format. Unfortunately, the paper doesn't have any page range and volume number as I've downloaded it. Here you can see the paper that I want to ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Style of inline citations (numeric)

In the paper that I am writing using LaTeX, I have several sentences like: However, in \cite{aa2014} only a small uncertainty has been introduced ... Or, According to \cite{ab2014}, ... Because I ...
1
vote
1answer
629 views

How to cite indirect sources in CSE/CBE (name–year) system?

I’m writing my first review paper and I don’t know much about the CSE system. I couldn’t find the indirect citation rule for CSE (but for others). So how do I cite indirectly in this style?
0
votes
1answer
99 views

How to cite an authorless report in JabRef/Bibtex

I am learning to use bibtex/jabref in the context of a literature review and would like to cite the following report: https://www.army.mil/e2/c/downloads/379567.pdf The report is compiled by the ...