Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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Author-Date style with Mendeley citation manager

I have recently started using Mendeley Desktop with Microsoft Word. I am using the Author-Date style of citation and have encountered some difficulties. I'm hoping someone has a solution. Here are the ...
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different online Harvard citation styles

I read some Academia questions, such as this one, but I'm still wondering about the preference of the following similar, but slightly different formats: Option 1 Cillizza, C. (2020). The absolutely ...
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How does one Harvard-style reference borrowed computer code?

I'm writing an academic (working) paper, and in the appendix I display a short program I wrote in Stata, a program used for statistical analysis. I wanted to highlight the syntax with colours, so I ...
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Where should citations be placed relative to punctuation (e.g., full stops and commas)?

This question pops up every time I write an article (in the computer science domain), and I am unable to find a British English style-guide providing a proper answer. Where should citations be ...
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How do you refer to foreign titles in APA6?

I'm familiar with the example for when I am citing a part of a foreign source but I have questions about referring to foreign titled work. I have written papers before in MLA, but I am required to ...
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76 views

(APA) Citations for figures I created with existing data (An Egotistical Dilemma)

Context: I'm working on a paper in APA style. I created two scatterplots on my own using code I wrote in R. However, the actual raw data represented comes from a source in my references. Issue: I feel ...
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1answer
51 views

How do I cite — in APA style — a Creative Commons licensed image retrieved from Wikimedia Commons?

Suppose I wish to use this image in my paper: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Standing_white_tiger.jpg +--------------+ | | | IMAGE HERE | | | +--------------+ ...
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135 views

Do I need footnotes in a Foreword if I cite something?

Dear Colleagues and Stack Exchange Readers, Hello. I am writing a Foreword for a colleague's scholarly monograph. I would like to quote from one of my own books, as well as from the recent memoir of ...
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134 views

How should I cite an open letter with a large number of signatories?

When citing an open letter, is it appropriate to cite all of the signatories as authors? I would like to cite the following open letter: Dear Oprah Winfrey: 142 Writers Ask You to Reconsider American ...
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1answer
45 views

What are “advance articles” and how to cite them?

I noticed some journals are publishing advance articles that are not part of a published volume (i.e. https://academic.oup.com/isr/advance-articles). I am a bit confused in regards to what is the ...
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How to Cite a conference talk / TED video?

Is it okay to cite a TED presentation or a video lecture or something similar? If so, how to cite that video for your paper/thesis?
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Is it correct to use citations as nouns for scientific papers, such as dissertations of articles?

Which of these two is better accepted, or preferred, for scientific papers? THIS The model detaches the calculation of the vertical velocity from the equations system, and focuses on the longitudinal ...
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Citation: How To Cite a Book in ACM Style With Multiple Cities?

I need to cite from the "Gang of Four" book, but the title page has fourteen cities listed. I have found information about APA and MLA styles regarding this, but how do I cite a book with ...
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80 views

Harvard referencing bibliography - must the year be in brackets?

Almost all Harvard referencing resources seem to teach that the reference in the list or bibliography should be: Name, I. (2020). Title in italics. Place: Publisher. However, Microsoft Word formats it ...
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How do I properly cite the amount of times an article has been cited on Google Scholar?

I wish to properly cite the amount of times a paper has been cited according to Google Scholar. However, I couldn't find a proper answer to this question. The paper in question is: Blei, David M....
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How to cite Arabic translation of a German book in an English paper?

I have a question and I searched a lot but couldn't find its answer. I write in English and there are a few books which are originally written in German and French, and unfortunately there is no ...
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1answer
39 views

How to cite the same author multiples times in IEEE style?

For example: According to Smith [5]... For the second reference to the same author, would I write the following: [5] argues that... Is it appropriate to begin a sentence with a bracket? Can ...
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77 views

Citation Style Language (CSL) style for resume / CV

I have my own publications on Zotero, and would like a convenient way to export these references directly to my resume/CV so I only have to update them once. Is there a CSL style that can generate ...
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How can I reference an insight taught in Cousera's Lecture?

I took a specialization course at Coursera in which I have learned a lot of insights that would be essentially useful while writing my master's degree dissertation. How can I refer to them? I've ...
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363 views

How to interpret the French terms cahier and tome in citation

I want to reference a 19th century French journal paper, which appears in vingt-quatrieme cahier, tome XV, of the Journal de l’École polytechnique. The journal front page lists them in that order: ...
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Do I need to cite the source every time I paraphrase in this particular project paper?

This is my first question in this forum and although I have gained a lot of information about proper citation from the web, I am still confused in this case. We are assigned a task by college to make ...
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Which citation style is the most concise and has the least impact on word count?

I'm writing a research proposal with a small maximum word count. References are included in this word count. Fortunately, the citation style is not specified. I was wondering if there is any (widely ...
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203 views

Citing a work authored by “A. Smith with B. Jones”

I have a book, for simplicity’s sake let’s say it’s written by “A. Smith with B. Jones”. Note the with, not and. This how the authorship is credited both on the cover and inside the book. This is ...
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Cite Repository in manuscript: GitHub link “https://github.com/User/Code” VS zenodo link

I come with a simple question. I need to cite my GitHub repository on my manuscript, and so far I have been inserting both my GitHub link such as https://github.com/User/Code, and the doi with ...
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3answers
18k views

How are arXiv papers cited using IEEE citation style?

I have been trying to find an IEEE publication which cites an arXiv paper. However, it seems that electrical engineers shy away from citing anything arXiv related. I have been looking around for a ...
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45 views

Same citation in multiple paragraphs (undergrad paper) [duplicate]

What I currently have is: paragraph 1 paragraph 2 paragraph 3 [1]. With that I want to show that I am citing all 3 paragraphs from the same source. But appearently this is not right. Is it enough ...
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Acknowledging data sources used for creating an image

For a conference paper, I created an image compiling data from multiple sources. What is the correct format for acknowledging the sources? Map showing road condition (Data source: Esri, OpenStreetMap)...
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How to cite two different studies by the same author?

Per AMA style, what is the proper way to cite two different studies by the same author? I am currently using the numeric superscripts to denote which study it is. However, the paper is a critical ...
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Making an offhand note in a citation

I noticed that a PDF link from a university course I used as a URL to cite doesn't open, unless it's opened from the course portal itself. Within my referencing of the source, I note which link to ...
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3answers
205 views

May I cite an unpublished exercise from a lecture?

In a mathematics thesis I am currently working on, I use a statement we proved in the exercise classes of a lecture I attended last year, but neither the exercises nor the lecture notes have been ...
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2answers
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Should I include all authors for in-text citation if I cite a source with three (or more) authors in a different chapter again?

According to this site, when you're using the APA reference style, if a source has 3-5 authors, all authors should be mentioned in the first in-text citation, while only the first author need to be ...
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1answer
212 views

Correctly formatting automatic APA 7th edition style citations in Word [closed]

I have Office 365 and in Microsoft Word which is updated to the latest edition. I could manually enter inline citations, but for speed and ease of citing, I have elected to use the automatic citation ...
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How do I cite an article with no page numbers and only a DOI number (APA format)?

I am writing an article that requires citations in APA format. As you may know, that format requires page numbers I am pulling quite a few articles from the journal of Remote Sensing (MDPI), which ...
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47 views

Bibliography format with multiple citations from same book? (APA)

I'm writing a paper where I've included multiple citations from a book, each citation is not a direct quote from the text but rather a in-text citation. According to APA guidelines, these citations ...
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53 views

How to format the in-text citation of a Book's title, its authors, and its publication year?

I have been stuck on this for a while. My concern is regarding the correct formatting of an in-text citation of a book. I have to mention 3 things in one sentence: "titled", "edited by", and "...
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2answers
506 views

Harvard referencing: same year, same last name, same initials

This is a question about the Harvard referencing system. I've written a paper and cited two publications, each with a single author, both published in the same year. These authors are unrelated - ...
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167 views

How to correctly reference a supervisor who in the meantime got a doctorate

I completed one of my theses under the co-supervision of a (back then) PhD student. Said person has since completed his degree and is now officially "Dr. supervisor". Since I want to reference his ...
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How to cite a subsection of a book for IEEE

For example, we use pp. 4-7 for pages from 4 to 7 and ch. 2 for chapter 2, but how should we cite a subsection of a book when a chapter is divided into multiple subsections, e.g. 2.1, 2.2, ... in a ...
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Condensed citation of multiple GitHub issues

I have submitted around ~12 bug reports and want to cite this factoid in my paper. But I don't want to cite 12 different links for each GitHub issue. The links all have this common prefix: https://...
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Is there any reason not to use a shortDOI in an APA References section?

In the recently published seventh edition of the Publication Manual of the APA, a change was made to the citation style guidelines to allow authors to use shortened URLs in the References section, ...
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2answers
79 views

How to cite a paper which has been presented and included in proceedings but not yet published online?

I have submitted my paper to a conference A, where it has been presented and is included in the proceedings and is yet to be published online and would be completed in few months. How do I cite this ...
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In APA, how would one cite the same source repeatedly with differing page numbers?

Afaik, in APA, it is generally acceptable to give a source only in the first mention per paragraph, as long as further references are still clearly from the same source. Example: Author et al. (...
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239 views

How to cite an old paper?

My first article was accepted with minor revisions, one of them being the correction of a citation. This citation points to the first time the method I am improving was proposed, which was 1962. Here ...
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1answer
882 views

What's the proper way to (APA) reference a settlement agreement?

I want to reference an exhibit from the following document (it's been split into separate parts): Exhibits: https://targetbreachsettlement.com/Portals/0/Documents/Settlement%20Agreement%20Exhibits....
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How to cite OER textbooks which have had the title and authors removed?

I would like to cite an OER (Open Educational Resources) book in a concise way. The book is available here. The online pdf of the book says Normally, the author and publisher would be credited ...
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1answer
8k views

How to Quote an ICD 10 Chapter in Vancouver style?

I want to quote a chapter from ICD10 in vancouver format. I have searched whole web for some references on this. But I could not find anything. I am a newbie here. Can some one please help. This is ...
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Why are some highly-cited papers shown by Google Scholar arXiv preprints?

I found some papers somewhat related to my work, and, on Google Scholar, the citations are for the arXiv preprint, not a journal version of the paper. Why is this? The citations are in the thousands, ...
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Technical reports in BibTex/JabRef

I have a couple of issues with adding technical reports in JabRef/BibTeX FIRST ISSUE Multi part titles: Some technical reports have complex, multi-part titles. The various parts tell you quite a bit ...
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99 views

How to cite an authorless report in JabRef/Bibtex

I am learning to use bibtex/jabref in the context of a literature review and would like to cite the following report: https://www.army.mil/e2/c/downloads/379567.pdf The report is compiled by the ...
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Choosing a short title for citing a journal article (humanities)

When citing a journal article using footnotes in the humanities (where of course particular journal styles will vary but in general Chicago Manual of Style is used), the proper format is to give the ...

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