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Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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21 views

Chicago manual of style block quote reference placement

In the Chicago manual of style Author-Date format, what is the preferred way to place the reference to a block quote, if the author name is mentioned in the text. As Smith (2000, 3) wrote about this ...
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1answer
46 views

Changing citation reference systems

I am writing a research paper for the first time and I submitted my paper to a journal, in which the references in my paper were addressed in parentheses, as follows: ".....be preferentially located ...
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4answers
98 views

How to have a system of referencing citations so that it is short and well-styled

I am familiar with writing the citation part (in different styles). However, I have typically just used superscripts like Wikipedia to reference the citation, like this[1] sort of thing. I would like ...
5
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0answers
100 views

Why/how APA was chosen as a standard for many fields?

My background is in mathematics where we write papers to the style guide of the particular journal, often similar to that of the largest organizations like the AMS or the MAA. I was a little ...
3
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2answers
89 views

How important is it to note, in a citation, where a book/paper was published?

Citation systems often specify writing down the location (e.g. London) that a book/paper was published, how important is this, and if it is important, then why is writing down the publisher/journal ...
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2answers
86 views

How to cite primary source first found in secondary source?

I have the following situation (I am in the humanities): I am writing a paper. In that paper, I several times cite a particular scholar's book. Now, in that book, this scholar cites (not quotes) a ...
2
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2answers
44 views

How do you properly cite an advertisement from a website online in APA formatting?

I can't find an answer to this question anywhere. How do you properly cite an advertisement from a website online in APA formatting? Is it just: Company. (Year, Month Day of Ad Retrieval). Ad ...
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2answers
62 views

Multiple references to the same author but without a date

In a thesis using the “(Author, Year)” citation style a problem arises when the date is missing. Then Citavi for Word just writes “(Author)”. Now in case that there are several undated sources from ...
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1answer
60 views

What's the proper way to (APA) reference a settlement agreement?

I want to reference an exhibit from the following document (it's been split into separate parts): Exhibits: https://targetbreachsettlement.com/Portals/0/Documents/Settlement%20Agreement%20Exhibits....
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0answers
18 views

Speech Versus Quotation Marks for Interview/Video Data (Chicago Style, British English)

I'm using British English and Chicago style guide. I'm quoting a mixture of interview data, and data from videos available on the net, as well as academic literature. I know obviously the academic ...
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2answers
83 views

APA Citation of Website With No Author Mentioned

I get conflicting information about APA website citations from different sources. What is the best way to cite website documentation in APA style? For example, if I want to cite an announcement ...
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3answers
114 views

Order of references

What is the standard way for citation in research paper and journals? In the paper: This result3 is cited from [3]. This result1 is cited from [1]. This result4 is cited from [4]. This ...
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1answer
42 views

How to cite ebooks that have no pagination in intext cittion in MLA7?

I'm writing my dissertation and the novel I'm working on is an ebook. I tried looking for the paperback, but the English version is not available in my country. I tried checking on the web but all ...
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0answers
43 views

CMoS author-date in-text year placement with title

In the Chicago Manual of Style author-date system, if I give the title of a work explicitly in the text, does the year come after the author or after the title? In John Doe's (2010) I Love my ...
3
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1answer
152 views

References must be cited vs. need not be cited

In reviewing publishing guidelines prior to submission to a journal, it is listed that "References need not be cited in text." This is also listed in the style guide for the associated professional ...
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votes
5answers
264 views

How to interpret the french terms cahier and tome in citation

I want to reference a 19th century french journal paper, which appears in vingt-quatrieme cahier, tome XV, of the Journal de l’École polytechnique. The journal front page lists them in that order: ...
5
votes
1answer
213 views

Is it acceptable to include a paper in the reference list but not cite it in text?

A paper (quite) related to some work my coauthors and I have recently appeared as a preprint. This paper cites ours; however, it does not do so in the body of the paper (intro, proofs, etc.), but only ...
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0answers
27 views

Should proceedings titles and conference names be capitalized in APA?

Recently, a publisher sent back a paper because of capitalization issues in my references. Now I am trying to following APA closely and fixing everything. I just now found out that only journal titles ...
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0answers
23 views

Chicago Citation - Notes between Sources in Footnotes

Would this be the correct usage in Chicago note style? [1] Smith, My New Book, chap. 2, especially pages 32–36, 41; Rogers, Really Important Text, 117. The reason I ask is the usage of 'pages' in ...
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1answer
26 views

International Standard Serial Numbers (ISSNs) in References (APA style)?

Question When, if ever, do you include an ISSN in a references entry; and if you do, then in what form to comply with APA style? Background International Standard Serial Numbers (ISSNs) are used to ...
3
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2answers
167 views

Do we cite authors or papers when using author/year citations?

Numbered citations In my field, we usually use only numbered citations, e.g. As shown in [1], the sky is blue. This means that we obviously refer to a certain the paper (which can be found under [...
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2answers
126 views

Is there a citation style with just the first author's last name, and year

Is there citation style that only cites it as (FirstAuthorLastName,year) that can be downloaded as a .csl file and incorporated into mendeley/readcube. However a simple nature style [1] is too short. ...
0
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1answer
90 views

Mendeley Harvard reference format

Does anyone know where I can find a correct Harvard reference format to upload on Mendeley Desktop and use it with the Mendeley Word plug-in? It seems that the ones available are not correct. Thanks
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2answers
83 views

Article: Author information when occupation has changed [duplicate]

I'm currently the main author of a paper. The work was performed when I was working at university X. However, I will start at a new university Y in one month, and the conference I'm presenting the ...
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2answers
98 views

How to cite a paper as shortened first author name and year [Ste2002]? [closed]

The way I'd like to cite papers in my work is 3 characters of the last name of the first author + year of publication without spaces, 'et al.' and comas. I'd like to use Citavi, as it has convenient ...
3
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1answer
84 views

Should I include the country when citing government agencies in APA?

I use APA citation style. When I cite a government agency as the author or publisher of a work, should I include "United States", "U.S.", or omit the country entirely? Is it ever appropriate to ...
2
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2answers
169 views

Leave quotations in original (bad) English or edit?

I am editing a thesis and the writer has quoted from many interviews with non-native English speakers. I'm wondering whether it is correct practice to leave the quotations as is, or perhaps use (sic), ...
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2answers
50 views

Citing a Book Chapter where the book is not yet published, and the bibliographic details are not known

I'm trying to reference a book chapter (I have the title for this). But the book's title is not yet confirmed and neither is the order of the chapters, or the size of the book (meaning page numbers ...
21
votes
2answers
503 views

Why do citations in physics journals leave out the article title?

I'm not a physicist but I read the occasional physics paper. Coming from another discipline I find it odd that most article references in physics journals leave out the article title - this seems like ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Visited website on different dates - apa style

Ray, B. (2018, June 25). NB-IoT vs. LoRa vs. Sigfox. Retrieved January 4, 2019, from https://www.link-labs.com/blog/nb-iot-vs-lora-vs-sigfox In the source reference of my paper I refer to a website. ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

How to cite a book when both the first and the latest editions' years matter?

I want to cite a proof appearing in the book from 1982. The thing is, the book has a newer edition from 2002; but at the same time, it's important for me to indicate the result is from 1982. On the ...
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2answers
103 views

How do you cite a paper that you found online?

I found this paper online and would like to cite it. I've looked up the rules for citing conference papers, but this is not a conference paper. It's also not a book and not a website and not an essay. ...
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3answers
86 views

Which year do I use for an in-text APA citation?

The first year is when the data was collected: 2013 The second year is when the paper was written: 2015 The third year is when the paper was published: 2017 "In total, 121 women and 61 men completed ...
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3answers
1k views

Does a reference to a work inside a footnote have to be in the bibliography?

If in a footnote I write something like, "For more on the debate, see... so and so" Does that work I referenced in the footnote go on the bibliography page even if I did not reference this work ...
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1answer
111 views

Is citation required when googling a short answer?

I was writing a research paper that required me to use quotes and cite the websites/databases those quotes came from. Later, I needed some quick stats, so I googled them. I only used the numbers and ...
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2answers
108 views

Acknowledging data sources used for creating an image

For a conference paper, I created an image compiling data from multiple sources. What is the correct format for acknowledging the sources? Map showing road condition (Data source: Esri, OpenStreetMap)...
3
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1answer
57 views

Citing summaries of many sources

I am working on a "Handbook" on a technical topic I am personally interested in and I also need for work. To back up statements and provide reputable sources I try to cite everything even though it ...
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2answers
104 views

Is there any guidance on how to properly cite when using the alphabetic style from BiBLaTeX?

I am looking for some specifications on how to use the alphabetic style for citing properly. I know that there are different solutions and that this is highly related to personal preference or ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Citation format for Editor's Response

I have a question about citation format. I would like to cite the comments by the editor at the beginning of a "Letters to the editor" section from Mathematics Magazine's October 1995 issue. (Not ...
6
votes
1answer
156 views

How to cite in text a citation translated by me

Thats the question. I'm writing a paper in Spanish and I need to cite (APA) several citations in Spanish of books written in English that doesn't have translated versions. My reviewer is telling me ...
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1answer
238 views

Harvard Referencing for Webinars

I want to cite a webinar in the Harvard citation style. I have found many websites talk about website referencing but could not find anything about webinars! How do you do that?
8
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1answer
994 views

Conference held in year X, proceedings published in X+2 - which to use?

A certain conference was held on year X, but its proceedings were published in print in year X+2. When I cite an article submitted to that conference (which I read in the published proceedings) - how ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Advantages of different citation styles?

I find it hard to find a comprehensive overview about what kind of citation styles there are, and what should be taken into consideration to choose one. It seems to me that the most important ...
1
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1answer
42 views

How to Cite an IGO Document in Chicago style

I need to create citation for this document https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/countering-hybrid-warfare-project-understanding-hybrid-warfare It appears that it is developed by an entity ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

How to cite a working paper, preprint, or manuscript?

I am wondering how I can cite a preprint (likewise a working paper, or a manuscript) which I am not supposed to officially archive because of a longer double-blind review process with an anonymized ...
27
votes
12answers
5k views

How do non-LaTeX users handle citations?

There are plenty of questions asking about how exactly to cite certain things in certain citation styles. I tend to find these puzzling, as for me this is not something the author needs to care of, ...
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2answers
188 views

Harvard referencing: order of sources with same authors and same years in the bibliography

I have two citations of groups of authors (same lead author) from the same year. Thus, in-text I am using (Smith et al. 2001a) and (Smith et al. 2001b). For the bibliography should I list these ...
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2answers
956 views

How to reference sources when I only took the ideas?

I am writing my essay where I analyze how different text search algorithms work and compare their efficiency in specific situations. I did not actually take even a sentence from where I have read ...
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3answers
70 views

Citing directly in research document

is it possible to reference a citation directly? Example: "the expected values considering the gain and the cost of each behavior as in [9]" or should one instead explicitly mention the authors? ...
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2answers
120 views

Should I indicate that definitions are from an article?

In my master thesis I included some definitions exactly (just translated in French) like they appear in a paper because they are particularly well written and easy to read for someone who has never ...