Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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How to cite a SSRN paper in master thesis?

How should I cite a paper which I found on https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2580904? In my references, the citation appears like this: Hayes, A. (2015). A cost of production model ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Referencing in a paper

When referencing in a paper or a thesis, is there a convention to put a reference immediately after the word or separate them by a space? So for example do you have '... FTIR-spectroscopy[1]' or '... ...
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Harvard referencing in-text

Is the following ‘wrong’ when using Harvard: Smith (1945) had an idea. He said “blah blah” (p.82) but then he said “blah blah blah” (p.96). I would have thought this was a stylistic thing rather than ...
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What is the reason behind the tradition of omitting the titles of references in bibliographies/citation lists? [duplicate]

Many standard ways of formatting references do not include the name or title of the work in question in the citation. A formal citation often consists of the author names, journal name, publication ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What is the meaning of single number in page section of APA citation

My goal is to resubmit a paper to another journal, which has a requirement to format all citations with APA style. I am using Google Scholar to get a first version of each citation in APA, and want ...
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2 answers
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How to identify unknown citation style

I am in the process of finishing my bachelors thesis and my formal requirements do not name any particular citation style, but instead describe the citation style as following. Author(s) in the format ...
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1 vote
1 answer
44 views

APA: Citing a text which references other works

I would like to pick up a claim made in Example (2012), which in itself references other academic writings. That is, Example (2012) writes something along the line of: Inequality in France has ...
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1 answer
102 views

How to cite an anonymous quote from a paper

I have a quote from an anonymous participant of a study reported in a paper, say by John Smith in 2021. Let's say in the paper it said: One participant commented: It's really surprising that the ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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APA: Citing a term in quotation marks that is not a secondary source (i.e. quotation marks are used by author for emphasis)

The source I would like to cite introduces a new concept, and when doing so, the term used to describe this concept is written in quotation marks – however these quotation marks are used for emphasis ...
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9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Referencing works that request you use a specific reference format?

I've come across several documents that say something like "please use the following reference to the whole report:," or "reference to this report may be made in the following form:&...
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1 vote
1 answer
58 views

Chicago Style 17th edition- Footnotes and bibliography

In the Chicago style guide it mentions that you should use footnotes for unusual sources and sources with additional notes/information added and that bibliography is added for traditional sources ...
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3 answers
175 views

Is [sic] used for the citation itself?

I am writing a capstone paper using MLA. I am using a digital file for a source and the file's title seems to have a typo and improper capitalization. The title is "District Demographics all ...
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2 votes
1 answer
209 views

Do I need to specify pages when citing a book?

I am citing the book Statistical Power Analysis for the behavioral sciences from pages 77 to 81. It seems @book in bibtex has no option for pages though. (I know I can use @inbook but if pages ...
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23 votes
8 answers
4k views

Why are numeric citations used?

I like to know what the citations are as I read and prefer parenthetical citations. Personally, I find number citations highly disruptive to actually use, since I need to flip to the references every ...
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7 votes
1 answer
173 views

Why are articles and books formatted differently in many citation styles?

Why are articles and books formatted differently in many citation styles? Proceedings, websites, theses and other works are also formatted in their own way. It really looks very inconsistent and makes ...
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1 answer
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Secondary citation with APA 7th - Does one have to adpot the quotation style?

Let's say an author A doesn't use APA 7th and quotes an author B. I cannot access author B's publication and therefore use a secondary quote. Do I then need to adpot the quotation style of author A ...
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When citing from a foreign language and inluding a translation - what is correct?

Which version is correct (using APA7)?: "Die Sonne ist hell. [The sun is bright]" (Müller, 2010, S. 1) "Die Sonne ist hell." [The sun is bright] (Müller, 2010, S. 1) So - ...
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How to cite if one mentions an author several times in a paragraph using APA7?

I have a short paragraph in my text where I summarize the research questions of an author. I begin with The goal of the author is ... ... leading to his research questions as stated now: Now there ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Citing literature reference as a statement of purpose title

I'm currently putting the finishing touches on a few grad school applications, and some of them require that my statement of purpose has a title. For one reason or another, I decided that the title of ...
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0 votes
2 answers
146 views

Is it necessary to add editors in citation?

I am adopting the MLA citation style. If a book is written by a principal author with an editor, is it obligatory to add an editor of the book in citation?
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1 answer
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Harvard referencing - Multiple Authors

I am using Harvard referencing for my thesis draft, however, I am a bit confused with how to cite multiple authors (4 or more) in the bibliography. Specifically, I have been finding contradicting ...
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1 vote
2 answers
55 views

Different Styles for Parenthetical vs Narrative format in Mendeley, Harvard referencing

My Supervisor has pointed out that Harvard requires different in-text citation styles based on whether it is in Narrative style or Parenthetical. e.g. It has been emphasised that good referencing is ...
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4 votes
1 answer
140 views

How do you cite a Youtube video in APA format when the original author of the video is not the channel owner?

I see a Youtube video where the original author is John Doe. However, the video I found it at was on a channel with a name (let's say ChannelName). Whether John Doe is the owner of that channel or ...
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1 vote
2 answers
73 views

Chicago citation of quote in quote

In my paper, I am quoting a sentence which involves a quote from another paper. I am using Chicago style notes and bibliography. How should I do this? See the example below: Hoffman concludes, “...
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2 votes
1 answer
90 views

How to properly cite the source of pictures in powerpoint slides

I am giving a short presentation at a virtual conference soon, and would like to include some images from the internet in my presentation. Particularly, I'd like to use an image from this wolfram ...
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How are more sub-figures with letters usualy cited?

We are writing a book so we want to establish some guidelines, so I am looking for how this is most usualy done in scientific papers. What would be the rules for citing more sub-figures with letters? ...
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17 votes
3 answers
4k views

Should religious (or other kind of) titles be used when citing authors?

I'm writing an article that cites some scientific works of a religious sister. I noticed that some authors cite her works including the title "Sister", as in "Sister Surname [ref] was ...
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1 answer
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How should I directly refer to works using the Harvard style?

I am not clear how a work should be cited directly in text using the Harvard style (specifically, the Harvard Bath variety). This is probably best explained through examples. Consider the alternatives:...
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0 answers
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How to cite (results of) a competition held in conference venue?

I want to cite results of a competition that is held in a conference venue. I've seen a related question here of citing Kaggle competition results. An answer suggested to do general citation because ...
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3 votes
1 answer
132 views

Citation for articles when the issue is not paginated continuously

In the last decade, an increasing number of online journals have begun publishing issues where the articles are all paginated independently. PLoS One is probably the best known, but several ...
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0 answers
142 views

What reference type to use in EndNote to cite GitHub resources and how to cite

What reference type should I use in EndNote to cite a GitHub resource? And how do I cite the resource in the fields used in EndNote for the specific reference type?
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0 votes
0 answers
42 views

What is the proper way to format citations for a section of notes on a single source?

I am writing my math thesis, and I have several sections that are primarily notes based on one source. As it is now, at the beginning of these sections I have "The theorems and definitions from ...
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0 answers
38 views

How to cite an article found on a webpage

I would like to cite the following pdf found in a website online in a personal article I'm working on: http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/doc/texlive-doc/latex/base/encguide.pdf As you can see this ...
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2 votes
1 answer
137 views

How to cite this article composed of sections, each written by different authors?

I have a question about citing this article. In case you cannot access it, it is composed of different sections, each written by a different author. I would like to refer to one of the sections in ...
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2 votes
1 answer
167 views

How to cite guide that doesn't have a year?

I have to cite this guide in one of my papers using the APA citation style. How to cite it inline? Zotero is inserting the citation like "(Tingley et al., n.d.)" because it doesn't have a ...
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0 votes
1 answer
160 views

How to cite from a website using Mendeley properly?

Today I try to cite the news about the first person getting vaccinated all over the world from this link. When I used the Mendeley extension from Google Chrome to cite the article in my word document, ...
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2 votes
0 answers
38 views

A few questions about properly citing resources according to the APA format

I recently finished writing a monograph but I am having some slight misunderstandings about how to properly cite the resources I used. When mentioning the source of figures, should I write the author'...
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2 votes
2 answers
338 views

Why is the reference style inconsistent in a published paper?

I found a paper in a top journal in my area here. I have a question regarding the inconsistency in citation displaying. For example, somewhere they use (author year), somewhere they use author (year) ...
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3 votes
1 answer
589 views

How should I cite an executive order in a paper?

I want to cite this president action. How do I properly cite this source in a paper? I cannot use Mendeley to cite directly, and in the papers’ cases, Mendeley did all the work.
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8 votes
6 answers
2k views

Citing online journal papers for Master's Class Research Project

I am doing my masters in energy systems engineering. Whenever I cite a scientific paper that I found online, I include the link where I got it and date accessed in the citation, as well as the DOI, ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Which style guides, if any, recommend using "ms" to cite unpublished manuscripts?

I've come across papers in which an author cites an unpublished manuscript by listing the author's name followed by "ms" enclosed in parentheses. So, for example: As Surname (ms) points out,...
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2 votes
2 answers
93 views

Does APA style use parentheses to differentiate between names for works versus names for authors?

I am in the process of conforming a paper to the APA style guide. However, I recently came across submission guidelines for an academic journal, and the following distinction stood out to me: If you ...
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5 votes
1 answer
251 views

Citing article with number AND issue

I stumbled over some journal which uses, next to volumes, numbers AND issues. I am wondering how one cites articles in this journal. For example, if some article is contained in a journal having only ...
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1 vote
1 answer
126 views

Omitting part of a word to syntactically fit it in a sentence

How do I make an in-text citation in APA for a quote which I need to syntactically fit it in a sentence. If, for instance, the original words are "explains how it works", what change(s) do I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
189 views

Citing a Matlab live script

How do I cite or reference Matlab live script? I want to cite/reference a Matlab live script that is published on my university's homepage. How to do that correctly? The script has a detailed ...
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2 votes
1 answer
96 views

How do I use examples from someone else's book in my thesis (APA style 7th edition)?

I am writing my first Linguistic thesis and am struggling with a question I can't find an answer to. Since it is a Linguistic paper I need some word and abbreviation examples, which are provided by ...
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1 vote
1 answer
108 views

What are the citation styles used in these articles? [closed]

I am a CS student, and journals I think of submitting my article to recommend to use IEEE, ACM or APA on their websites. However, I read some of their articles and in their references, the do not use ...
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1 vote
1 answer
56 views

Chicago Manual of Style - notes in footnotes

When using Chicago Style Footnote can other notes (i.e. asides and not references) be used in the footnotes as well or should footnotes be kept exclusively for the references? If mixed (references ...
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3 votes
3 answers
322 views

Do Taylor & Francis publications have article numbers that are hidden but can be found?

[[This post has been retitled once and edited twice. This is the second edit. The original post had a sample reference that was faulty for purposes of having the question answered. For this edit, I ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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How to I cite from one source with some additional information from other sources in APA?

I have a brief section in my thesis that is pretty much entirely a paraphrase from a single source, but with a few additional pieces of information from other sources. Would it be APA-compliant to ...
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