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Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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In-line APA reference for webpage from an institution

Insofar as I can see the following is a valid APA reference to a website I'm referencing in a school paper: American Academy of Pediatrics. (2021, October 19). Aap-AACAP-Cha Declaration of a national ...
Dave Carpeneto's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
19 views

in-text citation: multiple section of a book

I am using APA 7th and IEEE. In in-text citation, how to refer to multiple section of a book. I mean, i want to say in chapter C1, section S1 and chapter C2, section S2 the author talked about X. Here ...
Ahmad Ismail's user avatar
21 votes
5 answers
3k views

Bibliographic references: “[19,31-33]”, “[33,19,31,32]” or “[33], [19], [31], [32]”?

Which syntax are acceptable when citing a sequence of articles? I am teaching my students to use LaTeX2e and BibTeX (albeit I am planning to upgrade to LaTeX3 and BibLaTeX soon!) with the package ...
J..y B..y's user avatar
  • 2,758
1 vote
3 answers
98 views

Citing multiple works of same author at different positions in one sentence in APA 7 style

A sentence has to mention the author's name and cite two specific works of the author. Which version is correct in APA 7? Cardon et al. were able to demonstrate in two studies that executive ...
Madamadam's user avatar
  • 125
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1 answer
83 views

Why does Google Scholar omit the publishers and editors in chapter citations?

I've noticed, at least in my own research, it seems to regularly do this with few exceptions. When trying to use Google Scholar's cite feature on a chapter of an edited volume, it gives a reduced ...
Thesaurus Rex's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
75 views

Cite a specific section of my own paper

I am using APA 7th. I want to cite a specific section of my own paper. How to say look into section X for more details. Please show both parenthetical and narrative.
Ahmad Ismail's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
36 views

When paraphrasing over several paragraphs, how to cite an ebook with chapter and section?

Here is a sample dummy text: Davis and Jones (2020) explore different leadership styles and their effects on employee motivation in their ebook. They highlight transformational leadership as ...
Ahmad Ismail's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
247 views

I am citing from a paper which confused the word "affective" and "affectionate", what should I do?

I understand that with minor spelling mistakes you use [sic] or just [brackets]. However, in this case, I think the author accidentally wrote the wrong word. It looks odd to write affect[ionat]e and ...
Ali's user avatar
  • 1
1 vote
2 answers
127 views

Would I italicize a treaty in Chicago style? [closed]

For example; War crimes, as defined by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court... OR War crimes, as defined by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court...
Ati's user avatar
  • 13
3 votes
0 answers
123 views

How do you cite a published book that is a translation of an unpublished diary?

A book (ISBN: 0837156807) with the title 'The Diaries of Tchaikovsky' contains English translation of the un-published personal diaries of the Russian composer - how should this book be cited using ...
GoatsWearHats's user avatar
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0 answers
53 views

How to set off an abbreviation from its resolution in a project title (CMS)

I am part of a team wrapping up work on a humanities project whose title is more conveniently used as an acronym. Because that acronym is not universally known but we want to encourage its use, the ...
Paul Langeslag's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
30 views

(MLA) Citing from a collection of published letters

I have a book of published letters as one of my sources and am trying to figure out how to properly cite a handful of these letters in MLA format. The book: The Letters of Emily Dickinson, Harvard ...
BTubbs200's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
116 views

(APA) How to cite same author, but one has n.d. and the other has a date

I have two sources that are from the same webpage, but I am citing different articles from the same webpage. The problem I have is, one article has a date, while the other doesn't. For example: ...
kokorocks's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
72 views

Use of colon and other symbols in citation

I'm currently working on a uni assignment regarding a piece of academic work, but I'm confused about some of the punctuation and symbols used in citations. 1) Consider this extract: "“phenomena ...
daria's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
105 views

When to add "in proceedings" and when to not in references

I have two papers whose citation look like this: Elhabbash, A., Nundloll, V., Elkhatib, Y., Blair, G. S., and Marco, V. S. (2020). An ontological architecture for principled and automated system of ...
foobar's user avatar
  • 999
1 vote
0 answers
112 views

Can Google Scholar capture citations without arXiv DOI

I had a paper uploaded to arXiv. Today I noticed there are two new papers citing my paper with the correct title and author names but both without my arXiv DOI. This is because they use @misc format ...
Wenquan Lu's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
97 views

How to properly capitalize a title in APA 7 style?

Should you capitalize the word "a" following a colon? For example: Lipscomb, A. Y. (2021). Addressing trauma: a look at the college essay writing process. The Journal of College Admission, (...
Kevin Smith's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Meaning of bullet sign in citation number

I'm reading this research paper and some of the citations are marked like this: [29•] or [29•,[30],[31•]•,[32],[33],[34]] The bullet points are in superscript, as well as nesting in the bracketing. ...
Kotlopou's user avatar
  • 223
-4 votes
1 answer
113 views

How do you cite in MLA? (I've forgotten)

Am I supposed to cite with quotations around the author's name, or quotations then the author's name. (I felt like this was obvious but I've seen multiple people site differently, and one of them has ...
soupycereal's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
161 views

How to cite a chapter in an edited book with a unique translator for that chapter using Chicago Style?

I'm using Chicago Style 17th edition, author-date system. I'm trying to cite a chapter from an edited book, but every chapter has a different translator. Chicago Manual says that for edited books, the ...
John Smith's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
110 views

Citation style that writes X-Y if citations are inserted in row

I typically use reference managers to handle my citations automatically and insert them in text in the IEEE style: This is a statement backed by research [1], [2], [3]. However, in the case where ...
Rye's user avatar
  • 103
0 votes
2 answers
192 views

When do you include the nth in front of the conference when citing?

This question is easiest to ask by showing an example. There are conferences that are cited like 5th International Conference on ABC and some like Interational Conference on XYZ. Why are some ...
Ralff's user avatar
  • 1,084
4 votes
1 answer
555 views

Quotation marks in Chicago Style but with British spelling

I'm writing a document following the Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition) guidelines but using British English spelling. British English typically uses single quotation marks, but I'm unsure whether ...
John Smith's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
61 views

Proper Format for In-text Topic (Analysis) Tags for Interview Quotes

I am editing a dissertation in the social sciences using the author-date format of Chicago/Turabian. The author was asked by his mentor after his defense to add topic tags to the quotes that came from ...
Jeff Calhoun's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
137 views

How would one cite images from Logos Bible Software?

I have done a word study using Logos Bible Software. I have images of how much the word 'agape' in Greek is used in the LXX and NT. How would I cite these images in Chicago Manual of Style?
Christian Saucier's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
193 views

What does Chicago Manual of Style say about publisher names?

Sometimes books published by Eerdmans are misnamed in citations as “Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company” or “William B. Eerdmans”, or just “Eerdmans”. What is the correct citation style according to ...
Christian Saucier's user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
5k views

Which date (received, accepted, published) is relevant when citing a paper?

I want to cite this article in my thesis. Which date should I to use in my bibliography? At the beginning of the article, there are three dates Received 28 April 2021 Accepted: 5 November 2021 ...
Lereu's user avatar
  • 398
0 votes
0 answers
572 views

How can you write a citation for a screenshot from a YouTube video in APA style?

I need to use a still from a YouTube video in my presentation and I'll have to cite it in APA style. How can this be done? I've done something like: Channel Name. (Year). Title of video [Video]. ...
ephe's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
1 answer
137 views

Complicated citation of sources

I am writing an essay and have to use the Chicago 17th edition notes and bibliography style. One of my sources is a book. Within the book is a collection of 30 historical documents. Some of these ...
D Prakash's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
93 views

How to cite sources from the same author with conflicting last names?

I'm using the APA citation style. The author in question is Spanish. In one paper, he uses the format "John Forbes". In the other, he uses "John Forbes Nash". It feels weird to ...
Wood's user avatar
  • 101
2 votes
1 answer
193 views

Referencing style for Publications in German CV (Lebenslauf)

What is the Referencing Style ("Referenzierungsstil") for Publications ("Publikationen") in German CV ("Lebenslauf")? Should I use APA or IEEE referencing style for the ...
Celestial-Voyage's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
100 views

Citing the preface of a book written by a different author in ASA

As the title says, I'm trying to cite the preface of a book. The book is a new edition, and the preface was written by a different author. How do I cite that in ASA style? The closest I can think of ...
Lyra-xy's user avatar
  • 233
0 votes
2 answers
114 views

How often do you have to cite a source when stating that you follow someone's work at the beginning of the section?

I am writing my thesis at this point and I have some sections, which started as follows: Throughout this section we follow \cite[Section 3.2.1]{...} for solving ... I am wondering whether I have to ...
MathStarter's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
164 views

How to in-text cite a paragraph in APA format

I have the following paragraph: This incident was part of a proxy war between the United States and the Soviet Union, known as the Cold War. These two nations had different ideologies. The United ...
Kamal Saleh's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
702 views

How can I identify the citation/reference style used when I have the citation/reference itself?

How can I identify the citation/reference style used when I have the citation/reference itself? Is there a tool that can help with identifying/matching the style to my plain-text input? For example, ...
ARGYROU MINAS's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Is this citation for reference correct? (APA 7th edition)

Is the citation in APA 7th edition format correct for this technical report? Citation: Servan-Schreiber, D., Cleeremans, A., & McClelland, J. L. (1988). Encoding sequential structure in simple ...
testing93's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
2k views

Software Citation APA 7 - RStudio and Qualtrics

As part of my social psychology academic research paper, I have difficulty finding information about Software citations. I used the 'R Studio' IDE to do the statistical analysis, and used 'Qualtrics' ...
Dan Ohana's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
339 views

If I copy from any source do I also have to use inverted commas along with the source?

I am writing a report in which I have to define some terminology. If I copy from any source and paste it and mention the source will it be enough or do I also have to mark inverted commas along with ...
Zabia 's user avatar
  • 159
2 votes
2 answers
68 views

Citation style for an edited transcript of a lecture published in a journal

If an edited transcript of a lecture which was given is published in a journal, should the citation style for the transcript be the same as for a paper published as part of conference proceedings? (...
Thierry's user avatar
  • 21
-1 votes
1 answer
1k views

How do you cite an image taken from Amazon.com?

I need to cite an image from amazon.com, but there isn't really an author/date.
Gus Brykman's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
228 views

When to capitalize the beginning of a quotation?

So I know (now) that if you quote a complete sentence and this sentence is syntactically set off from the rest of your sentence with a comma etc, one has to (according to the Turabian) capitalize the ...
IbnZubeira's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
80 views

What's the generally accepted way to cite a generated report?

I am working on a paper that includes numerous graphs that were generated by an analytics system. These graphs are uniquely generated based on specific criteria I provided, but I did not collect the ...
Josh's user avatar
  • 131
1 vote
1 answer
969 views

Quoting/Citing Footnotes in APA

When directly quoting from a footnote, I have sometimes seen authors indicate this by including something along the lines of "n", "fn.", "footnote 2", etc. in their ...
Spailpín's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
522 views

What is the APA7 style for a translated quotation?

My field is in the humanities, and I need to quote a long passage (around 40 words) written in French inside of a paper I write in English. Naturally, I would like to quote a (personally) translated-...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 311
2 votes
1 answer
140 views

What referencing style is this?

My school has provided me with a referencing system but has not stated where it is from. I would prefer to use an online tool such as MyBib however, I don't know what my school's referencing system is....
BlingGosling333's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
290 views

What's the name of this citation style?

I am working on a research paper, and the journal I am submitting to requires a specific citation style for references. However, I am having trouble finding the correct format for one of my references ...
LinkToPhD's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
51 views

How do you document in ASA style a journal that the first page is the cover page?

I am citing the article Solving the Mystery of Military Mental Health: A Call to Action from this link. https://www.psychiatrictimes.com/view/solving-mystery-military-mental-health-call-action My ...
McKK's user avatar
  • 13
0 votes
1 answer
827 views

How to cite one volume of a book which has been published in different volumes (APA 7)?

How to cite one volume of book which has been published in different volumes, following the APA 7 guidelines? Imagine the 3 volumes of the book Quantum Theory of Fields by Steven Weinberg were ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 311
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Citing a lecture

I recently attended a talk and the talk was recorded and posted to YouTube, and the slides are available on the author's webpage. I would like to cite this talk in some work I am doing, and there are ...
Chetan Vuppulury's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
319 views

Abbreviating nicknames in quotes in a bibliography

Suppose that we have a citation style in which given names of authors are abbreviated in the bibliography, that is, either Smith, A. B.: An interesting observation. or A. B. Smith: An interesting ...
Uwe's user avatar
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