Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

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82 views

What are the citation styles used in these articles?

I am a CS student, and journals I think of submitting my article to recommend to use IEEE, ACM or APA on their websites. However, I read some of their articles and in their references, the do not use ...
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32 views

Chicago Manual of Style - notes in footnotes

When using Chicago Style Footnote can other notes (i.e. asides and not references) be used in the footnotes as well or should footnotes be kept exclusively for the references? If mixed (references ...
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Do Taylor & Francis publications have article numbers that are hidden but can be found?

[[This post has been retitled once and edited twice. This is the second edit. The original post had a sample reference that was faulty for purposes of having the question answered. For this edit, I ...
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33 views

How to I cite from one source with some additional information from other sources in APA?

I have a brief section in my thesis that is pretty much entirely a paraphrase from a single source, but with a few additional pieces of information from other sources. Would it be APA-compliant to ...
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282 views

Where should I place the citation in this sentence?

I have the following sentence, where the citation refers to the first part of the sentence. Because of how it appears in the formatting of my paper, and how it reads, I would like to have the citation ...
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1answer
113 views

Will getting the citation format minorly incorrect cost me?

I recently submitted a graded essay with the Harvard citation format and did not know that for single authored papers, the in-text citation follows as Last Name (Year) when starting a sentence or ...
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80 views

How to cite a spoken quote?

I have a quote spoken by a person in an interview, how do I cite it? Chinua Achebe, the prominent Nigerian novelist and essayist who died on Thursday, said in a 1994 interview with the Paris Review, &...
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58 views

Sensible rules for forming acronyms for publications in references

Personally, I prefer numbering references and citing them in the text by something like see A. Miller and P. Smith [13] for further details or see Miller–Smith [13] for further details However, some ...
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Citation for trade paperback edition in APA 7

I've been looking at the online guidance from APA (and others) for how to handle editions of the text other than the first. In particular, using the guidance here: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-...
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89 views

Citation of a book chapter that was put online

I am trying to cite, using the ACS format, https://www.intechopen.com/books/cancer-causing-substances/heavy-metals-and-cancer, but I don't know whether it is considered a book or ebook chapter. How am ...
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120 views

How to cite a company that gave the data and formulated a problem to be solved in a competition?

So recently there was a data science competition and we learned and made a good algorithm which can be published as a case study. So how can I cite the Data source and the really good score metric ...
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Latin abbreviation for “see there”

I am writing a paper and want to reference another source. In academic Hebrew, this would be said using the abbreviations for, "See (source)" or "as explained in (source), see there&...
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In-text citations - First and subsequent citations - AMA

Am new to writing research article. While I am following the guidelines here Am I right to understand that whenever we refer to a source, we cite them in-text. Let's say my paragraph has 100 lines. I ...
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1answer
141 views

Using Cambridge's “short-title reference system”

Does anyone have experience using the Cambridge UP's "short-title reference system" or even just know of a work that uses it. I'm copy-editing for some extra cash but the style guide they ...
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2answers
109 views

Does this citation style have a name?

I was asked to turn a set of references into the following citation format: [Qin2014] Z. Qin, G. Denker, C. Giannelli, P. Bellavista and N. Venkatasubramanian, “A software defined networking ...
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3k views

How do I cite an equation that has a typo in the source?

I want to cite an equation in my thesis that has a minor typo in the cited source (the wrong letter is used for an index). How should I do that? Can I simply correct the typo in my paper without ...
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27 views

In ACM in-text citations, should the first citation to a given source include anything except a number enclosed in brackets?

For example, suppose I am citing Dr. John Doe's Pie Are Round, Pi Are Not Square: Digitally Representing Double Entendres from Natural Languages for the first time in my paper. Which of the following ...
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29 views

ACM in-text citations for specific locations in a lengthy referenced work?

I'm using the ACM citation style format for my paper. In the text of that paper, I wish to cite particular passages in a 50-page reference, so the reader will not have to wade through the entire ...
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48 views

Cite appendix from guest author (APA)

I need to cite the appendix of a book that I already cited somewhere else in my paper, but the appendix was written by a guest author whose name is not among the author names of the book. Does this ...
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3answers
1k views

When the title of an article is printed differently in the front/back matter versus the first page, which should be used for citing the article?

I wish to cite a research paper by B. L. van der Waerden from 1928 that is titled (very) slightly differently in the front/back matter of the journal versus the first page of the article: in the front/...
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1answer
64 views

Citing papers in Statement of purpose

I am citing papers in Statement of Purpose. I am only using - "first author et al". instead of the recommend cite as per the paper's norms. Would that be okay or should I just use the normal ...
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1k views

Do I mention that a paper in mathematics is a “Short Communication” or “Note” or “Research Article” when citing it?

Apologies in advance for a possibly naive question. When I search for literature relevant to my research work, I come across articles that are published variously as either a "Short Communication&...
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138 views

Should we allow reuse a image in a publication as long as it is properly cited and noted?

Sometimes it is easier for the reader to understand a image if it is reused, even in the same publication. Just like we sometimes need to go back to a slide when doing a presentation. What is the ...
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Wrong publishing date [closed]

Hej I´ve just got a new scientific paper published and have discovered that it is wrong publication year Thies-Lagergren, L., Kvist, L. J., Gottvall, K., & Jangsten, E. (1920). A Swedish register-...
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98 views

How to cite online articles that don't have a publication date?

I am very new to the ordeal of incorporating citations into my work, but I'm working on a project for school, and in it, I'm using the APA 6th citation format. https://www.nationalgeographic.org/...
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147 views

Two authors with same name – multiple author citations

I'm formatting a paper right now and there are two authors with the surname "Moran". I know that the usual way of going about that is to add the initial to each citation (J. Moran 2015; D. ...
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35 views

CMS citations: complete page numbers for serialized works

When citing a novel that was originally serialized in a journal (Dickens, for instance), one usually does not give complete pagination of all installments individually. But the issue may arise, if for ...
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3answers
1k views

How should I cite the ministry in my own country in APA?

In my research paper, I have cite from a curriculum published by the Ministry of Education in my country. Should I cite the name of the ministry in my own language (i.e. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı; MEB as ...
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3answers
121 views

Can I upload a national report which I reference in a paper to a preprint server so it has a permanent location and/or DOI rather than a URL?

I recently wrote an editorial article which referenced several national (UK) reports. These are typically freely available as pdf files online via institutions like the British Medical Association, ...
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1answer
195 views

How do I reference/cite a figure created specially for me by someone else?

A friend of mine helped to created figures shown in my thesis. I know that you do not need te reference figures created yourself. (How) am I supposed to give credits to my friend? Is there a special ...
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1answer
27 views

APA format - hyperlinking the citation rather than providing a separate URL

I'm at my page length maximum for my APA-style references section. Beyond using Bitly to shorten URLs, can I simply hyperlink my entire citation rather than wasting space with a following URL? Example:...
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60 views

How to cite a drug name in AMA Style journal article?

In my paper, I have used a drug name called Metformin. But I received a comment from Editor to cite the drug name. May I know how can I cite the drug name in AMA style? There could be multiple ...
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125 views

Can the “and” word be replaced by the ampersand, “&”, in citations with IEEE style?

Can the "and" word be replaced by the ampersand "&" in citations with IEEE style? I have searched for an answer to this question online but I did not find anything so far.
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1answer
31 views

Citing a short story within a collection within another collection

Its collections all the way down today. I am usually pretty sure about my works cited pages, but I just ran into something that has me stumped. I am citing "Araby" from James Joyce's ...
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1answer
43 views

How to cite/credit a photograph using Turabian?

I contacted some owner of some historical photographs and obtained permission to use them in my work. They asked I put a line under the photograph to indicate simply author and photo number (they have ...
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1answer
40 views

Citation of Reports from Environmental Agency [closed]

I need to cite a report from different Agencies. I have never cited a report before, and on the Internet, I only found how to cite papers, books, or theses. Can anyone give me a good example or help ...
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1answer
57 views

A paper is published in a book, conference and its proceedings, should I cite it as book, conference or conference proceeding paper?

I use Mendeley reference manager and sometimes import articles from browser to my Mendeley Library using browser extension. Import is totally fine but I am having two confusions after importing: Some ...
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1answer
155 views

Reviewers comments refer to last (senior) author

I have recently received my first manuscript back for major revisions and found one of the reviewers comments strange. Within the comments the reviewer refers to the paper as "Author D et al's ...
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Referencing - Harvard Australian Government Publishing Service Style and Abbreviations

I'm working on my dissertation with the University of Sydney and need to use Harvard Australian Government Publishing Service (AGPS) referencing. I'm assuming that the below question will be ...
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32 views

Citation Style (CSL) with angular quotation marks?

I'm writing a chapter to go in a book produced in South America, and they want us to use angular quotation marks. Two example formats I have look like: Klaveren, Alberto van. «Doscientos años de la ...
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49 views

Is it okay to cite a supplemental attachment when referencing a previously published technique or method? (advanced materials and surface science)

The thorough answer to Roadmap and possible pitfalls for a first-time software author to publish a paper on a Python package? covers the issue nicely, and it's not yet clear if in my case this paper ...
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51 views

How to cite an entire section I rephrased from a book using APA style?

Let us say that I'm summarizing a chapter from a book. I'm rephrasing an entire section, let us say that the section is about scheduling algorithms which are taken from operating systems concepts book....
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1answer
81 views

AMS Citation Style - No date

When including a reference in your bibliography, and the source has no publication date, how should this be indicated in the AMS (American Mathematical Society) citation style? Is it "n.d." ...
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45 views

Author-Date style with Mendeley citation manager

I have recently started using Mendeley Desktop with Microsoft Word. I am using the Author-Date style of citation and have encountered some difficulties. I'm hoping someone has a solution. Here are the ...
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1answer
49 views

different online Harvard citation styles

I read some Academia questions, such as this one, but I'm still wondering about the preference of the following similar, but slightly different formats: Option 1 Cillizza, C. (2020). The absolutely ...
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44 views

How does one Harvard-style reference borrowed computer code?

I'm writing an academic (working) paper, and in the appendix I display a short program I wrote in Stata, a program used for statistical analysis. I wanted to highlight the syntax with colours, so I ...
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How do you refer to foreign titles in APA6?

I'm familiar with the example for when I am citing a part of a foreign source but I have questions about referring to foreign titled work. I have written papers before in MLA, but I am required to ...
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1answer
93 views

(APA) Citations for figures I created with existing data (An Egotistical Dilemma)

Context: I'm working on a paper in APA style. I created two scatterplots on my own using code I wrote in R. However, the actual raw data represented comes from a source in my references. Issue: I feel ...
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633 views

How do I cite — in APA style — a Creative Commons licensed image retrieved from Wikimedia Commons?

Suppose I wish to use this image in my paper: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Standing_white_tiger.jpg +--------------+ | | | IMAGE HERE | | | +--------------+ ...
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565 views

How should I cite an open letter with a large number of signatories?

When citing an open letter, is it appropriate to cite all of the signatories as authors? I would like to cite the following open letter: Dear Oprah Winfrey: 142 Writers Ask You to Reconsider American ...

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