Questions tagged [citation-style]

On the syntax and formatting of citations and reference lists according to a particular style guide (e.g., Chicago, MLA, IEEE, APA) or in general.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

If watch a video about a book do I need to cite the book as well?

I watched a video recently about a book (Thomas Kuhn's "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions"), and I am going to use that video as a source in a paper I am writing. Do I need to cite ...
1 vote
1 answer
155 views

Separating citation and text inside parentheses

In the following examples, should the citation be separated by ; or ,? Simplistically, the goal of the investor is to maximise return (subject to risk constraints; XYZ, 2011). or Simplistically, ...
  • 263
1 vote
1 answer
36 views

What is the correct way of citing using et al. using IEEE citation style

I have seen many authors cite in scientific research papers as follows: First_author's_last_name et al.[10] Another_first_author's_last_name et al. [15] I have also seen some papers refer to popular ...
3 votes
1 answer
54 views

Question about APA 7-- Avoiding ambiguity in groups of similar authors

In an article I have under review, one reviewer took issue with my use of the citation "(Smith et al., 2005; Smith et al., 2006)." They suggested that it be changed to "(Smith et al., ...
  • 31
10 votes
4 answers
3k views

How to cite a paper with authors in non-alphabetical order?

I am writing a pure-math paper. I want to cite a paper where the authors are not listed in alphabetical order, e.g.: John Smith and Anna Perez I know that the latter is the supervisor of the former. ...
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

How do I cite a translation of a classical author (greek philosopher) in my thesis

I want to cite a quote by Seneca at the start of my economics thesis: It is not because things are difficult that we do not dare, it is because we do not dare that things are difficult. Here is an ...
9 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why is it that sometimes in bibliography, DOI information is added?

When I'm casually browsing through bibliography section of preprints, sometimes I find that an author will also include the DOI information in the citation. For example, I just picked a random Arxiv ...
  • 11.4k
1 vote
2 answers
567 views

Is my citation error considered as plagiarism?

Briefly speaking, I recently found out that my graduate research paper has some citation errors. Which is really poor citations. I cited a wrong author name (author A) for a sentence which actually ...
  • 13
2 votes
0 answers
60 views

What style of reference is the below?

I was asked by an editor to write a reference like this. What kinda reference style is this?
  • 304
0 votes
1 answer
127 views

How/where to cite corrigendum publication on CV?

Citations for my publications on my CV are listed in reverse chronological order, and I am wondering how/where to list the citation for a corrigendum. Should I list the corrigendum and original ...
3 votes
2 answers
284 views

How to cite a military tribunal?

I would like to cite The United States of America v. Otto Ohlendorf et al: Opinion and Judgment and Sentence’, Military Tribunal, No. 2, 9 April 1948 I am not sure the right way to do this. I ...
  • 3,071
2 votes
1 answer
68 views

Consecutive sentence citation in Chicago date-author style

I am writing a paper in which I repeat a newspaper article citation. "The New York Times article discusses the introduction of the AFB mainframe computer (Stevens, 1984). During an interview with ...
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

How to cite a SSRN paper in master thesis?

How should I cite a paper which I found on https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2580904? In my references, the citation appears like this: Hayes, A. (2015). A cost of production model ...
  • 133
2 votes
1 answer
89 views

Referencing in a paper

When referencing in a paper or a thesis, is there a convention to put a reference immediately after the word or separate them by a space? So for example do you have '... FTIR-spectroscopy[1]' or '... ...
0 votes
0 answers
49 views

Harvard referencing in-text

Is the following ‘wrong’ when using Harvard: Smith (1945) had an idea. He said “blah blah” (p.82) but then he said “blah blah blah” (p.96). I would have thought this was a stylistic thing rather than ...
0 votes
1 answer
125 views

What is the reason behind the tradition of omitting the titles of references in bibliographies/citation lists? [duplicate]

Many standard ways of formatting references do not include the name or title of the work in question in the citation. A formal citation often consists of the author names, journal name, publication ...
  • 188
2 votes
1 answer
121 views

What is the meaning of single number in page section of APA citation

My goal is to resubmit a paper to another journal, which has a requirement to format all citations with APA style. I am using Google Scholar to get a first version of each citation in APA, and want ...
  • 139
1 vote
2 answers
136 views

How to identify unknown citation style

I am in the process of finishing my bachelors thesis and my formal requirements do not name any particular citation style, but instead describe the citation style as following. Author(s) in the format ...
1 vote
1 answer
53 views

APA: Citing a text which references other works

I would like to pick up a claim made in Example (2012), which in itself references other academic writings. That is, Example (2012) writes something along the line of: Inequality in France has ...
0 votes
1 answer
112 views

How to cite an anonymous quote from a paper

I have a quote from an anonymous participant of a study reported in a paper, say by John Smith in 2021. Let's say in the paper it said: One participant commented: It's really surprising that the ...
1 vote
0 answers
44 views

APA: Citing a term in quotation marks that is not a secondary source (i.e. quotation marks are used by author for emphasis)

The source I would like to cite introduces a new concept, and when doing so, the term used to describe this concept is written in quotation marks – however these quotation marks are used for emphasis ...
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Referencing works that request you use a specific reference format?

I've come across several documents that say something like "please use the following reference to the whole report:," or "reference to this report may be made in the following form:&...
1 vote
1 answer
78 views

Chicago Style 17th edition- Footnotes and bibliography

In the Chicago style guide it mentions that you should use footnotes for unusual sources and sources with additional notes/information added and that bibliography is added for traditional sources ...
0 votes
3 answers
178 views

Is [sic] used for the citation itself?

I am writing a capstone paper using MLA. I am using a digital file for a source and the file's title seems to have a typo and improper capitalization. The title is "District Demographics all ...
2 votes
1 answer
216 views

Do I need to specify pages when citing a book?

I am citing the book Statistical Power Analysis for the behavioral sciences from pages 77 to 81. It seems @book in bibtex has no option for pages though. (I know I can use @inbook but if pages ...
23 votes
8 answers
4k views

Why are numeric citations used?

I like to know what the citations are as I read and prefer parenthetical citations. Personally, I find number citations highly disruptive to actually use, since I need to flip to the references every ...
7 votes
1 answer
179 views

Why are articles and books formatted differently in many citation styles?

Why are articles and books formatted differently in many citation styles? Proceedings, websites, theses and other works are also formatted in their own way. It really looks very inconsistent and makes ...
  • 173
0 votes
1 answer
28 views

Secondary citation with APA 7th - Does one have to adpot the quotation style?

Let's say an author A doesn't use APA 7th and quotes an author B. I cannot access author B's publication and therefore use a secondary quote. Do I then need to adpot the quotation style of author A ...
  • 145
1 vote
0 answers
47 views

When citing from a foreign language and inluding a translation - what is correct?

Which version is correct (using APA7)?: "Die Sonne ist hell. [The sun is bright]" (Müller, 2010, S. 1) "Die Sonne ist hell." [The sun is bright] (Müller, 2010, S. 1) So - ...
  • 145
1 vote
0 answers
29 views

How to cite if one mentions an author several times in a paragraph using APA7?

I have a short paragraph in my text where I summarize the research questions of an author. I begin with The goal of the author is ... ... leading to his research questions as stated now: Now there ...
  • 145
2 votes
0 answers
41 views

Citing literature reference as a statement of purpose title

I'm currently putting the finishing touches on a few grad school applications, and some of them require that my statement of purpose has a title. For one reason or another, I decided that the title of ...
0 votes
2 answers
202 views

Is it necessary to add editors in citation?

I am adopting the MLA citation style. If a book is written by a principal author with an editor, is it obligatory to add an editor of the book in citation?
  • 121
1 vote
1 answer
101 views

Harvard referencing - Multiple Authors

I am using Harvard referencing for my thesis draft, however, I am a bit confused with how to cite multiple authors (4 or more) in the bibliography. Specifically, I have been finding contradicting ...
  • 13
1 vote
2 answers
71 views

Different Styles for Parenthetical vs Narrative format in Mendeley, Harvard referencing

My Supervisor has pointed out that Harvard requires different in-text citation styles based on whether it is in Narrative style or Parenthetical. e.g. It has been emphasised that good referencing is ...
4 votes
1 answer
153 views

How do you cite a Youtube video in APA format when the original author of the video is not the channel owner?

I see a Youtube video where the original author is John Doe. However, the video I found it at was on a channel with a name (let's say ChannelName). Whether John Doe is the owner of that channel or ...
1 vote
2 answers
74 views

Chicago citation of quote in quote

In my paper, I am quoting a sentence which involves a quote from another paper. I am using Chicago style notes and bibliography. How should I do this? See the example below: Hoffman concludes, “...
  • 11
2 votes
1 answer
120 views

How to properly cite the source of pictures in powerpoint slides

I am giving a short presentation at a virtual conference soon, and would like to include some images from the internet in my presentation. Particularly, I'd like to use an image from this wolfram ...
  • 175
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

How are more sub-figures with letters usualy cited?

We are writing a book so we want to establish some guidelines, so I am looking for how this is most usualy done in scientific papers. What would be the rules for citing more sub-figures with letters? ...
  • 1,009
17 votes
3 answers
4k views

Should religious (or other kind of) titles be used when citing authors?

I'm writing an article that cites some scientific works of a religious sister. I noticed that some authors cite her works including the title "Sister", as in "Sister Surname [ref] was ...
  • 273
0 votes
1 answer
47 views

How should I directly refer to works using the Harvard style?

I am not clear how a work should be cited directly in text using the Harvard style (specifically, the Harvard Bath variety). This is probably best explained through examples. Consider the alternatives:...
  • 136
1 vote
0 answers
61 views

How to cite (results of) a competition held in conference venue?

I want to cite results of a competition that is held in a conference venue. I've seen a related question here of citing Kaggle competition results. An answer suggested to do general citation because ...
  • 11
3 votes
1 answer
137 views

Citation for articles when the issue is not paginated continuously

In the last decade, an increasing number of online journals have begun publishing issues where the articles are all paginated independently. PLoS One is probably the best known, but several ...
  • 232
1 vote
0 answers
286 views

What reference type to use in EndNote to cite GitHub resources and how to cite

What reference type should I use in EndNote to cite a GitHub resource? And how do I cite the resource in the fields used in EndNote for the specific reference type?
0 votes
0 answers
39 views

How to cite an article found on a webpage

I would like to cite the following pdf found in a website online in a personal article I'm working on: http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/doc/texlive-doc/latex/base/encguide.pdf As you can see this ...
  • 771
2 votes
1 answer
140 views

How to cite this article composed of sections, each written by different authors?

I have a question about citing this article. In case you cannot access it, it is composed of different sections, each written by a different author. I would like to refer to one of the sections in ...
  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
169 views

How to cite guide that doesn't have a year?

I have to cite this guide in one of my papers using the APA citation style. How to cite it inline? Zotero is inserting the citation like "(Tingley et al., n.d.)" because it doesn't have a ...
0 votes
1 answer
377 views

How to cite from a website using Mendeley properly?

Today I try to cite the news about the first person getting vaccinated all over the world from this link. When I used the Mendeley extension from Google Chrome to cite the article in my word document, ...
2 votes
0 answers
40 views

A few questions about properly citing resources according to the APA format

I recently finished writing a monograph but I am having some slight misunderstandings about how to properly cite the resources I used. When mentioning the source of figures, should I write the author'...
2 votes
2 answers
391 views

Why is the reference style inconsistent in a published paper?

I found a paper in a top journal in my area here. I have a question regarding the inconsistency in citation displaying. For example, somewhere they use (author year), somewhere they use author (year) ...
3 votes
1 answer
603 views

How should I cite an executive order in a paper?

I want to cite this president action. How do I properly cite this source in a paper? I cannot use Mendeley to cite directly, and in the papers’ cases, Mendeley did all the work.

1
2 3 4 5
9