Questions tagged [academic-history]

Regarding inquiries into the evolution and development of academia as an institution from a historical perspective.

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3answers
855 views

How did Academia create and/or solve the chicken-and-egg problem of having a PhD?

I've seen several English translations for "PhD", but seems to me that it did not originate from England. Who introduced the term, what did it originally stand for and where did it originate from? I'...
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392 views

How essential is curiosity? [closed]

This is going to be a rather soft question, I am not completely sure it is appropriate for this place. But still. In your opinion, how important is the presence of strong curiosity (passion for ...
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Status of Elsevier Boycott

Starting around 2012, Timothy Gowers had much to say about the practices of Elsevier. Very roughly speaking, he argued that Elsevier made research articles expensive to access and profited heavily ...
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1answer
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Are there any publications that explain the origin of conventions of authorship order by field?

The conventions of authorship order vary considerably from one field to the next. In some fields, such as pure math, authorship order is typically alphabetical irrespective of the authors' roles. In ...
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1answer
748 views

Around what percentage of universities require(d) Ancient Greek and Latin for admissions?

I limit this question to universities in Canada, UK, and the US. In general: Please see the titled question, and provide dates if known. 2 Examples: p. 10 of 17 of this PDF states Oxford ...
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1answer
320 views

When did it become commonplace for data set providers to ask users to cite their paper(s)?

Nowadays data set providers typically ask data set users to cite their paper(s) introducing the data set. When did this practice become commonplace? (Given what I read on this page, I feel the need ...
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263 views

How can you precisely match Chinese academic positions with western style? [closed]

Since 1919 the first time "democracy" and "science" was introduced into China, two academic position systems have been carried out in Chinese research and educational institutions. One is from Former ...
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2answers
20k views

What is the origin of the "underwater basket weaving" meme in Academia?

"Underwater basket weaving" is often used as a placeholder for "irrelevant, useless university course." (Despite the fact that it's an actual thing.) More generally, "Basket weaving" and related ...
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6answers
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Why does art history exist as a distinct discipline separate from the discipline of history?

Art history is an established academic discipline and you can do degrees at all levels in it. Why is this the case? Why isn't it considered a sub-discipline of history? It seems to stand ...
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1answer
364 views

Are there still journals who only publish their papers in the paper form?

As far as I can say, for the papers published nowadays, there is usually a possibility to get an electronic version of the paper. (Often it requires payment or institutional subscription, but many ...
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How was higher education done before the university system?

I know the university system as it is understood today dates at least as far back as the 13th century or perhaps even to the time of Charlemagne, Alcuin of York, et al., but how was higher education ...
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Do people write research papers differently nowadays?

Revised. I was thinking about the way I write research papers, it involves a lot of revising to even get a "first draft," and subsequently I do a lot of revising also. Presumably this is fairly ...
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1answer
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How to verify academic history and degree?

TL;DR: How does one verify the academic credentials (degree earned, date of graduation) of an individual without their permission or knowledge. I'm trying to verify the academic history and degree ...
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How did authors prepare figures in their publications before the advent of computers?

I am often amazed at how neat figures in old scientific publications are. How did authors prepare those plots and diagrams, when there were no computers around? Did they draw them by hand? Were there ...
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802 views

Origin of the thesis-degree procedure

It just came to my mind, currently if one wants to obtain an academic degree one must to do a thesis. This is a widely accepted method to prove the knowledge of certain academic level, sort to say. ...
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532 views

Publishing PhD thesis at another university due to not being able to afford high publishing costs?

Would it ever occur, historically, that a PhD student could not obtain his degree from a university due to the high costs of publishing his thesis, such that he would have to publish it at another ...
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1answer
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École Normale Supérieure's students' class rankings and ranking on the national concours exam for agregation?

Are the École Normale Supérieure's academic records publicly available anywhere? Specifically, I would like to know what class rankings were historically there, as well as its students' rankings on ...
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1answer
240 views

What is the history of teaching assistants (TAs) in France?

I know that in France, as late as the early 20th century, although I'm not sure if this is true now, a university student (undergrad or grad?) would take a nationwide concours exam to receive the ...
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1answer
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How did graduate schools come into existence?

When did universities start to segregate their certifications into undergraduate degrees (bachelors) graduate programs (master's and doctorates)? More importantly, why did this separation occur? ...
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721 views

Why does the Nobel committee not award prize to collaborations?

The 2013 Physics Nobel prize went to François Englebert and Peter Higgs, for their discovery of the Higgs boson. I was wondering why the CERN, as an institution, or the ATLAS collaboration, are not co-...
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Why is Howard University still predominantly black?

Today, I read the name “Howard University” on a list, and since I had no idea where it was, I looked it up. I was amazed from their website because, well, most people on the photos there are black! ...

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