Questions tagged [academic-history]

Regarding inquiries into the evolution and development of academia as an institution from a historical perspective.

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1answer
145 views

Reporting Plagiarism in Older research

Disclaimer: I apologize for the vagueness of this post as i do not wish to speak negatively about anyone particular on a public forum. I've been doing research on a specific topic looking at two ...
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1answer
170 views

Did any of the social science experiments by the Nazis in WWII get published?

I've read that the Nazi's did a lot of cruel experimentation on Jews during WWII. I was wondering if any of these studies were published, and if they still exist. Preferably available in English.
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What is the meaning of the title “Akad. Orat”?

What is the meaning of the German academic title "Akad. Orat"? What would its international analogous be?
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14k views

How did researchers find articles before the Internet and the computer era?

I find it hard to write a literature review, even though I have Google, the Internet, and all free, very easy to search for information tools. I have to search for days to find a piece of information ...
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108 views

Why is the citation system so archaic? [duplicate]

I am puzzled why citation is still so archaic for academic research papers. It seems to me that all you need to cite a journal or a textbook is three things Names of the authors Date of publication ...
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Is “liberal arts” a unique feature of American higher education?

Liberal arts programs are very common in the US but not in Europe (correct me if I am wrong). As I see here in discussions, the environment of liberal arts colleges is different: for example, student-...
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Are translation journals still a thing?

In the second half of the 20th century there were a large number of English-language journals published in the West that carried only translations by Western academics of Russian-language articles. ...
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2answers
306 views

When did citation counts emerge as indicators of academic impact?

As we know, today, citations of an academic get lots of attentions about whether his research is impfactful. I am just wondering what is the history of citation numbers becoming this important? When ...
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388 views

Examples of top academics who weren't prodigies [closed]

I'm looking for examples of people who are at the very top of their fields who weren't child prodigies, and followed quite a "normal" path in life (high school > college > grad school) before finding ...
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Is it possible to access referee reports for investigating scientific history?

Do most journals keep archives of referee reports and would historians of science be able to access them? Perhaps after some delay?
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713 views

When did “Publish or Perish” first become a thing?

Related: What does "Publish or perish" really mean? The issue of "Publish or Perish" is pretty much an accepted reality in Academia nowadays. When I look at history, however, I see that the ...
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5answers
13k views

Why did it become so much more expensive to start a university?

In 1873, Johns Hopkins University was started with an inflation-adjusted $144.5 million. In 1884, Stanford University began with an inflation-adjusted $139 million. Meanwhile, in 2009, KAUST was ...
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2answers
325 views

When did English come to lead in published research?

As any modern student knows, nearly all published research these days is in English. That's just the way of the world. But it didn't used to be that way. Many of the most pivotal pieces of scientific ...
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Could one become a successful researcher by writing some really good papers while being outside academia?

Would it still be possible today to go from relatively unknown to a respected figure in physics by writing some spectacular papers being outside the academia? (Just like Einstein did)
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1answer
567 views

How did Milton Babitt teach math at Princeton and research math, without an undergraduate degree in math?

Even if Babbitt taught merely elementary calculus, don't universities hire someone with at least an undergraduate degree in math to teach it? I quote Schoenblog.com: Babbitt came to teach at ...
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405 views

Is an academic degree an honor, a title, or both?

For example: Do graduates receive a Bachelor of Arts degree or become a Bachelor of Arts? Are Bachelor degrees grammatically and/or etymologically distinct from advanced degrees? I note that the ...
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1answer
184 views

Why/how APA was chosen as a standard for many fields?

My background is in mathematics where we write papers to the style guide of the particular journal, often similar to that of the largest organizations like the AMS or the MAA. I was a little ...
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2answers
491 views

What was graduate admissions like before the electronic age?

On the applicant side, did admissions require the same documents as today? Also, since gathering the required documents presumably took longer (especially for an applicant who had already graduated), ...
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1answer
460 views

Why bioRxiv instead of arXiv.bio?

In view of the need of a preprint repository for biology science, why was it necessary to start bioRxiv, instead of a biology section in arXiv? Is there any fundamental difference between the two? ...
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3answers
2k views

Getting a W on your transcript for grad school applications

I am a Computer Engineering major at a top 15 engineering school. My goal is to get into grad school for Machine Learning. I have set very lofty goals and am aiming for places like MIT, Berkeley, ...
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When and why did journal article titles become descriptive, rather than creatively allusive?

In 1926, the article titled “On a certain minimal problem” was published. Nobody could guess what it was about, from the title alone. Nowadays, one may expect something more descriptive, such as "...
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2answers
117 views

How to cite primary source first found in secondary source?

I have the following situation (I am in the humanities): I am writing a paper. In that paper, I several times cite a particular scholar's book. Now, in that book, this scholar cites (not quotes) a ...
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1answer
278 views

What are the implications for academia, if the average IQ is and keeps falling? [closed]

I read a dossier in a newspaper about the falling of the IQ. For decades the IQ was increasing, known as the Flynn-Effect. My question here is not, if the IQ is really falling, make up your own mind ...
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Which kinds of academic revolutions has philosophy of science indentified so far and when?

Recently, I had an interdisciplinary discussion with some friends about Industry 4.0, internet of things,...which brought up the question, which kind of academic revolutions apart from industrial ...
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2answers
219 views

How were the figures in old pre-TeX research papers and books created?

If you see old pre-TeX-era classic research papers, technical articles and books the figures still look pretty good. They seem to be hand drawn but with some components of computerization. For ...
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3k views

Publishing research using outdated methods

I'm currently an Economics MA student doing a referee report on a paper that employs a dated empirical method. This particular method was originally created in 1980 but then improved upon in 1998 by ...
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0answers
129 views

Are there apart from single, double-blind… review other common categories focusing choice/number of reviewers [closed]

A current question here reminded me on the Sokal affair/hoax initiated by physicist Alan Sokal in 1996 by publishing a nonsense article in an social journal. I am wondering whether this triggered any ...
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15answers
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What did Universities use in lectures before they starting using PowerPoint?

On my 'quest' to understand how universities have changed over the past decade(s), I'm curious as to how teaching in lectures was done before the days of PowerPoint (which as an undergraduate is ...
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1answer
426 views

Was there ever a time in American history when humanities PhDs were more sought after than STEM PhDs?

Was there ever a time in American history when there was greater interest in a humanities PhD, say, a PhD in Philosophy or Creative Writing, than a STEM PhD? Perhaps during the period of time ...
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2answers
641 views

What is the etymology of “Assistant Professor”?

In the US, "Assistant Professor" is a junior rank among permanent university faculty. Generally, Assistant Professors are independent researchers with more or less the same job responsibilities as ...
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8answers
12k views

What is the reason that once a student has passed a university course, the student cannot take the course again?

This question geared towards STEM but can definitely be expanded for courses in the arts as well. Imagine the following scenarios: A student has taken a course, but passed the course with barely a ...
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1answer
13k views

How to verify academic history and degree?

TL;DR: How does one verify the academic credentials (degree earned, date of graduation) of an individual without their permission or knowledge. I'm trying to verify the academic history and degree ...
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2answers
17k views

What is the origin of the “underwater basket weaving” meme in Academia?

"Underwater basket weaving" is often used as a placeholder for "irrelevant, useless university course." (Despite the fact that it's an actual thing.) More generally, "Basket weaving" and related ...
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1answer
268 views

Name of a fictional scientist with fictional publications invented and ‘working’ at an existing British university

At some British university a fictional professor was invented in the 20th century. He also had is own office and his own (fictional) field of research, in which he published about three papers (in a ...
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38 views

When was the Bachelor degree of Occupational Therapy introduced in Australia?

Sounds like a simple question, but despite a few hours of searching, I couldn't find the answer. I would also like to know what qualification was required beforehand in order to work in that ...
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1answer
258 views

Why was Roy Fielding's thesis on REST not adopted immediately? [closed]

Roy Fielding's thesis ( Architectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures ) was not implemented/adopted immediately, was there any specific reason for this ? The thesis was ...
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1answer
241 views

Have technical reports been subsumed by preprints?

As someone who has recently gotten into the research world, I read a lot of preprints and occasionally dig up some technical reports to access older publications. To me, it seems like technical ...
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2answers
3k views

Were predatory journals widespread before publishers of reputable journals introduced the “author pays” model?

After reading yet another news article about predatory journals/conferences and how they weigh on the finances of labs in some countries, I started to wonder the following. Were they widespread before ...
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1answer
735 views

Around what percentage of universities require(d) Ancient Greek and Latin for admissions?

I limit this question to universities in Canada, UK, and the US. In general: Please see the titled question, and provide dates if known. 2 Examples: p. 10 of 17 of this PDF states Oxford ...
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2answers
344 views

Creating bibliographies, 25 years ago

I'm interested in the academic history of creating a bibliographic reference list. The time period is early 1990s. I want to understand how former researchers have done their writing. Introduction ...
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2answers
3k views

Are there boycotts against publishers other than Elsevier?

Academics have called for a boycott against Elsevier, with some success for instance because it has led to resignations (recently in the Lingua journal). As I understand it, Elsevier is not the only ...
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2answers
216 views

In recent academic history, why has research funding increasingly focused upon large interdisciplinary teams?

As noted in Derek Bok's "Higher Education in America," there is a trend in increased funding for large interdisciplinary research programs since the 1970's (Think NSF MRSEC, for example). What is the ...
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1answer
492 views

Peer-review in the year 2000

For a new paper about media archaeology in the context of scientific publication, I found an interesting topic which is not very well researched yet. As far as I know from research, in the year 2000 ...
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1answer
268 views

Which are the most relevant sources on the goals of university and their relation to its origins and evolution?

During my university student life here in Brazil, I've heard and read different opinions about the goals of modern university, from "provide social justice" to "form an intellectual elite". That's why ...
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2answers
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May I call Samuel Johnson a PhD?

According to Wikipedia, Samuel Johnson was awarded an honorary doctorate in 1765 by Trinity College Dublin and in 1775 by Oxford University. Also, apparently people referred to him as "Dr Johnson" ...
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How does it affect the treatment of a mathematician's results, if that mathematician was a Nazi?

I've been studying uses of quaternions to study various types of orbifolds. The important thing here though is that I came across an absolutely incredible result due to Vahlen in 1901, that apparently ...
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1answer
381 views

History of mega-collaborations

Curiosity spurred by this recent question: what were the first mega-collaboration papers (hundreds/thousands of authors)? Which institution/project/experiment started them? How were they received at ...
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2answers
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Confused about bibliography in old books

I’ve been looking at the bibliography of an old book called History Of Burma by G. E. Harvey and am quite confused. There are abbreviations introduced first like this: B Bodleian Library BM ...
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2answers
672 views

Why does the Nobel committee not award prize to collaborations?

The 2013 Physics Nobel prize went to François Englebert and Peter Higgs, for their discovery of the Higgs boson. I was wondering why the CERN, as an institution, or the ATLAS collaboration, are not co-...
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1answer
96 views

Are there any undergraduate research/internship opportunities in math/science education/history? [closed]

(Apologies if this isn't the right place for such a post. I see lots of advice for undergraduates hoping to pursue research in math and science, but haven't come across anything for the "soft" stuff ...