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I am part of 2 collaborations which are more or less competing (in a friendly way though). Since I am the only one direct connection of these two groups (apart from the topic of course) that has now put me into a somewhat strange situation:

Both collaborations are about to submit a paper to an important journal in our area. In one of papers I am actively involved in the writing process, in the other I am actively involved in correcting what has been written by a collaborator. Particularly in this journal, I have the feeling that the paper which is submitted later might be rejected as being no longer the first one - although both papers are using different approaches to get to a similar result. (Of course, I might be wrong and everything goes through smoothly).

My question now: being part of both collaborations, can I tell the other collaboration that their colleagues/competitors are about to submit a paper where I am also involved ? Or would that be ethically not OK ?

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    I think you've inadvertently allowed yourself to slip into a situation with serious conflict-of-interest aspects... As @Bryan Krause suggests, "side-by-side" publication would be a solution to this conflict. But, generally, as B. Krause notes, it was a bit of an error to allow yourself to get into such straits. Srsly. Even if people are friendly, you don't want to find yourself in such situations in the future. – paul garrett Sep 26 '17 at 22:26
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    To your question: Yes, and urgently. Such a situation might work if everybody is aware of it and OK with you sharing information. But if one paper gets rejected or later some problem is found that you obviously knew about, but didn't tell the other side, there'll be hell to pay. – Karl Sep 26 '17 at 23:43
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Not sure if it applies to your field, but in some cases it is appropriate for researchers to publish simultaneously when they are working on something so similar at the same time (especially with a consistent finding but a different approach, like you suggest is the case here).

Some journals may consider the two papers side-by-side and publish them in sequence in the same issue, or they may be published in different journals. Typically there would be some acknowledgement in each paper of the presence of the other, or a third brief review/editorial possibly coauthored by some of the authors of each paper.

There's a great blog post that talks a bit about the process for simultaneous publications from the Vice President of Editorial at Cell Press (for those outside of biology, this covers some of the most respected journals in basic biology research): http://crosstalk.cell.com/blog/how-papers-from-different-groups-get-published-together

I'm not sure about the ethics overall, but it seems like the issue is being a part of both teams like this in the first place...you would have been aware of this way before the state of writing the actual papers. I think you certainly should have spoke up earlier in the process, at this point you may have already entered the "damage-control" phase, especially if the outcome ends up negative for either of the two groups (i.e., if they are unable to publish or end up publishing in a much lower journal).

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    nice idea with the side-by-side publication, I'll have to think about that. – Alf Sep 26 '17 at 22:18
  • just as an additional comment: there was actually no chance to speak up earlier. But I agree with you: as soon as one becomes aware of such a situation, one should try to sort it out. – Alf Sep 27 '17 at 10:56

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