I'm applying for PhD programs and I'm thinking about what I'll do afterward. Specifically, I did my undergraduate in a well-respected US university and am applying to similar tier universities for a PhD in a STEM field.
From my undergraduate experience I know I like teaching and research- so I'm thinking of trying to go into Academia and be a professor. Turns out this is really competitive. It also turns out you don't get a lot of flexibility about where you live, which is quite important to me.
So I had a thought: what about trying to be a Professor in a Developing Country? I spent most of my childhood in a Developing Country and helping to improve education/opportunities in Developing Countries is something I've cared about for a while. Also, I'm not a US citizen, and I've spent little time living in the EU country I am a citizen of, so have fewer ties to the Western world than some.
So question 1: How easy is it to become a Professor in a Developing Country having a STEM PhD from a US university?
And since that question is quite broad, I'll say regions I'm interested in: Sub-Saharan Africa, China (if that's still considered a Developing Country), Indonesia.
Question 2: After getting in, what issues is one likely to have? (Academic culture, still being able to work competitively in interesting/cutting edge research, funding, etc). Especially if people have experiences of going from the US/EU to be professors in STEM fields in the aforementioned regions I'd be interested to hear about them.
Note: I am aware of this similar question but it seems to be more about short-term programs rather than becoming a longer-term professor.