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In some areas (e.g. CS) it seems acceptable for conference articles to be extended and published as journal articles. In such cases, what is the etiquette for choosing the journal article title? Can it be named the same (hence potentially leading to misunderstandings on which is which)? What are common practices for this?

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    I don't know about CS, but at least in my field it is common practice to use the same title used for the shorter paper. This practice, for the conferences I know, doesn't seem to be mandatory though. – Massimo Ortolano Aug 20 '17 at 20:22
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First of all, I do not think there is any etiquette here. The only rule to follow are the instructions of the journal guest editors. If they do not mention anything about the title, then you can change it.

Now, if you ask about common practices, I can tell you that, in my experience, it is common to change the title, for a number of reasons:

  1. It is a different publication, not a republication of the same paper. You have mentioned that it is an extended version, and I guess that you are suggested to include a percentage of new material, so a new title is in order.
  2. As you point out, it avoids misunderstanding. For instance, when including both publications in your CV, you do want the evaluators of projects or posts to distinguish them.
  3. Note that, even if you use the same title, you could be suggested a change by the journal referees (I assume that the paper is subject to the journal reviewing procedure).

I often have read the explicit instructions "you can change the title and/or coauthors..." but, in case of doubt, there is no harm in asking the guest editors.

Personal note: I once used the same title for the journal special issue and I regret it, for the reason 2 mentioned above.

  • My experience is exactly the opposite; standard practice in theoretical CS is to use the same title for the conference and journal versions of the same paper. – JeffE Aug 21 '17 at 9:01
  • @JeffE It is not the same paper. – Miguel Aug 21 '17 at 9:11
  • @JeffE Then it is not the case of the OP. They point out that the paper must be extended. – Miguel Aug 22 '17 at 14:54
  • In theoretical computer science, it is definitely considered the same paper (for purposes of citation and listing in CVs) even if the final journal version is extended from the preliminary conference version. – JeffE Aug 22 '17 at 16:30
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It's just opinion here but I would think that if you use a significantly different title you will want to be sure that there is more content than the original. A new title could imply, well, new.

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