I am a 3rd-year Masters CSE student. Since I am a 3rd-year student, my advisor has asked me to work on my thesis since 1st year. I picked a problem and worked very hard for around 1.5 years only to realise that nothing new could be done out of it. I have asked my advisor multiple times to let me go for some internships, but he doesn't allow it, telling me that I should get some research output first.
The problem is that he doesn't really have a good problem statement to work on. I am in my final semester now and I have no accomplishments like a research paper or any internship experience. He doesn't have any collaborations either. I am very depressed because I worked so hard reading multiple research papers but now I have nothing on my resume.
Question: What could I do to avoid graduating at the end of the semester without accomplishing anything worth putting on my resume?