When one is hired by industry to research (or something of innovative nature), he or she may want (or need) to access online journal articles. But I suppose normal industrial jobs (e.g. software engineer in Amazon) don't grant online subscriptions to journals (like, access to a network IP with a subscription, just like many university accounts). So, do industrial researchers purchase subscriptions themselves (this seems to be close to impossible)? Or do they apply for subscriptions through their company? I have not worked in the industry, but I am curious.
But I suppose normal industrial jobs (e.g. software engineer in Amazon) don't grant online subscription to journal (like, access to a network IP with subscription, just like many university accounts).
Some industry research labs do subscribe to digital libraries, though in my experience, not as many as a university. For example, in the industry research lab where I'm currently spending my summer, I can access the ACM digital library, but not Elsevier journals.
To access papers that are not available by subscription, researchers in industry usually try one of the methods described in the answers to these questions:
It is often possible to get a library card from your university library. Someone will have to pay for it - presumably your employer - but I can't imagine that if access is essential to your work lack of access would be a longer term issue.
(Some schools also allow some form of access for alumni, usually at a discount over regular paying non-university members.)