I am about to finish my masters from Sweden and have a PhD offer from Germany and in Sweden. I recognise the pros and cons of each offer, but I would like to have a more generalistic view on doing a PhD both the countries. P.S. The university in Sweden is: Chalmers university of technology The university in Germany is A research institute and with collaborations with industries.
In Germany, there are many possibilities for funding PhD studies:
- Scholarship: The research group can offer a monthly scholarship, but this depends on the financial power of the group, and his interest in the candidate. Otherwise, many programs offer scholarships to young talents (e.g. DAAD)
- GRK position: The German government ( Represented by the DFG) supports some field in some universities by introducing a limited program called "GRK: Graduiertenkolleg". This program offers full/half positions to PhD candidates to finish their studies.
- Project position: If a research group has a research project (German or European) with a budget for positions, it is possible to hire PhD candidates. However, their work must be within the project purpose. Usually, PhD candidates employed by projects write their dissertations in the same context of the project. Otherwise, it is tough to work on two different projects.
Almost in all the above cases, the duration is limited to 3-to-4 years. However, people can get another contract to finish their PhDs and in the same time help in other projects.