Next year I am getting married and plan on changing my surname. Now I am starting to think about publishing my research can I publish under my future married name or shall I keep my maiden name for a year and switch? I don't want to deceive anyone but the appeal is that in the future someone can follow the development of my work without losing the first couple of papers.
In general, there is no formal regulation about just what name you are allowed to use in your professional life. As such, any reasonable interpretation of your current, past, or future name is acceptable.
I have, in fact, known at least one other person who did this, and it worked out just fine for her: they had a very solidly established relationship and two decades later they are still married. Predicting the future is risky, however, and I know another person still using the name of an ex in her professional work.
There are other solutions that may work for some people as well, since your publication name is not required to match your legal name. For example, you might choose to hyphenate or to keep publishing under your current name, even if you are planning to adopt your spouse's surname legally and socially.
Finally, it may be worth noting that ORCID aims to make these questions obsolete, but has not yet been broadly enough adopted and worked into people's thinking to effect such change.