How does Google Scholar generate the citation information of articles? (in different styles like MLS,APA,etc). Do authors have to enter it themselves? Asking because I want to know how authentic this is and whether I can directly copy the citation as it is. without reading any style guide myself.

  • Google Scholar gets its data automatically from various sources. Authors can edit certain information about their publications, but in general there is no manual quality control. That said, I find it very reliable.
    – Thomas
    Commented Jul 4, 2017 at 22:38
  • Personally I use bibtex for citations and I find the ones produced by GS quite bad. The high-level parsing tends to be reliable (for instance, the author names, title and page fields are divided correctly), but if there are diacritics, words that need to be capitalized, or formulas it is almost guaranteed to get them wrong. Commented Jul 5, 2017 at 6:08

1 Answer 1


Google Scholar gets the information (title, authors, journal name, date,...) directly from google scholar indexed journals. It produces the different styles from that information. Usually this works quite well, however, sometimes things go wrong so it's always good to check if everything is correct.

I also recommend using a citation manager like endnote or mendeley, that way you can download citation styles directly from the source/journals, manipulate them, easily change styles and correct errors.

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