2

http://www.easybib.com/guides/citation-guides/apa-format/how-to-cite-a-parenthetical-citations-apa/

In APA style, we have to use ampersand(&) instead of 'and' when we cite multiple authors in the parenthesis.

Ex) This is the sentence (Smith & Williams, 1989).

When I cite two papers by the same author, should I use comma, or 'and' or ampersand?

(1) This is the sentence (Smith, 1989 & 1991). (2) This is the sentence (Smith, 1989 and 1991). (3) This is the sentence (Smith, 1989, 1991).

What if there are three or more papers?

(1) This is the sentence (Smith, 1989, 1991, & 1993). (2) This is the sentence (Smith, 1989, 1991, and 1993). (3) This is the sentence (Smith, 1989, 1991, 1993).

2

These are the examples given in the sixth edition of the APA manual. They are separated only by a comma.

Training materials are available (Department of Veterans Affairs, 2001, 2003)

Past research (Gogel, 1990, 2006, in press)

  • Thank you. It solved one part of my question. Do you know what should I do if there are three or more papers? Separate only by comma or use 'and?' – user67275 Apr 2 '17 at 5:12
  • Only a comma. The second example above already illustrates this. The term 'in press' refers to a forthcoming (e.g. accepted but not yet published) paper. – jnanin Apr 2 '17 at 10:43

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