We have witnessed (heard or read) about the birth of new academic journals many times. I have a vague idea how that happens:
- A scientist or a group of scientists recognize the need for an academic journal in a specific field or a new scientific society considers to publish a journal,
- they choose a group of experts as founders and/or chief editors,
- they determine a scope and some basic rules for the journal,
- they decide about the number of issues in each year and similar things,
- they find a publisher or decide to publish the journal entirely on web, they establish a web site for the journal,
- and then they announce the new journal in the related scientific community.
Did I miss any stage? But I suspect there are lots of discussions, negotiations, arrangements and cooperations behind the curtain, which public (the rest of the related scientific community) doesn't know. So my questions are:
- What is a typical procedure for establishing a respectful academic journal?
- Do financial considerations play a key role?
- Should the founders be top experts (to some degree) in the field?
- Is it important the new journal be affiliated to a scientific society or be published by a recognized publisher?
- Why are some new journals published only on-line?
- What are the influential factors for the success of a new journal?
- How do the founders choose the editors?
- What else should one consider for initiating a new academic journal?
Please share your partial answers too if you don't have all the answers.
Disclaimer: I am just curious and I don't intend to initiate any new journals in the near future.;)