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I am a third year PhD student in a US business school. A this moment I have a couple publications in a totally unrelated field which are not important for my career. Regarding my PhD research, I just submitted my first paper in my field to a journal (we haven't received a response yet). This submission was done using my complete legal name. I have also done a conference presentation using my whole legal name and I have been accepted for at least 1 more in the next few months.

I happen to have a 4-word last name (two Spanish last names, one of which is compound) and I was thinking of shortening it (as I have found it is difficult to pronounce and confusing for most people in my field and there is always some issue locating my badge, etc.). My idea was to contract my first surname (the compound) into an initial, like a middle name, so I would be "Name S. Lastname". I am not thinking about changing my legal name, only using this contraction in my publications, conferences, etc.

Is it too late if I have already presented in conferences and have one submission (not publication)? Is there any social perception that name change is bad? Is there a way of making this name change effective in this first paper submission (i.e., when it comes back for revision, submit it back with my new name), or once submitted it is too late? Will it be a problem to use a name as a researcher that is not my whole legal name? Will it have an impact in the job market?

Thank you.

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    I know someone who was born with two ridiculously common Spanish surnames, and he legally changed his last name in the U.S. to adopt his mother's maiden name, which is much less common. It went smoothly for him. I didn't understand exactly how you're planning to change your name, but the general idea sounds good. Offhand it sounds like the sooner you make the change, the easier things will be in the long run. – aparente001 Feb 21 '17 at 4:09
  • I am not planning to change my legal name at all, just to have my publications, conference registration, school's web page, etc. with my shortened name. Thanks! – Anna SdTC Feb 21 '17 at 4:40
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    Well, either way, I couldn't see any disadvantages in your question to taking the plunge as soon as possible. – aparente001 Feb 21 '17 at 4:41
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    My answer here applies: Get an ORCID account, a DOI for people. – Ander Biguri Feb 21 '17 at 8:17
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I just went through a similar process last year. Before submitting our revision (this was my first publication), I contacted the editor and said that I was about to change my name and asked whether it would be accepted to simply change my last name in our manuscript. The editor gave me a green light and also contacted the journal's administrator, and that was that. For obvious reasons, editors are much happier that you do such changes before the actual publication takes place than come asking for it afterwards.

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Lots of people publish under things that aren't their legal name (nicknames, middle name, one last name instead of two), and I've never heard of it being a problem for anyone. As for the timing, in all the cases I'm familiar with (and other fields may be different from math), there's a time after acceptance where you can make minor revisions and I think it shouldn't be a problem to modify the name you're using then.

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