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I have a question and I searched a lot but couldn't find its answer. I write in English and there are a few books which are originally written in German and French, and unfortunately there is no English translation of them. I don't know these two languages but can read the Arabic translation of these books. How can I include them in the bibliography, according to APA or ASA citation styles? I think I should transliterate the titles and then I don't know if I should put their original titles or the English translation of the titles or maybe both of them. could anyone please help me?

  • Possibly a duplicate of How reference a translation of an already translated text? – svavil Jan 10 '17 at 18:43
  • I think there are sufficient differences between the two situations: In the other question, there are translations from A to B and from B to C, here there is just a translation from A to B and a paper written in C. Moreover, the original language in the other question is a dead language, all languages involved in the current one are active. – Arno Jan 11 '17 at 15:53
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Unless your specific field indicates otherwise, I would consider German and French to be more widespread as scientific languages than Arabic. Thus, the primary version to cite should be the original. To safeguard against potential mistakes through translation, you can add a note that you accessed the Arabic translation.

As there is no English translation of these books, translating the titles into English would be massively misleading. Don't do that.

[I am not familiar with APA or ASA citation styles, so this is just a "common sense" answer.]

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