In Germany, acquiring your doctoral degree usually involves the following steps (in that order):
- You hand in your thesis.
- The examiners review your thesis.
- You defend your thesis and possibly take an oral exam (usually on the same day).
- You publish your thesis (or provide proof that you already did so).
- The diploma, certificate is prepared, signed, and given to you.
Step 3 usually is the big thing after which you are congratulated, celebrated, and get to wear the mortarboard, as there is hardly anything that can go wrong afterwards. Nonetheless, it is usually prominently made clear that only after step 5 you may call yourself Doktor (doctor) and you can get into big trouble otherwise. I am not asking about this.
However, in German, there is another prominent term for acquiring a doctoral degree or the process of doing so, namely promovieren or Promotion, respectively. I have some reason to believe that these terms refer to a slightly different thing, namely completing everything up to step 3:
Some people say this is the case.
When publishing your thesis (step 4) at my university, it is common or even required to write Tag der Promotion (day of “Promotion”) in the thesis with the day being the date of the defense (step 3).
However, apart from the above, I failed to find any evidence for this: Internet searches yield all sorts of unrelated stuff and dictionaries do not make such a fine distinction. Hence I am asking: When exactly can you call yourself promoviert in Germany? Be aware that I am looking for some information that goes beyond hearsay (I already have such).
For the search engines: Wann genau ist man promoviert?