The first thing you want to do is assess at what stage the error is occuring.
If the DOI is getting correctly resolved to a appropriate page on the journal's site, but the content of that page is missing, that indicates that the DOI itself is valid, but the publisher moved around pages without updating the DOI resolution mechanism. In that case, you need to contact the publisher, or the publisher's web team and inform them of the DOI that's not resolving properly.
If it's doi.org itself which is giving you an error message, then in all likelihood there's something wrong with the DOI resolution process itself. This could be a number of issues:
One is that the DOI just isn't valid yet. There's been issues in the past with press releases from certain journals - they have the DOI for the article, but due to administrative issues the DOI doesn't get turned on until later in the week. (In this situation, you could emailing the journal and telling them to get their act together, but it may or may not help.)
The other is that the DOI was valid in the past, but for some reason has been turned of. The whole point of DOIs is to avoid this situation, though, so this is highly unlikely.
The most likely explanation is that wherever you got the DOI from made a mistake: if there's a typo in the DOI, it won't resolve to anything. The first thing to do is go back to the place you got it from, and double check that you haven't made a typo yourself.
The other thing to do is to do it the old fashion way: search for the article by author name and title. Once you find it on the publisher's website, take a look at the DOI and see if there's an obvious typo that could have been made. (e.g. if the DOI is missing a digit). If so, don't bother to inform the destination journal - if anything it's the source of the DOI that would need to be informed.
Another approach is to search Google or the like for the DOI - it may give you the proper destination page, or might indicate that it's only a single source that has that DOI (in which case it's likely a typo.) Or it might give you a better idea of where/how the DOI is being used.
Your case is somewhat interesting, as the DOI is correctly being resolved to the Wiley site, but it's not a particular page which is missing, but rather it's a general search result. That is, doi.org is able to recognize things as a Wiley DOI, but passes the final bit of resolution off to Wiley, who then can't recognize it. So your situation is probably more an issue with DOI resolution, and the steps for that would be a good start.
For this particular DOI, a Google search indicates that the article is (likely) supposed to be "Finding Structure in Time" by Jeffrey L. Elman in the journal "Cognitive Science". Another Google search indicates that the current canonical DOI is apparently 10.1207/s15516709cog1402_1. As this DOI is much different from the one you're using, it's unlikely to be a typo.
Looking around, it looks like other old Cognitive Science DOIs are also broken. There's also a issue that 10.1016 is an Elsevier DOI prefix, whereas 10.1207 is a Wiley prefix, who is currently publishing Cognitive Science. From what I gather, Cognitive Science used to be published by Elsevier, but at some point got transferred to Wiley. The 10.1016/0364-0213(90)90002-E is the old Elsevier DOI, whereas the 10.1207/s15516709cog1402_1 is Wiley's DOI.
Multiple DOIs for the same item aren't great, but they can be handled. However, it's certainly Wiley's responsibility to coordinate with Elsevier and doi.org to make sure that the old DOIs continue to work. It looks like doi.org is doing the correct thing by passing them to Wiley, but Wiley needs to update their DOI resolution engine in order to correctly point the old DOI at the correct new location. It's definitely Wiley you need to contact, probably through the contact link you got at the error page.