I am a prospective PhD student in the humanities and I have already got in touch with a potential advisor in the university I would really like to work in. I have drafted a research proposal (as I have to submit one with my application) and sent it to him for feedback.

At the same time, I am planning to apply at other universities as well, my first choice being very competitive. I have already found a couple faculty in other uni's I'd be also happy to work with (same research interests etc). Problem is they both require a research project draft when making first contact.

My question is: is it OK or 'ethical' to send the very same research proposal to a few different potential advisors? How common is it? Am I really free to contact as many advisors as I want, hear from them and then pick the one I want to work with (assuming more than one are willing to take me in, on their part)?

I know this might sound anxious but I really don't know how it works when it comes to the 'application etiquette.' Thank you all!

2 Answers 2


You don't say which country/cultural context the applications are for. I'm familiar with the UK setting in particular. Here, there is no problem using the same research proposal for different applications -- it's even expected.

There is the additional wrinkle in the situation you describe that one potential supervisor might be investing significantly in the development of your proposal. If you were to go to a different institution, having made good use of that contact's input, then it would also be reasonable for that contact to be a teensy bit hacked off -- unless there were mitigating circumstances (e.g. appreciable difference in funding levels).

Generally, however, it will be expected by potential supervisors that applicants will be testing the waters at more than one institution (they ought to advise applicants to do this in any case!). Transparency should not be a problem in most cases (i.e., inform your contact that you are, in fact, applying elsewhere too). Unless you're dealing with a prima donna/primo uomo, that shouldn't be an issue.

  • Yeah, I was actually talking about the UK! That's quite reassuring, I'll follow your advice.
    – prospapp
    Nov 25, 2016 at 8:41
  • @prospapp Glad that was a help. Since your context is the UK, perhaps it's also worth noting that the research proposal is often weighted as one of the factors for ranking applicants for scholarships -- additional incentive for making it clear, sharp, thoughtful, well referenced, etc. Good luck!
    – Dɑvïd
    Nov 25, 2016 at 9:06
  • and what if more than of one application with the same proposal accepted? Is this common the academic context to refuse an offer when they accepted the proposal? Can it make some trouble? (@wrzlprmft♦ )
    – Eilia
    Jul 3, 2020 at 7:23
  • I'm sorry, @Eilia, but I'm not actually sure what you're asking. Are you asking: what happens if one is accepted at more than one university for the same proposal? That can happen, and it should not make for trouble. (You accept one, and decline the rest!) If that's not what you had in mind, please do clarify.
    – Dɑvïd
    Jul 3, 2020 at 8:08
  • @Dɑvïd, You hit the spot! My concern was about the moral and even intellectual issues when two professors accept my plan and I have to decline one of them. Can this cause some problem in the future, e.g. when they possibly selected as reviewer for my future paper (based on the proposal)? You know, I want to look at the case from pessimistic perspective. :(
    – Eilia
    Jul 3, 2020 at 14:59

If you wrote the proposal entirely yourself, I see no problems with trying multiple universities. Do note the deadlines: you don't want to be in the situation that you need to choose between accepting an offer of a "lower-tier" university while still waiting for your first choice university to respond.
If you incorporate the suggestions of the faculty member of one university in your proposal to other universities, I'd at least let that faculty member know. Something like: "your university is my first choice, but as you know it is very competitive. Do you mind if I use this proposal to apply to other universities as a fallback"? This achieves 2 things: first of all it prevents a possible faculty member that might feel taken advantage of by using his/her comments to get into a different university. Second of all the advice you get might predominantly apply to his/her university, and might not generalize to other universities.

  • Thank you. At this stage, the proposal is entirely my own work: I'm still waiting for feedback from my first-choice potential advisor. Obviously I would never send a proposal which includes a faculty member's suggestions without letting them know: my question concerned this first draft made only by myself.
    – prospapp
    Nov 24, 2016 at 13:25

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