An entry in References which does not look good, here the url

enter image description here

where I am unsure about

  • having second name as "A." there; I would not necessary have it at all but the problem is that you do not necessarily know if it is the second name
  • URL: ... does not look good
  • having URL as red does not look good


  • year missing, so should be 2015

I remember that you do not need to provide url sometimes at all, but not sure.

  • 2
    The title of the article is "System Study: Residual Heat Removal 1998-2014". It's not the year of publication, it's just part of the title.
    – ff524
    Commented Aug 3, 2016 at 7:58
  • 3
    If you Google the article, you would find this link which gives you all the citation information, formatted citations for several styles (look for where it says "Citation Formats") and bibtex. Not sure how much more you need...
    – ff524
    Commented Aug 3, 2016 at 8:38
  • What do you mean "I found"? Did you write it yourself? And what is your question exactly? If this is a question on how to achieve a certain result with bibtex styles, it should go on tex.stackexchange. Commented Aug 3, 2016 at 10:28

1 Answer 1


The URL is required, as is the date of access and the date of creation (if it's available). I don't think the colour is really a necessity; however, what does matter is that you are consistent throughout your piece of writing. I normally use dark blue or black. I try to put it with that kind of serif-y "programming language" font, e.g. using the \url{} package in LaTeX.

The style of citation changes the way you cite electronic sources.

For MLA:

Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version
   number. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site
   (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available). 
   Medium of publication. Date of access.

for an entire website. The rules for MLA change slightly for other types of website citations.

For APA:

Author, A.A.. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Retrieved from URL

for websites with a known author. For websites without an author, and other types of electronic source citations, the rules are different.

For this website in particular, I would say it's closest to MLA-type citation but that perhaps it's missing the name of the institution that it's credited to. I haven't checked the website, so perhaps it's unavailable for some reason. Check the MLA link above to see the proper way to cite this particular PDF, as the link has multiple citation fashions which depend on the type of website / online material it is.

I think they were going for something like this (using the 'single web page' MLA):

John A. Schroeder. "System Study: Residual Heat Removal 1998–2014" 
     Idaho National Laboratory. INL, Décember 2015. 
     Web. 3 August 2016. URL: http://nrcoe.inel.gov/resultsdb/publicdocs/SystemStudies/rhr-SPAR-unreliability-external-2014.pdf

However the most important thing (second to making sure to cite, of course) is that the author is consistent throughout.

And finally, according to google scholar, the article is a 'tech report' and the BiBTeX citation is thus:

  title={System Study: Residual Heat Removal 1998-2014},
  author={Schroeder, John Alton},
  institution={Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)}
  • The institution seems to be Idaho National Laboratory so I think it should be put as the institution. What do you think? - - I am not sure about the publisher. The laboratory is operated by Battelle Energy Alliance. Commented Aug 3, 2016 at 8:13
  • 1
    See my edit. But yes, IDL is the institution for sure. Commented Aug 3, 2016 at 8:18
  • 1
    INL, not IDL. Programming brain. Commented Aug 3, 2016 at 8:18

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