I'm wondering why a well-known citation style (bibtex's "plain" style) produces "In proceedings of 'conference name'" or "In 'conference name'", but drops "in" in case of journals. In my opinion, there is no difference between journals and conference proceedings from the viewpoint of typesetting citations to their parts. It's even strange that there is an entry @inproceedings, but not @injournal in bibtex. Any rationale behind the discrepancy between the presence of "in" in the one case and its absence in the other case?

  • Not sure what style you're using, but the default biblatex style does output "In: Journal". (injournal is simply called article...)
    – user9646
    Jun 23, 2016 at 13:52
  • 1
    Consider that BibTeX was written 31 years ago, the last major update was an 1988, with a minor update in 2010 that didn't change any style. Meanwhile biblatex is actively developed. Maybe there just isn't any rationale and it's an oversight, but since the syle hasn't been updated in almost two decades it simply hasn't been corrected. Or it stems from conventions at the time which have evolved since then. You don't see a difference between journal citations and proceedings citations, maybe people did back in 1988.
    – user9646
    Jun 23, 2016 at 14:05
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    You realize that your opinion that there is no difference between journals and conference proceedings is likely field and time dependent.
    – StrongBad
    Jun 23, 2016 at 19:18

1 Answer 1


You cite proceedings separately from articles contained within them, because proceedings have their own metadata which stands alone, while journal metadata is typically encompassed in the citation of articles.

  • @article - papers in journals: Chatrychan et al, "Observation of a new boson at a mass of 125 GeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC", Physics Letters B 716(1) 30--61, 17 September 2012, ISSN 0370-2693.
  • @proceedings - the proceedings themselves: SIGGRAPH '84 Proceedings of the 11th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques, July 23-27, 1984, Minneapolis, Minnesota, ISBN:0-89791-138-5
  • @inproceedings - papers in proceedings: Cook et al, "Distributed Ray Tracing", in SIGGRAPH '84

You don't tend to cite journals alone (you can just write Physics Letters B, you don't usually need to give a bibliography entry) or journal issues - you rarely want to refer to 'the 17 September 2012 issue of Physics Letters B' instead of a paper inside it.


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